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Changing Times: Expanding Westward

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FC: Changing Times Expanding Westward

1: I - Ideas N - Natural/Geography S - Social P - Political E - Economic C - Cultural T - Technology

2: Industrial Revolution: Mills were created and began making large amounts of goods. During this time people left farms to go and work for wages in the mills within the cities. | IDEA

3: The geographical of New England Placed it in an area where resources were readily available. The many rivers and streams also powered the machines in the factories. This is what made city living for many people possible: wage paying jobs. | IDEA

4: The Indian Removal Act In 1830 Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. This allowed the federal government to pay the Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. This was set in place because the settlers wished to move to the Southeast for farming. The land was fertile and the land west of the Mississippi was too dry to farm. | IDEA

5: Natural/Geography | Rocky Mountains Known for their beauty and sheer size they are a great tourist spot today. They were a huge obstacle in the journey west. They separate the plains from the coastal area booms.

6: The Mississippi The Mississippi River cuts the United States into two pieces. It runs from Minnesota all the way down to the Gulf of Mexico. This river separated the West from the East. Most people lived east of it. After the Indian Removal Act man Indians were forced to move to the territory west of the Mississippi. | Natural/Geography

7: The Great Plains This vast expanse of land was for the most part unsettled. The grassy land was thought to be too dry to farm and was not often desired by settlers. | The plains are where many native peoples were sent after the I.R.A. was passed in 1830. This was a land that was unfamiliar to them. | Natural/Geography

8: Cities At this time cities were starting to become places where more people could live because of the jobs being provided working in the factories. | Older towns and cities grew as places of trade. Other cities near rivers grew because of the power provided and the proximity to trade routes and resources. | Social

9: Gold Rush The California Gold Rush brought people from all across the nation and world to the west coast. This gold rush gave rise to boomtowns that popped up almost overnight. These places had few women.,Whether that had an effect on the lawlessness that went on in these towns, these areas were often corrupt. | Social

10: The Trail of Tears After refusing to give up their lands the Cherokee were forcefully removed by an army of 7,000 troops. They gave in and finally started the trek west. | Before the march many of the Cherokee died while waiting to travel west. Thousands more died on the trail. This trip westward of the Cherokee became the Trail of Tears because of their great loses. | Political

11: The Whigs Come to Power The Democratic Party had been in power for more than 12 years.They ran on a more conservative platform. Their symbol was a log cabin representing more of the population. They were able to be voted in as president but they lost again to the Democrats 4 years later. | Political

12: River Travel Wagon and horse travel was hard work. People wanted easier travel. In 1807 when a new breed of steam boat was developed river travel took off. Settlers were able to pack all their belongings together on put it on the boat and have it ferried great distances while they were able to sit back and not have to worry about the travel. This was great for shipping and and it boosted growth of the river cities. These gave rise to places of trade and travel. | Economic

13: Erie Canal The Erie Canal was just as much an economical as it was a technological breakthrough. It allowed resources, materials and people to be transported from the inner States along the Great Lakes to the east coast. This set off a trend of canal building throughout the country. Goods were carried much farther by barge than by wagons daily. This advance in shipping reduced costs of goods and brought together much of the country. | Economic

14: The Factory System The factory system was a new way of organizing workers in a way that they would be more effective and more regulated. This brought the workers away from their homes and onto factories to work. This allowed them to be more efficient and to produce more. This was what gave rise to the industrial Revolution. | Economic

15: Mormons At this time the The Mormon church was growing. Founded by Joseph Smith in 1830, the church suffered much prosecution because of some of its practices. They moved west slowly after a number of years | Cultural

16: Mountain Men The Oregon territory was first populated by these adventurous fur traders. Rendezvous were a big part of their lives. There they sold their furs and got together with other people. Most often they worked for a company or for the highest bidder. Man adapted Indian traditions. Some even intermarried. | Cultural

17: Turnpikes More people and goods were needing to get around at this time. Private companies took this initiative to build turnpikes and toll roads that travelers had to pay to use. These tolls were used to build more roads and pay for construction. They were build out of crushed rock and even logs in the wet, swampy areas. | Technology

18: Interchangeable Parts These unified parts were identical and were more easily manufactured. They could be put together to make a full machine with simplicity. These parts could be used to repair broken machines that they already have. This lead to more mass production of goods and reduced prices. | Technology

19: The Cotton Gin This invention was a great time saver. This separated the cotton fibers from the seeds. It did the work that 50 people could do by hand. Eli Whitney developed this in 1793. This was a great new concept that showed machines were worthwhile to be using in manufacturing. | Technology

20: 1. Who/what made change happen? The change was made by those that wanted to make progress. Whether they wanted to promote a cause or benefit themselves or a group of people. Those who wanted to make progress made change happen. 2. What remained the same? The way people act about change is the same. People are often reluctant about the change unless it directly benefits them. 3. How is the past the same as the present? The way people behave just about the same way to many things. We as a whole make decisions that can as times benefit us and others that hurt us. Sometimes they change in the long term. | In Conclusion of Westward Expansion:

21: 4. How did past decisions or actions affect future choices? We are able to look at the past decisions that people have made and determine whether they were beneficial to our society or not. Then we are able to decide whether to repeat that or to change from that past way. 5. How did people in the past view their world? They felt that they needed to prove themselves as a country to the rest of the world. They had a lot that they needed to make up to gain ground on the European countries. Many of their choices were based on furthering the the boarders of the physical boundaries of the country and the technological and social bounds.

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Bridger Thomas Hopkins
  • By: Bridger T.
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  • Title: Changing Times: Expanding Westward
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  • Published: over 9 years ago