FC: Animal Adaptations
1: Ms. Chmielewski's Animal Adaptations 2010-2011
2: Manatee A manatee is a huge aquatic animal. Manatees live in the ocean. Manatees are able to renew 90% of the air in their lungs with one breath. That means that manatees don’t have to come up for air that often. In order for the manatees to move around, they use their strong paddle like tail. Usually manatees only swim at a rate of 5 mph, but its strong tail helps it swim up to 15 mph. The manatees use their front flippers and muscular lips to bring plants to their mouth. This means that when it eats it is easy to eat things. These adaptations help the manatee survive in their natural habitat. By Belle Schultz
3: Koalas By: Sadie Shelton The Koala is a very interesting animal. Koalas live in eucalyptus forests in Australia. Koalas live in societies just like humans. Because of this Koalas need to be able to communicate with other Koalas. Koalas have strong limbs, which help them to survive by supporting their weight while climbing. They also have paws that are specially adapted and it helps them by, being able to grip and climb on trees. On their front paws, Koalas have two fingers that are opposed to their other three. These are like human thumbs. Koalas eat eucalyptus plants and it helps them by getting 90% of its hydration from the plant. These adaptations help the koala survive in its natural habitat.
4: Common Garter Snake My animal is a common garter snake. It lives in forests, fields, prairies, streams, wetlands, meadows, marshes and ponds. My animal has no appendages. This helps my animal survive by slithering in grass, and other plants and rocks. Common garter snakes have an unusually flexible jaw. This enables it to swallow objects several times bigger than its own diameter. They have teeth directed backwards. This helps them direct its food the right way. It also has a forked tongue, which enables them to smell. Now you know some interesting adaptations about the common garter snake. By: DYLAN NELSON
5: Emu The Emu lives in hot areas of Australia. Emus have multi folded nasal passages. This helps them breathe in cold weather. The emu has strong legs and can run as fast as 50 kph. This helps it hunt and get away from predators. The emu can pant for long lengths of time. This helps them in hot weather so that they can stay cool. These adaptations help the emu survive in the wild. By David Buchanan
6: Cheetah Cheetahs live all over the world. They live in North America and all the way to India. They also live in open land. Cheetahs are very fast and use speed to chase its prey easily. Cheetahs also use their claws to pounce on their prey and they can run up to 70 miles per hour. Cheetahs have spots on its coat to blend in to their surroundings. They also have night vision eyes to help it see at night so they can catch their prey. Cheetahs are very fascinating to learn about and these adaptations help them survive in the wild. By: Cerina Sor
7: Chipmunks Chipmunks have a very interesting habitat. They live in North America in deciduous woodlands, forest edges, and bushes. Chipmunk’s feet have sharp nails so they can run fast and can climb trees so that they can get away from predators. Chipmunk’s hair is brown so they can blend into the wood and trees, which makes them harder to see. Chipmunks have fat cheeks because they can carry more food to bring to its habitat and store it for winter. These adaptations help the chipmunk it survive in the wild. By: Veda Maas
8: Desert Hairy Scorpion The desert hairy scorpion lives in savannas, deciduous forests, mountains, pine forests, rain forests, and caves. Scorpions have been found at elevations of over 12,000 ft. It has yellow pinchers with brown hairs covering their bodies for scaring the predators away, and for feeling its way through the dark. It has a tail with poison in the tip that is the stinger. It stings its prey if necessary. The desert scorpion has an exoskeleton that glows when held in a black light. This helps it survive by surprising its enemies. Also, it has four pairs of legs that help it survive by moving around. These help the desert hairy scorpion survive in its natural habitat. By: Wyatt Alexander Miller
9: The Crocodile By: Joey Anderson The crocodile lives in warm waters either in saltwater or brackish water. Brackish water is saltwater and freshwater mixed. It has the ability to do the death roll, which is a form of an attack that the crocodile uses to kill the animal. The crocodile is more viscous than the alligator and bigger. They are stealthier and are ambush hunters which means they wait for prey to come near them. The crocodile has very sharp teeth so it is very easy to get through skin. These adaptations help the crocodile survive in the wild.
