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Civil War Scrapbook 5

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Civil War Scrapbook 5 - Page Text Content

FC: A Walk Through the Bloody Civil War Mrs. Sutton and Ms. Simmons 5th period United States History Class 2012

1: Photo credits on the front cover: Union soldier : Confederate Soldier : Slave Family :

2: Generals of Civil War | Union general: Ulysses S grant | | Southern general: Robert E Lee |

3: Fort Sumter | The fort is best known as the site upon which the shots initiating the American Civil War were fired | Federal fort commanded by Major Robert Anderson and taken by Confederate forces under the command of General Pierre G.T. Beauregard on April 12, 1861. This action began the Civil War. |

4: First Battle of Bull Run | First Battle of Bull Run, also known as First Manassas (the name used by Confederate forces), was fought on July 21, 1861, in Virginia, near the city of Manassas, Virginia. It was the first major land battle of the American Civil War. | Union: 2,896 (460 killed 1,124 wounded 1,312 captured/missing) | South: 1,982 (387 killed 1,582 wounded 13 missing) |

5: Weapons of War | Artillery: All firearms larger than small arms are known as artillery or cannon. Smoothbore or rifled cannons were mainly used. | Small Arms: Small arms included muskets, long-barreled shoulder arms; rifles, shoulder guns with spiral grooves cut into the inner surface of the barrel; carbines, short-barreled rifles; and handguns, including pistols and revolvers. | Minie Ball: half-inch lead rifle bullet |

6: Medicine During the war... | During the Civil War many people died of diseases due to low quantity of medicine. | Twice as many people died due to infected wounds than on the battle field. |

7: Clara Barton | She helped many wounded soldiers during the war. She established The American Red Cross in 1881. | Clara was known as the "Angel of the Battlefield. |

8: Soldiers life during the war... | The soldiers on the Union and Confederacy side were both badly fed and dressed. Black soldiers were treated worse. They got paid less and rarely fed, but most importantly, they had bad medical care which made the death rates higher due to infections and diseases. | | |

9: Shortages and loss of transportation in the South... | The Union cut off transportation on rivers like the Sabine. The south suffered food shortages due to this blockade. The Union also destroyed most of the south's railroad system, making it impossible for the south to transport supplies and food to the soldiers. |,_LA_IMG_0950.JPG/300px-Sabine_River_at_Logansport,_LA_IMG_0950.JPG

10: Conscription: At the beginning of the war manpower was plentiful due to volunteers, but as the war drug on, both governments found themselves in a tight spot. Men were being killed and wounded in battle much faster than they could be replaced. What to do? A draft seemed to be the only sensible solution. In 1862, the Union and the Confederacy passed similar conscription acts. The conscription laws forced men to serve their nation without their consent. The draft, as it was named, was not popular with the people.,r:3,s:0

11: Emancipation Proclamation: The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. The Proclamation declared “that all persons held as slaves,” (within the rebellious states) “are, and henceforward, shall be free.” It applied only to states that had seceded from the Union and left slavery untouched in the loyal border states. The Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation, but it did, however fundamentally change the character of the war. By the end of the war, almost 200,000 black soldiers and sailors had fought for the Union and their freedom.

12: African Americans were ready to fight in the Civil War, but Lincoln and Union leaders were not sure how they felt about enlisting black troops. By 1860, Fredrick Douglass was well known for his efforts to end slavery. During the Civil War, Douglass was a consultant to President Lincoln and helped convince him that slaves should serve in the Union forces and that the abolition of slavery should be a goal of the war. | On January 1, 1863, Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation clearly stated that Confederate slaves were free and they could serve in the Union army. By the end of the war, about 186,000 African American men had enlisted. |

13: In September of 1862, President Abraham Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation, which would take effect January 1, 1863 and free slaves in those states or regions still in rebellion against the Union. If any southern state returned to the Union between September and January, whites in that state theoretically would not lose ownership of their slaves. Despite its limits, free blacks, slaves, and abolitionists across the country hailed it as one of the most important actions on behalf of freedom in the nation’s history.

