S: BREAKING THE CHAINS OF CHILD SLAVERY - JANAE DUECK
BC: CHILD SLAVERY: | A GLOBAL PROBLEM | 6 NOV 2012
FC: BREAKING | the chains of | SLAVERY | Janae Dueck | CHILD
1: Janae Dueck Canadian Mennonite University | became a hidden part of society with the majority of people ignoring it and forgetting about it. Today, 27 million people are enslaved in the world, more than any other time in history. Yet, it is illegal. How is this possible? Inside this book are testimonies from children who have lived through the trauma of human trafficking. In the difficulties of obtaining accurate statistics, these stories from survivors are important – they fill in the gaps in our knowledge. They reveal the scope of modern day slavery and the devastating effects of a life in bondage. I hope you are moved to compassion. Do not let these stories fall on deaf ears. Let's break the chains of modern-day slavery. (Matthew 19:16) | Today, slavery is outlawed in every country because courageous abolitionists like William Wilberforce and Fredrick Douglas, risked their lives to save people who were being exploited. Unfortunately, ending the institution of slavery did not stop slavery. Instead slavery | A note to the reader:
2: TRAFFICKING | HUMAN | The abolition and prohibition of slavery in the United States occurred in the late 19th century; however, today, there are at least who are currently enslaved around the world (UNICEF). This is more than double the number of Africans enslaved during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade! Human trafficking is modern day slavery. Victims are forced, defrauded or coerced into labor or sexual exploitation. It is estimated that trafficking generates around annually (ILO, 2009). Sex trafficking alone is estimated to generate $7 billion per year, but INTERPOL believes the number to be closer to This makes trafficking in persons the second most lucrative crime in the world after drugs. Sexual exploitation and abuse have grave consequences on any person's well being, especially Unprotected sex, gang rapes, forced abortions and manipulation can cause severe including HIV/AIDS and other infections diseases or conditions. | 27 million people | $32 billion | $19 billion. | a child's. | psychological and physical damage.
3: Trafficking primarily involves exploitation which comes in many forms, including: - forcing victims into prostitution - subjecting victims to slavery or involuntary servitude - compelling victims to commit sex acts for the purpose of creating pornography - misleading victims into debt bondage
4: COUNTRIES OF ORIGIN | very high high medium | Eleven countries score very high as countries of origin for trafficking victims: Belarus, the Republic of Moldova, Russia, Ukraine, Albania, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Romania, China, Thailand, and Nigeria.
5: COUNTRIES OF DESTINATION | low very low not reported | - Images from UNODC (2006) | Belgium, Germany, Greece, Israel, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Thailand, Turkey and the United States are countries ranked very high as destination countries of trafficked persons.
6: children | BONDAGE | IN
7: Child trafficking is one of the most shameful crimes affecting millions of children's innocence and preying on their vulnerability for the purpose of exploitation. Although it is difficult to get accurate statistics, the International Labour Organization (ILO, 2005) estimated that 980,000 to 1,225,000 children – both boys and girls – are being trafficked annually. That means two children are sold every sixty seconds. Some estimates indicate that it is actually more than 20% of victims are children (UNODC, 2012). This means that it is closer to 5 million children being trafficked annually. In parts of Africa and Asia, children are the majority of persons being trafficked (UNODC, 2009). The trafficking in children is closely linked with the demand for cheap labour, soldiers, and commercial sexual exploitation and drug couriering. Children are sometimes favoured as labourers because their small hands are ideal for untangle fishing nets, weaving, or picking cocoa (UNODC, 2012). More than 2/3 of sex trafficked children suffer additional abuse at the hands of their traffickers. Trafficked children are significantly more likely to develop mental health problems, abuse substances, engage in prostitution as adults, and either commit or be victimized by violent crimes later in life.
8: TWO | ARE | EVERY | 60 | SOLD | CHILDREN | SECONDS
9: These are some of their stories. They contain adult themes of trafficking.
10: An online rescue team betrayed me. My father beat me so I ran away to an internet cafe. Two days later, the owners gave me a $15 internet bill. I could not pay it, so I called an online rescue service that would help me pay by debt. A woman paid my bill and said she could arrange work for me at a souvenir shop for 50$ a month. She bought me clothes and took me to get a haircut. | XUAN | "MY LIFE BECAME LIKE | A LIFELLESS TREE | weak scared | Ten hours later, I was sold to a man in China for $1000. I was confused. I wanted my mom. Other girls joined me and soon we were all sold into brothels. I served customers every day and became very sick. My life became like a lifeless tree, weak and scared, without sun or water. | * | *Her name has been changed to protect identity. | " | AND
11: -Story from Hagar U.S.A.
13: -Story from Homebrewed Christianity | My sister sold me to American man when I was thirteen years old. I already had a baby. I was sold under the agreement that the man would get my son better medical care because he was very sick. I ended up being trafficked to Alaska. The man kidnapped my baby away from me. He did not allow me to see my son unless I would have sex with men and women. I was in prison. Soon, my baby died of leukemia. When I became pregnant with my second child the beatings lessoned. I ran away to the police but the man came after me. | "I WAS | 13 | YEARS OLD."
14: AL | * | *His name has been changed to protect his identity.
15: They told my parents they would find my brother and I good jobs in a neighbouring, more prosperous country. They lied. We were locked up and forced to take drugs. They raped us again and again. I felt so ashamed of what they made me do. I tried to escape but they caught me. After several days, the traffickers threw me out onto the streets. I could not speak the language and did not know if I could go to the police for fear of being arrested. The only thing that kept me going was my desperation to save my brother. | "I WAS SO | -Story from The Body Shop Sex Trafficking website. | ashamed | OF WHAT THEY MADE ME DO."