10: Beavers The beaver lives in lakes and rivers and builds dams to live in. An adaptation of the Beaver is its valves that close. The valves that close help the beavers dive deeper and stay under water longer. Another adaptation is gnawing on trees and on bark. This helps the Beavers teeth stay short. One more is it has hind webbed feet which helps the beaver swim faster. These adaptations help the beaver survive in its natural habitat. By: Miranda Coffman
11: Black Bears By: Serenity Remackel A black bear's habitat is where there is a lot of open space, a river full of salmon, a cave, or a forest. Black bears have teeth that help them catch fish. Black bears eat berries, salmon, acorns, and nuts. The black bear has sharp claws to climb trees. They also use their claws to catch food. They have to drink water so they don’t dehydrate and suffer. Black bears have strong legs to reach fruit above them, and to run to catch their prey. They also have excellent hearing and sight. These features help black bears survive in the wild.
12: Black Wolf By: Jordyn Kusske Black wolves are one of the most wide ranging land animals. They occupy a wide variety of habitats, from arctic tundra to forests, prairie and arid landscapes. Black wolves have a skill to run fast. It helps them hunt and run away from predators. Canine teeth help them tear flesh. This helps them fight against predators and eat. They have a simple stomach, which allows them to not have to eat for two weeks. These adaptations allow the black wolf to survive in their habitat.
13: Chameleon By: Cassie Bakeoven Chameleons can be found in rainforests and grasslands in Africa. They are found in shrubs and trees. About half of the worlds 135 chameleon species call Madagascar home. Chameleons use their long, coiled tongue to catch insects. Their tongues are very sticky which help them catch insects. Chameleons have five fingers on each hand and five toes on each foot. This helps the chameleon hold on tightly to the branch. The two main functions of the chameleon’s tail are to help with balance and support. This way the chameleon does not fall out of trees. Chameleons also shed their skin. These adaptations help the chameleon survive in its natural habitat.
14: Emperor Tamarin Monkey By: Joslynn Larock Emperor tamarins are found in many types of Amazon forests. Their territories are found in areas with 70 to 80 acres of open woodlands. Emperor tamarins usually dwell in trees below 90 feet. The emperor tamarin is very light weight and small in size which helps them get to the end of branches and twigs where larger monkeys and animals are not able to. Since they are so small in size they are quick and shifty leapers, helping them to catch their prey and escape from their predators. Two thirds of the female emperor tamarins are called trichomats, which means they see only three colors and that helps them to detect ripe fruit. The rest of the females and all the males are dichromatic, they can only see two colors. This helps emperor tamarin monkeys survive by giving them an advantage to detecting predators and prey which are camouflage. The emperor tamarin lives in groups of two to eight monkeys. This helps these monkeys survive by being able to stick together and protect one another. All of these adaptations help these monkeys survive in their natural habitat.
15: FLAMINGO By: Reed Ellingson The flamingos most common habitats are large alkaline, or saline lakes, or estuarine lagoons that usually lack vegetation. Flamingos are able to fly so they can get away from predators. The flamingo has webbed feet so it can swim at the surface while feeding. When flamingos sleep they sit down with their legs tucked beneath them or rest on one leg. This helps the flamingo survive while resting. Flamingos tuck their face into the wind. This stops wind and rain from penetrating their fathers. These adaptations help flamingos to survive in their natural habitat.
16: Red Fox By: Ben Knapper The red fox prefers a diverse habitat of intermixed cropland, rolling farmland, brush, pastures, mixed hard woods, and edges at open areas that provide suitable hunting grounds. The fox has sharp claws to dig their dens and to dig into the ground to bury their food. They have sharp teeth, which help them to shred and tear their food. The red fox eats meat and plants since they are omnivores. Their long legs are good for running quickly while chasing prey. These adaptations help the fox survive in its natural habitat.
17: Lion By: Luke Hannan The lion likes grassy plains, savannas, and semi-deserts. Lions live mainly in southeastern Africa. Lions have very quick reflexes to help catch up with their prey. The lion also has sharp claws to kill its prey. The claws also help with defending itself. Lions have great hearing. This helps them hear if there is danger near. The African lion has yellow-brown fur to camouflage them from their prey.
18: HAWKS By: Alec Reichel Most hawks live in high branches in the forest, sometimes in the desert and marsh. Hawks have wings, which allow them to fly and catch their prey. They have good eyesight that helps them hunt their prey. The hawk’s head can turn almost all the way around which also helps them hunt. These features help the hawk in its natural habitat.
