BC: Chad is one of the greatest countries in the world that has much interesting information to learn about.
FC: The Country of Chad | By: Manal Saad and Mohamed Sareini
1: Chad is a landlocked country in north-central Africa. Its neighbors are Niger, Libya, the Sudan, the Central African Republic, Cameroon, and Nigeria. Its climate is tropica in the South and desert in the North. It has broad, arid plains in center, desert in north, mountains in northwest, lowlands in the south. | Geography of Chad
2: In Chad, the Zakouma National Park offers a wide range of jungle animals. Visitors can see huge flocks of elephants, giraffes, lions, and many more. Tourists will enjoy the wildlife present in the national park. | Places of Interest
3: Another place of interest is Lake Chad. It was once the centre of Africa's lucrative salt trade. The lake contains many hippos and crocadiles. Many visitors enjoy the great views of this lake.
4: Some historical Events include: *1960-08-11 - Chad declares Independence from France. *1980-12-15 - Premier Queddei troops conquers Chad capital N'djamena *2005-12-23 - Chad declares a state of war against Sudan following a December 18 attack on Adr, which left about 100 people dead. Chad was ruled by the colonial power of France which broke free in 1960. Independence in France was achieved by slowly switching their power. They eventually became indeoendent and a republic. | Historical Background
5: One of the most important people of Chad is Idriss Deby. He was born in 1952 and assumed presidency in December of 1990. Idriss was Muslim as most of the people in Chad. In his early years, Deby moved to Sudan and formed the Patriotic Salvation Movement. The PSM was an insurgent group that was supported by Libya and Sudan. After successful operations with the rebel, Idriss launched a decisive attack on N’Djamena, Chad’s capital. After defeating government troops, he arose into power. Since 1990, seven national liberation "armies" have sprung up in various areas of Chad to try to overthrow Dby's rule. In 1992, the French sent in troops to help hold back the armed gangs, known as N'Katha Zulu. They were operating on the Sudan border. In October 1993, Abbas Koty, a former member of Deby's government, attempted a military coup, but has failed which failed. Dby was sworn in for another term in office on August 8, 2006.After Dby's re-election, several rebel groups broke apart. Dby was in Abch from 11 September to 21 September 2006, flying in a helicopter to personally oversee attacks on Rally for Democratic Forces rebels. The rebellion in the east continued, and rebels reached N'Djamena on February 2, 2008, with fighting occurring inside the city. After days of fighting, the government remained in control of N'Djamena. Speaking at a press conference on February 6, Dby said that his forces had defeated the rebels, whom he described as "mercenaries directed by Sudan", and that his forces were in "total control" of the city as well as the whole country. | Biography
6: The current poupulation in Chad is 10,329,208 (July 2009 est.) . There is over 200 ethnis groups inChad. These include in the North and center, mostly Muslim: Arabs, Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba. South, mostly Christian or animist: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moundang, Moussei, Massa. They all had many role and for example the arabs brought Islam to the North. There are many religions and these include Islam 51%, Christian 35%, animist 7%, other 7%. | Population and People
7: The main industries in Chad are oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, beer brewing, natron (sodium carbonate), soap, cigarettes, construction materials. The main agricultural products in Chad are sorghum, millet, maize and rice, cattle, goats and sheep. The main natural resources found in Chad are petroleum (unexploited but exploration under way), uranium, natron, kaolin, fish (Lake Chad), gold, limestone, sand and gravel, and salt. The GDP in Chad is $15.9 billion (2007 est.) The per capita annual income is 1,200. | Economy
8: Chad's current type of government is a repub;ic. Its current president is Idriss Dby and its current prime minister is Youssouf Saleh Abbas. Chad has much international disputes. Since 2003, Janjawid armed militia and Sudanese military have driven about 200,000 Darfur region refugees into eastern Chad. It is also a mediator in the Sudanese civil conflict. There is also other conflits and challenges in Chad. | Government
9: In Chad today, various conflicts occur. Many issues could be medical. For example, in April of 2009, meningitis broke out. This outbreak killed approximately 1,900 people. Meningitis is inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord, the meninges. Due to global warming many environmental changes have been occurring throughout continents in the world. Another problem in Chad is just this. The weather is scorching hot. The heat wave also kills many people. February 2008, rebels and troops had great conflict with each other. In the capital city of Ebbs there was blood everywhere. Military troops (the government) were nearly taking over the whole country. You could call it sort of a military coup. Unfair society and too much power to a leader may result in a dictatorship in Chad. | Summary
10: Reference Page | https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/print/cd.html http://www.guardian.co.uk/country-profile/chad http://www.mbendi.com/land/af/ch/p0005.htm#15 http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0107403.html http://www.articlesbase.com/destinations-articles/places-of-interest-on-your-holidays-in-chad-413261.html