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Civil War; Antietam.

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FC: Civil War; Cassie Hamilton & Shelby Roberts.

1: Battle of Antietam. | The Battle of Antietam, otherwise known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South, was taken place on September 17th, 1862. It was near Sharpsburg, Maryland, and Antietam Creek, being part of the Maryland Campaign. The Battle of Antietam was on the Northern soil. It was the first major battle of the American Civil War. The battle is known to be the bloodiest single day battle in American history. It ended with around 23,000 casulties. Gen. McClellan of the Union army launched attacks against Gen. Lee of Confederacy. The union forced the Confederate Army to retreat back across the Potomac River. Burnside’s corps finally got into action, crossing the stone bridge over Antietam Creek and rolling up the Confederate from the right. Gen. Lee refused to give up, committing his army to the entire force. McClellan used three quarters of his army against Confederacy, outnumbering them two-to-one. Ignoring the crippling casulties, Lee fought through the 18th. Finally, Lee ordered the battered Army of Northern Virginia to withdraw across the Potomac into the Shenandoah Valley. The result of who won, is still inconclusive but the north is thought to have won because of the lesser deaths. Lincoln saw this as a vctory and ruled the Emancipatitation Proclamation on September 22nd, 1862.

2: John Wilkes Booth was an american stage actor. Born on May 10th, 1838, and died April 26, 1865. Mostly known for successfully assassanating Abraham Lincoln. Both was born in Bel Air, Maryland, died in Virginia. His religion was Roman Catholic. As a child, Booth was athletic and popular. Skilled at horsemanship and fencing. Attended Bel Air Academy, and then went to two military schools. Leaving at age 14 when his father died. It is claimed that a palm reader read Booth's hand when he attended a school. They claimed Booth would have a grand but short life, and his life would have a bad end. At age 17, Booth made his stage debut. Playing the Earl of Richmond in Richard III at Baltimore's Charles Street Theater, owned by John T. Ford. Booth played his parts with such enthusiasm, so audiences started to idolize him. Critics called him the "handsomest man in America." The main thing that makes Booth a well known name, is he killed Abraham Lincoln. Being an actor, when Booth heard that Lincoln was going to attend a play at Ford Theater,m he took his opportunity. The day before the play, Booth watched Lincoln give a speech. John declared that this would be the last speech Lincoln ever gave. It wasn't until the day of April 14th, 1865, that Lincoln would be attending the play. Booth immediately started planning the assassination. He assassigned others to kill the Secretary of State and vice president. After shooting Lincoln, Booth jumped from Lincoln's box to the stage. He shouted, "Sic Semper Tyrannis", in Latin, in English it is translated to say, "As always to Tyrants." Booth ran to the back doo, and fled by horse. He soon died in a farmhouse in Virginia, 12 days after the shooting. | John Wilkes Booth.

3: Slavery; Pro and Cons. | Slavery, it was a big issue. Whether it was wrong or right. It was wrong, but there were some ups to slavery too. But there were more bad things about it. I'll name them all. So, let's start off with the good things. Slaves would be fed. They would have a home. Those were like the only good sides to slavery, for slaves. The others were only good for the owners. Like, they had someone to do their work. And it made the economy better, because whites were spending money on slaves. As I said, there were a ton of bad things. Slaves were separated from their families. Slavery is wrong, no matter what, all men are created equal. Slaves have no freedom. They were basically held captive. If they tried to escape they would probably be caught and killed. So, most people never see the good sides to slavery. They look past them. The bad things over power the good. Because no one should ever be a slave. But now you know the good and bad things of slavery.

4: Abraham Lincoln.

5: Was Lincoln an abolitionist? An abolitionist is the movement to end slavery. Abraham Lincoln, the sixteenth president, was against the idea of using people as slaves because of their color. Some argue whether Abe was an abolitionist or if he was just working through it to help his side of the war be successful. It really raised suspicion hen he stated that if he could have had the Union win and not free all the slaves, he would. Lincoln may have used slavery as a political tool in attempt to put an end the secession crisis. Some even believe the real purpose for barring the expansion of slavery was to provide the whites with more land. He saw the slave labor force as a back bone to the southern economy that was fueling the Confederacy effort. An important motivation behind his Emancipitation Proclamation was planned to cripple the southern economy. It is also known how Lincoln told a group of black leaders that though slavery was wrongly inflicted on their people, their race would only suffer trying to live as equals. Lincoln had the right opinion in war and life as to being against slavery. But, was he really against it as much as we thought?

6: Dred Scott was a slave who was relocated to Missouri with his new owner who had just bought him. Emerson ( Scott's new owner) took him with him to Illinois, and later took him with to present day Minnesota, back then, Wisconsin. Emerson allowed Scott to marry, which was rare for slaves, as they had no right to legal contracts. Emerson married Eliza Irene. Emerson died in 1843. Leaving all of his things to Eliza, including Scott. Scott attempted to purchase his freedom. Scott failed to purchase his freedom of himself and his family. So he tried again in 1846, with the help of the abolitionist legal advisers. Scott based his legal arguments on precedents. Scott claimed his presence and residence in free territories required his emancipation. Scott's case was dismissed in June 1847, because he failed to provide a witness. Scott was indeed a slave to Eliza. Scott was issued a new case at the end of 1847, but it did not start until 1850 due to a cholera outbreak. Scott sued again in 1853, now in a federal court. His case was finally taken seriously and went to the United States Supreme Court. The Dred Scott case is known as one of the most famous cases in history. Some like to think of it as a major turning point in the issue of national slaves.

7: Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, a supporter of slavery, wrote the "majority opinion" for the court. It stated that because Scott was African-American, he was not a citizen and had no right to sue. The decision also declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820, legislation which restricted slavery in certain territories unconstitutional. While this relieved people in the South, it enraged those in the North. The decision made the nomination of Abraham Lincoln for the Republican Party and his subsequent election easier to decide. This then led to the South's secession from the Union. The sons' of Peter Blow friends of Scott from childhood, had helped pay Scott's legal fees through the years. After the Supreme Court's announcement of their decision, the former master's sons bought Scott and his wife ans set them free. Scott died nine months later. It is unfair that just because he was African-American he could not sue, and wasn't a citizen, when he was living in the United States. | Dred Scott

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