16: Srey | "WHY ARE | YOU DOING | THIS TO ME?"
17: My family sold me to a brothel when I was six years old. I did not know what sex was until a pedophile purchased me and raped me. I was so scared. I cried and kept asking 'Why are you doing this to me?' I was in huge demand because I was so young. Twice the brothel stitched up my vagina to resell me as a virgin. When I tried to rebel or escape they would lock me naked in a barrel of sewage with vermin and scorpions. The longest I was in there was one week. | - Story from Nicholas Kristof in "The Face of Modern Slavery"
18: CO | A
19: COMMODITY | children | ARE | NOT
20: "BUT WHAT CAN DO?" | i
21: WATCH OUT. Look out for potential victims and be aware of things that feel "off". Report instances where you suspect trafficking. It might save a life. | you could . . . | EDUCATE YOURSELF. Child trafficking does not only happen on the other side of the world. People being targeted are right in your backyard. Educate yourself about it to bring it out of the shadows. | SPREAD THE WORD. As you learn about human trafficking, tell others. Raise the issue amongst your family and friends. Silence allows this crime to continue. Your voice can make a difference! | HELP THE HELPLESS. Help these heroes to solve the stigma of sex trafficked survivors by donating or even volunteering! | CALL FOR A CHANGE. Contact your local politicians and challenge them to be more active in the area of child slavery. Identify ways of communicating with lawmakers to establish a change of thinking. | HOST A MOVIE NIGHT. Suggested films: Slumdog Millionaire, Not for Sale, Born into Brothels (ensure your guests are the appropriate maturity level)
23: I pray for freedom for the children that are enslaved. I ask that you would protect the children who are suffering at the hands of men and women who are doing evil. I ask for justice to be done to those who do wrong and for them to recognize their wrongdoings. Lord, please be with those who are ambassadors of anti-trafficking. Encourage and uphold those who are doing good. Lord, I pray that the world would recognize that these children need to be saved. Even if it is only one child at a time, please help us save them. In Jesus' name, Amen | Dear God,
24: BIBLIOGRAPHY Covenant House. (2012). Petitioned the U.S. House of Representatives: Help Stop Child Sex Trafficking. In Change.org. Retrieved on October 23, 2012 from http://www.change.org/petitions/help-stop-child-sex-trafficking Fuller, T. (2012, May 2). Hell On Earth: A Sex Trafficking Survivor's Story. In Homebrewed Christianity. Retrieved on November 1, 2012 from http://homebrewedchristianity.com/2012/05/02/hell-on-earth-a-sex-trafficking- survivors-story/ Hagar USA. (n.d.). Lucky to Escape. In Stories. Retrieved on November 2, 2012 from http://hagarusa.org/stories/lucky-to-escape/ Initiative Against Sexual Trafficking. (2012). Facts. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://s147851.gridserver.com/facts/#fn7 International Labour Organization. (2009). The cost of coercion. In Introduction, 13. International Labour Organization. (2012). Trafficking in children. In Sectors and Topics. Retrieved on November 5, 2012 from http://www.ilo.org/ipec/areas/Traffickingofchildren/lang--en/index.htm League of Nations. (2011, September 14). International Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children. In European Commission. Retrieved on October 23, 2012 from http://ec.europa.eu/anti-trafficking Love146. (2012) Modern Day Slavery. In Learn. Retrieved on November 1, 2012 from http://love146.org/slavery Morcom, C., & Schloenhardt A. (2011, March). All About Sex?! The Evolution of Trafficking in Persons in International Law. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://www.law.uq.edu.au/documents/humantraffic/legislation/Evolution- of-Int-Law-relating-to-Trafficking-in-Persons.pdf Slavery No More. (2012). Abolish 21st Century Slavery. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://www.slaverynomore.org/ Social Development Notes. (2009, December). Human Trafficking: A Brief Overview. In Conflict, Crime and Violence, 122, 1-14. Somaly Mam Foundation. (2012) The Issue. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://www.somaly.org/page/issue
25: The Body Shop. (2012). Al’s Story. In Sex Trafficking Stories, 6. Retrieved on November 2, 2012 from http://www.thebodyshop-usa.com/sex-trafficking-stories.aspx UNICEF. (2010, January 6). Child Protection from Violence, Exploitation and Abuse. In Facts on Children. Retrieved on November 5, 2012 from http://www.unicef.org/media/media_45451.html United Nations (1989, November 20) Convention on the Rights of the Child. In Introduction. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://untreaty.un.org/cod/avl/ha/crc/crc.html United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2006, April). Trafficking in Persons Global Patterns, 38-39. Retrieved on November 6, 2012 from http://www.unodc.org/pdf/traffickinginpersons_report_2006ver2.pdf United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. (2012). Gender and age of trafficking victims. In Human Trafficking. Retrieved on November 5, 2012 from http://www.unodc.org/toc/en/crimes/human-trafficking.html United Nations. (2000). Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children. Retrieved on November 5, 2012 from http://www.uncjin.org/Documents/Conventions/dcatoc/final_documents_2/convention_ %20traff_eng.pdf | GREAT RESOURCES Somaly Mam Foundation Love 146 Not for Sale Starfish Project Initiative Against Sexual Trafficking (IAST) – Salvation Army Slavery No More