19: Ostrich By Sydney Grunklee Ostriches live in parts of Africa. They live in dry areas with little vegetation or by sand flats, grasslands, and rugged mountains. Ostriches have long legs that are very powerful and enable the ostrich to run 45 mph to escape from predators. They also have toed feet that help with speed and agility as well as making it easier for them to walk on different landscapes .The ostrich has interesting eyes that are almost on the side of there heads giving them a good view almost 360 degrees around them so they know when danger is coming. They have long necks to help them pick food up off the ground. These adaptations help the ostrich survive in its natural habitat.
20: The Painted Turtle By: Emily Goetz The Painted Turtle lives in southern Canada, Northern Mexico and almost everywhere in-between. They live in ponds, lakes and marshes. The painted turtle has sharp teeth, which helps the turtle kill its prey. The painted turtle has a large shell. This helps the painted turtle stay alive if predators try and attack it. Painted turtles sleep and don’t breath normal during the winter. This helps the turtle stay away from winter predators and survive the cold. These features help the painted turtle survive in its natural habitat.
21: Porcupines By: Andrew Pauly The porcupine is a fascinating creature. The habitats of a porcupine vary depending on what kind it is. Porcupines may live in forests, deserts, on rocky outcrops, hillsides and grasslands. Porcupines may even live in altitudes up to 3,700 miles of the ground. Porcupines have black to brownish-yellow fur. The colors also vary, but that depends on were it lives. The colors of a porcupine help it blend in to its surroundings so it can hide from predators. To protect itself from predators, porcupines have long sharp quills. If a predator tries to touch or threaten a porcupine it would slap it with its tail [its quills are the longest there]. The porcupine has tough hairless pads on its feet which help it to climb trees. They climb trees to get away from predators and to forage for food. These features, or adaptations, help the porcupine survive in the wild.
22: The Macaroni Penguin By: Ismael Toovi The macaroni penguin lives in Antarctica. They eat krill and other small fish. They have feathers to protect them from the cold, which helps them stay warm while on land. They are also able to defend themselves from predators. They have layers of fat under their skin that keep them warm when they are in the water. These adaptations help the macaroni penguin survive in the wild.
23: The Puma By: Colton Schusted The puma is found in mountain forests sixteen thousand feet above sea level. The puma is also found in British Columbia and Patagonia. The puma is a good climber and jumper. This helps it catch its prey. This animal has great sense of smell and hearing. This helps the puma track its prey. It has long sharp teeth which helps the puma hold on to its prey and tear at the flesh. These adaptations help the puma survive in the wild.
24: Tigers A tiger’s habitat should provide good cover for finding food. The Indian Himalayan mountain region has dense forests, which make a nice habitat for the tiger. The striped coat helps it blend in well with the sunlight that comes through the treetops. Tigers have sharp hearing, and can even hear infrasound, which are sound waves. When tigers are really hot , they go into shade and lay in water. Tiger are the only cat that likes water. Going into the water allows them to stay cool in the hot heat. These adaptations help the tiger survive in the wild. By Sarah Senlycki
25: The Keel Billed Toucan By: Daniel Forslund The keel billed toucan lives in tropical rainforests. One adaptation is that its colors camouflage itself despite its bright colors. Another adaptation is its beak, it will peck fruit which is what the toucan eats. However, the toucan will not attack predators with its beak. The last adaptation is the toucan’s claws, the toucan will attack its predators with its claws. The claws are also perfect for jumping from branch to branch. These adaptations help the toucan survive in their natural habitat.
26: The Bald Eagle By: Shane Williams Bald eagles live up high in trees. They also live by water so they can fly down and catch fish. The bald eagle has excellent eyesight. The bald eagle can fly very high and descend very fast to catch its prey. Bald eagles have hollow bones, which makes them lighter so it's easier to fly. They also have very strong beaks and talons for catching and devouring their prey. These features help the bald eagle survive in its habitat.
27: Gorillas By: Zac Koutek The gorilla lives in Africa's tropical and subtropical forests. Gorillas have fingers that help them pick things up and they have opposable thumbs. The gorilla has special bacteria in the colon that helps break down plant material that other animals can't. Lastly, when it gets cold, the gorilla's hair keeps them warm. These features help the gorilla survive in its natural habitat.
28: Bison By: Adam McClure Bison live in several U.S. states, a few are Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Texas. Bison have hooves that help them run quickly so that they can escape from predators. Hooves also help bison dig. Bison have a heavy fur coat. This helps the buffalo stay warm in the winter. The fur also protects bison from predator attacks. Bison also have horns which help attack and kill its prey. These features help the buffalo survive in its natural habitat.