FC: Cells Are Fun! | By: Trinh & Brianna
1: History Lesson! | Robert Hooke first discovered the cell in 1665! However, he didn't realize how complex they were.
2: What's a cell? | Cells are the smallest unit of life. They make up the structure and functions of all organisms.
3: Hair Cell | Leaf Cell | Muscle Cell | Bacterial Cell
4: Procaryotic vs.Eucaryotic
5: Eukaryotic Cell | They contain a nucleus and organelles and are about 10 times the size of prokryotic cells. | Procaryotic Cell | They are simple and do not contain nuclei or organelles.
6: Animal Cells! | They are a type of eukaryotic cell | They contain a nucleus, cell membrane, cytoplasm, and organelles.
7: They need to consume food in order to get energy to use for basic functions.
8: Plant Cells | They are almost the same as animal cells, but one main difference is that a plant cell has a cell wall and chloroplasts.
9: Because plant cells have chloroplasts, they are able to make their own food through photosynthesis.
10: Bacterial Cells | These cells are a type of procaryotic cell. They do not have a well defined nuclei and organelles. They have chromosomes made of a single DNA circle.
11: They are found practically anywhere on earth and come in many shapes and sizes.
12: Organelles! | - Mitochondria - Nucleus - DNA - Chromosome - Cell membrane - Cell Wall - Flagella - Cilia - Chloroplasts | - Centrioles - Endoplasmic Reticulum - Vacuoles - Cytoskeleton - Cytoplasm - Lysosomes - Golgi Apparatus - Ribosomes
14: Mitochondria - Second largest organelle; converts food into energy for the cell to use | Nucleus - The "command center" of the cell; contains the information needed to make up the cell; contains genetic material - DNA and chromosomes
15: DNA - Found in the nucleus; contains genetic information that is used to determine traits and to control the cell's behavior, functions, and development. | Chromosomes - Found in the nucleus and made of DNA; also contain genetic material and tell the cell what it needs to do in order to carry out its particular functions.
16: Cell membrane - Separates the the inner cell from the outer environment in order to keep balance between the 2 sides. | Cell Wall - Only found on plant cells; determines cell shape; acts as a barrier between the cell and outer environment, provides support and mechanical strength to cell
17: Flagella - Long, slender, threadlike, whip-like extension of certain cells used for motion and propelling the cell forward. | Cilia - Microscopic, hair-like projection on the surfaces of some cells and of certain organisms; used for motion or to move liquid and other materials past the cell
18: Chloroplasts - Found in plant cells and not animal cells; absorb light energy to use for photosynthesis, making food for the plant. | Centrioles - A self-replicating, small, tube-shaped organelle, typically located in the cytoplasm near the nucleus in cells of most animals; It is involved in the process of nuclear division.
19: Endoplasmic Reticulum - An organelle in eukaryotic cells that serves as a network that transports proteins and other substances throughout the cell. There is a rough endoplasmic reticulum and a smooth endoplasmic reticulum. | Vacuoles - store waste of the cell and also isolate materials that could be a threat to the cell in order to protect it from harm.
20: Cytoskeleton - Made up of protein and found in the cytoplasm, it has a role in controlling cell shape, maintaining organization, and allowing cell movement. | Cytoplasm - The clear, jelly-like substance that fills cells; organelles are suspended in the cytoplasm; found between the cell membrane and nuclear envelope in eukaryotic cells and fills the entirety of prokaryotic cells
21: Lysosomes - Organelles containing a large range of digestive enzymes used primarily for digestion and removal of excess or worn-out organelles, food particles, and engulfed viruses or bacteria. | Golgi Apparatus - a cell structure mainly devoted to processing the proteins synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum | Ribosomes - Each cell contains thousands of ribocomes; they make protein from amino acids within the cell; contain 2 subunits
22: Teamwork! | All organelles in a cell work together to function. | The cell wall and cell membrane work to protect the cell from the outer environment. The vacuole helps protect the inside of the cell from harmful materials and lysosomes filter excess materials. The cytoskeleton as well as the cytoplasm provide the structure of the cell and helps with organization. Ribosomes create protein, mitochondria creates energy from protein and food, the endoplasmic reticulum transports protein throughout the cell, and and the golgi apparatus processes these proteins. Chloroplasts are used to make food for plant cells in order to give them energy. The flagella and cilia are used for cell motion. Centrioles are used to reproduce new cells and last but not least, the nucleus serves as the control center of the cell and its contents - DNA and chromosomes - have the genetic information to determine the cells' functions.
23: Animal Cells Contain... | - Nucleus - Centriole* - Golgi - Lysosome - Cell membrane - Mitochondria | - Vacuole - Endoplasmic reticulum - Ribosomes - Cytoskeleton - Cytoplasm | Plant Cells Contain... | - Nucleus - Golgi - Lysosome - Cell membrane - Mitochondria - Vacuole | - Cell Wall* - Chloroplasts* - Endoplasmic reticulum - Ribosomes - Cytoskeleton - Cytoplasm | * - differences
25: Documentation of Sources | http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model.htm | https://www.etap.org/demo/biology1/instruction3tutor.html | http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~acarpi/NSC/13-cells.htm