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Cell Project

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S: Domains, Kingdoms and Vertebrates by Sadie Coffin

BC: Thank You for reading!

FC: Domains, Kingdoms, and Vertebrates | By Sadie Coffin

1: Domains | Eukarya | Archaea | Bacteria | The domains are ways to organize living things on Planet Earth in three categories larger than kingdoms. The three domains is like a family tree; the branches that are far apart are not very similar. Branches that are near each other indicate closely related groups.

2: Eukarya | Eukarya all are eukaryotes, which means they have a nucleus. They include almost all of the multicellular organisms on Planet Earth, like any plants, animals or fungi, but it also includes one celled organisms. | People | Bunny Rabbit

3: Frog | Mushrooms | Polar bears | Fish

4: Bacteria | Bacteria are once one-celled organisms and are prokaryotes, which means they don't have a nucleus or any other organelle with a membrane. The cell is a rather simple cell. | Example of bacteria

5: Blue bacteria image | Bacteria example | E. Coli bacteria

6: Archaea | Archaea are simple cells that don't have nuclei. They resemble bacteria in their cell structure, but the genes of Archaea are very different from bacteria. | Archaea bacteria | Example image of Archaea

7: Archaea Prokaryote Cell

8: Kingdoms | Monera | Protista | Animalia | Plantae | Fungi | Biologists today have classified and divided all living things into five groups they call Kingdoms. These kingdoms are based on how living things are the same, and how they are different.

9: Monerans | Living organisms made of one cell that have no defined nucleus (are prokaryotes) and get their nutrients when the nutrients pass through their cell membrane. They reproduce by splitting in two and this kingdom includes many bacteria.

10: Monerans | Moneran image | Moneran cell

11: Protists | Protists usually are made of one cell but can be made of more, and are eukaryotes. Some of them get nutrients from eating others, and some get their nutrients from the sun. They reproduce by splitting in two. Some examples are Amoeba, Paramecium, and Euglena.

12: Protists | Amoeba | Paramecium | Euglena

13: Animal | Organisms in Animalia are multicellular, and get nutrients by eating others. They reproduce by cells which grow in the women's body. Some examples are bunny rabbits, polar bears, ducks, dogs, cats, frogs, humans, fish and koalas. | Killer whales | Fish | Bunny Rabbit

14: Animals | Frog | Dog and cat | Polar bears | Babies | Starfish | Octopus | Koala | People | Ducks

15: Plants | Organisms in this kingdom are multicellular and get their nutrients and energy from the sun and their surroundings (like the soil). They reproduce from seeds and are eukaryotes. Some examples are trees, flowers, vegetable gardens, and water garden plants.

16: Plants | Water garden plants | Vegetable garden | Trees | Flowers | Small web plant

17: Fungi | Organisms in this kingdom that are usually multicellular but sometimes are unicellular. They get nutrients by digesting the surface they live on and they reproduce with spores, and are eukaryotes. Some examples are yeasts, bread molds, lichens, and mushrooms.

18: Fungi | closeup | Yeast | Lichens | Mushrooms | Bread Mold

19: Vertebrate Groups | Vertebrates are animals with backbones. Some of them are warm-blooded and some of them are cold-blooded. Warm-blooded animals maintain the same blood temperature regardless of their surroundings, but cold-blooded animals' blood temperatures vary according to their surroundings. | Mammals | Birds | Fish | Reptiles | Amphibians

20: Mammals | Almost all mammals give birth, feed the young with milk, have hair or fur, and are warm-blooded. There are also three kinds of mammals inside the vertebrate group of mammals; Monotremes, Marsupials, and Placental Mammals.

21: Monotremes | Monotremes are the most primitive, or prehistoric mammals that exist today. The women give birth by laying eggs. Examples of Monotremes are the duck-billed platypus and echidnas. | Duck-billed platypus | Echidna

22: Marsupials | Marsupials carry young in pouches, where the young also feed on milk. They are also a group of primitive mammals. They are most common in Australia. | Kangaroo | Opossum | Wombat

23: Placental Mammals | Placental Mammals are mammals where the fetus is attached to the uterus and nourished through spongy material called the placenta. | Horse | Cattle | Baby | Dog | Cat

24: Birds | All birds have feathers, wings, breathe through lungs, lay fragile eggs, and are warm-blooded. Even though all birds have wings, not all birds can fly. | Cardinal | House Finch | Great Blue Heron | Hummingbird

25: Fish | Fish live in water, have gills, most have scales, and are cold-blooded. | Killer Whales | Tropical Fish

26: Reptiles | Reptiles are cold-blooded, usually have scales or horny plates, breathe through lungs, and lay leathery eggs on land. | Snake | Turtle | Lizard

27: Amphibians | Amphibians are cold- blooded, have moist skin and no scales, young breathe with gills but adults breathe through lungs but some can breathe through skin. They also lay soft jellyish eggs in water and go through stages from tadpole to adult. | Frog | Salamander | Common Newt

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  • Title: Cell Project
  • Science D period
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  • Published: about 8 years ago