14: Gettysburg: It was known as the the turning point of the war. The south(Confederates) tried to invade the North. They needed supplies, wanted to pull the Union troops away from Vicksburg, Miss. They also wanted to tip the attitude in the north to Pro-Southern Democrats. Occurred from July 1st-3rd in 1863 Result: Union Victory!!! | Vicksburg: The Union wanted to cut the Confederacy in half down the MississippiRiver it was the last Confederate Hold-out They had a lack of FOOD!! Residents were forced to take shelter and starve (May 18th-July 4th, 1863) Result: Union Victory!!! |,r:0,s:0&tx=144&ty=21 |,r:4,s:15&tx=147&ty=54 | t,r:6,s:0 | t,r:7,s:0

15: Atlanta/ Savannah: Sherman's March through Georgia. It was a 60 mile wide path of destruction. There were 60 miles of pure ready to fight Soldiers! They burnt down Atlanta, but not Savannah because they thought that it was too beautiful to be burned. | Appomattox Courthouse They fought (verbally) on the morning of April 9th, 1865. It was the Final engagement of the Confederate Civil War. The Confederacy surrendered (the south) Lincoln let the Confederacy soldiers and Their officers got permission to go home! | a |,r:7,s:0courthouse | 7,r:5,s:0 |,r:11,s:0

16: ESTIMATES FOR 1861-'62. EXPENDITURE. Expenditure for first quarter $98,239,733 Estimated expenditure for second, third, and fourth quarters, according to acts of extra session 302,035,761 Additional appropriations now asked for 143,130,927 Total $543,406,422 REVENUE. Ordinary revenue from customs, etc .......................................................$36,809,731 Revenue from direct tax ................20,000,000 Borrowed already .........................197,242,588 Balance of loans authorized ..........75,449,675 Deficit ...........................................213,904,427 .....................................................$543,406,422 ESTIMATES FOR 1862-'63. EXPENDITURE. Civil list $23,086,971 Interior Department 4,102,962 War 360,159,986 Navy 45,164,994 Public debt 42,816,330 Total $475,331,245 REVENUE. Customs, etc, ...............................$45,800,000 Direct taxes .....................................50,000,000 Deficit ...............................379,531,245 ...................................................... |

17: | | Lincoln's Assassination: | On the evening of April 14, 1865, while attending a special performance of the comedy, "Our American Cousin," President Abraham Lincoln was shot. Accompanying him at Ford's Theater that night were his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, a twenty-eight year-old officer named Major Henry R. Rathbone, and Rathbone's fiancée, Clara Harris. After the play was in progress, a figure with a drawn derringer pistol stepped into the presidential box, aimed, and fired. The president slumped forward. | The assassin, John Wilkes Booth, dropped the pistol and waved a dagger. Rathbone lunged at him, and though slashed in the arm, forced the killer to the railing. Booth leapt from the balcony and caught the spur of his left boot on a flag draped over the rail, and shattered a bone in his leg on landing. Though injured, he rushed out the back door, and disappeared into the night on horseback. | At almost the same moment Booth fired the fatal shot, his accomplice, Lewis Paine, attacked Lincoln's Secretary of State, William Henry Seward. Seward lay in bed, recovering from a carriage accident. Paine entered the mansion, claiming to have a delivery of medicine from the Secretary's doctor. Seward's son, Frederick, was brutally beaten while trying to keep Paine from his father's door. Paine slashed the Secretary's throat twice, and then fought his way past Seward's son Augustus, an attending hospital corps veteran, and a State Department messenger.

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  • By: Terri M.
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Civil War Scrapbook 5
  • This scrapbook will include information about the causes and events of the Civil War. It will focus on major events while also spotlighting key people from the war period.
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  • Started: over 6 years ago
  • Updated: over 6 years ago