FC: Cell project | David W. Ikenna A.
1: cell theory | All living things are made of one or more cells | Cells are the basic unit of structure and function organisms | All cells are made of existing cells
2: Prokaryotic | prokaryotic cells are simpler cells and probably the first cells on Earth. They don't have a nucleus or any membrane-covered organelles. The only cell that is prokaryotic is bacteria.
3: Eukaryotic | Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and membrane- covered organelles. Animal, plant, protists, and fungi are eukaryotic cells. Eukaryotic cells has a plasma membrane, golgi apparatus, mitochondria, chloroplast only in plants, lysosomes in animals, and peroisomes. They both have vacuoles.
4: R. HOOKE famous theory All things are made of cells Cells are the basic units of structure and function in living All cells come from the reproduction of other cells | Theodor schwann He stated that cells are the basic unit of animal structure
5: Rudolf virchow stated that cell division accounted for the multiplication of cells to form tissue | Matthias l. Jchleiden In 1838 schleiden proposed that all plan have cells
6: Cell wall Is a tough, usually flexible but sometimes fairly rigid layer that surrounds plant type cell
7: Centriole A barrel shaped cell structure found in animal and absent in most plants and fungi
8: Lysosome Brakes food particules. it contains acid; enzyme that brake down waste materials and cellular debris | Chromosome An organized structure of DNA and proteins found in cells.
9: Cell membrane the biological membrane that separates the interior of all cells from the outside environment. Homeostasis:Maintaining internal stability
10: Vacuole | The vacuole stores water and nutrients. When the vacuole is full it makes the cell rigid. The vacuole takes up most of a plant cells space.
11: Cilia | A cilia is a short hair like structure. It is found on the surface of eukaryotic cells. Cilia moves substances across the surface in some cells. It helps prokaryotic cells move around like bacteria.
12: Cytoskeleton | The cytoskeleton is made to support the cell. It is a found in most cells. It acts as a skeleton like a human skeleton
13: Mitochondria | The mitochondria has two membranes an inner and outer. The outer is a large surface area and is greatly folded. The outer is smooth. It is found in the cytoplasm of the cell. They harvest from organic compounds to make atp, whitch is energy currency of cells
14: Flagella | The flagella is a long thread like structure. The flagella is from the cells sureface that allows movement
15: Homeostasis | Homeostasis is the process when the body tries to maintain homeostasis to stay alive.
16: Animal cells | Animal cells has a gulgi apperatice. It has lysosomes and a cell membrane. It also has ribosomes.
17: Plant cells has chromalin, a nucleolus, microtubules, chloroplst, a cell wall, plasma membrane, and peroxisomes | Plant cells
18: They both are eukaryotic cells, has a nucleus, nucluear envelope, routh and smooth e.r, vacuole, and mitochandria