S: Breaking into The Constitution By Abigail Freeman
BC: 2011 | I would like to thank Mr. Kauffman for giving us this project. I found it a great learning opportunity and am glad I got to do it. I now know more about the Constitution than I ever have.
FC: Breaking into The Constitution | By: Abbie Freeman
1: Home of the free...Because of the Brave | Breaking into The Constitution By: Abbie Freeman Social Studies 5th Period 12/7/11
2: Remembering: Definitions of the Word Constitution | 1. The wellness of ones health 2. Creating something 3. A written or typed document 4. A set of principles established according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed. 5. In the process of constituting 6. A certain way an object is made up
3: Understanding: How a Bill Becomes a Law | The House or Senate introduces a bill | ~~~> | The committee debates, amends, vetoes, and votes on the bill | ~~~> | Committee does the floor action which requires a majority vote | ~~~> | Bill goes to next chamber | The committee of the second chamber amends, debates, vetoes, and votes on the bill | The chamber then does the floor action which requires a majority vote | If the bill passes with amendment if goes to the conference committee then to the President | President | If the bill passes without amendment it goes straight to the President | The bill becomes a law when it is left unsigned for 10 days while congress is in session or the President vetoes it but the congress has enough votes to override the President | The bill fails to become a law when left unsigned for 10 and congress isn't in session or the President vetoes it and congress doesn't have enough votes to override the President | ~~~> | l V | l V | <~~~~~~> | <~~~ | l V | l V | ~~~> | l l V | <~~~~~~> | ~~~> | This process is the same for formulating state laws except for one part. The part that isn't the same is that a state law goes to the governor not the President.
4: Legislative Branch ~ House of Representatives and Senate ~ The House and Senate can veto each others bills | Executive Branch ~ The President ~ Executive office of the President ~ Executive and cabinet departments ~Independent government agencies | Judicial Branch ~The Courts ~Supreme courts ~ Courts appeal ~ District courts | The Congress approves Presidential nominations and controls the budget. It can pass laws over the President's vetoes and can impeach the President and remove him or her from office. | ~~~~~~~~~~~> | ~~~~~~~~~~~> | ~~~~~~~~~~~> | ~~~~~~~~~~~> | The President can veto congressional legislation | ~~~~~~~~~~~> | ~~~~~~~~~~~> | The Court can declare laws unconstitutional | The Court can declare presidential acts unconstitutional | The Senate confirms the President's nominations. Congress can impeach judges and remove them from office | The President nominates judges.
5: U.S. Constitution | ~Establish government ~Have laws ~People must abide by them ~Living documents ~ Established after Revolutionary War ~ Purpose was to provide an orderly environment | Articles of Confederation | ~ Senate and House ~Requires taxes ~Court systems ~Congress can regulate trade ~ Executive power ~Senate 2 votes per state ~ House votes based on population ~Congress can raise an army to deal with military situations ~Federal court system ~Constitution is the supreme law ~To approve laws 50% + 1 of both houses and the signature of the president to pass laws | Analyzing: | ~ Congress can request states to pay taxes ~ No federal court system ~No provision to regulate trade ~No executive power ~Each state receives 1 vote ~Congress could not draft troops ~Complicated system of arbitration ~ Sovereignty resides in states ~ 9/13 states needed to approve laws
6: Amendment 1: Amendment 1 states that the people of the Unites States of American have freedom of speech,press,religion,assembly, and petition. We use this amendment to be able to have any religion we want and protest against things we think are unfair or unjust. | Amendment 2: Amendment 2 states that we the people have the right to own fire arms. When we reach the age of 21 we get a permit to own and carry a gun to protect ourselves and hunt. | Evaluating: Amendment Bookmarks | Amendment 3: The third amendment states that the government can't for the people to house troops. This is being used when our troops get back from Iran and Iraq. | Amendment 6: This amendment states that the person being charged has the right to a quick and fair trial. We use this now to make sure the felons have suffer for the crime they committed. | Amendment 8: This states that felons must not have excessive bail or unusual cruel punishment. We use this so the prisoners don't have to just die for what they did. They need to feel guilty and suffer the consequences of their actions. | Amendment 10: Amendment 10 states that any power not given to the national government or state government is given to the people We use this to be able to keep our freedom and do what we please | Amendment 12: This amendment states that the president and vice president will be voted for separately. This is being used to elect our current president and vice president
7: Amendment 19: This amendment states that women have the right to vote. We currently use this so the women in our country can elect government officials and the President. | Amendment 22: This amendment states that the President can serve only two terms. This is used today because our presidents can run only two terms. | Amendment 26: Amendment 26 states you must be 18 to vote. Today people become adults at 18 and our able to vote.
8: Creating: Re-arranging The Bill of Rights | Actual Number | My Number | Why its that way | 2 | 1 | I believe the right bare arms is the most important because we use guns to protect ourselves. | 1 | 2 | Our freedom of press,speech,assembly, and religion is the second most important because if we couldn't stand up for ourselves and believe what we want then we wouldn't be a free nation. | 3 | 4 | I believe that the government can't for us to house troops is the fourth most important because we shouldn't have to live with strangers. | 4 | I think the police shouldn't be allowed to search us without a warrant is the third most important because its an invasion of privacy | 3 | 5 | 6 | 6 | 5 | I think that the right to a speedy trial is the sixth most important because if the person is innocent they shouldn't have to wait months to have a trial. | I believe the rights of an accused person is the fifth most important because someone could accuse you of a crime just because they don't like you and then you would have to wait in prison for a trial for no reason.
9: Actual Number | My Number | Why its that way | 7 | 9 | I think the rights that are not listed are given to the people are the seventh most important because if it wasn't that way we wouldn't have a democratic nation, but a dictatorship nation. | 10 | 8 | I believe that the power not given to the government is the eighth most important because having our own power makes us stronger and free. | 8 | 9 | I believe that felons shouldn't have excessive bail and cruel unusual punishments is the ninth most important because they need stay in prison for a long time. | 7 | 10 | I thing the right to a jury trial in civil cases is the least important because all cases should have a jury trial in my opinion.