FC: Discovering Cultural Diversity in the United States of America
1: Mindy Hobbs | The United States of America is considered the melting pot of cultures! Lets take a tour through two cultures that are big in the U.S. 1. Hispanic Culture 2. Asian Culture
2: Hispanic Culture | Holiday Traditions | Mexican Independence Day Mexican Priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costillo wanted the arrest of Spanish settlers living in Delores This started a revolution that lasted 11 years. In 1821 Mexico claimed independence from Spain! | Dia de los Muertos or Day of the Dead On November 1-2, Family and Friends gather to remember those close to them who have died.
3: Puerto Rican Emancipation Day Emancipation is when the slaves were set free. This day is celebrated on March 22nd. | Cinco de Mayo They celebrate the victory over the French at the battle of Pueblo on May 5, 1862. The French army was better armed and larger but Mexico still defeated them. Now every May 5th. there are parades, music, and lots of celebrations.
4: Piñatas are decorated containers filled with candy and toys. They are suspended in the air to be broken by blindfolded kids with sticks. Piñatas are used as part of Christmas and birthday celebrations in certain Latin-American countries.
5: A Quinceañera is the Latina coming-of-age celebration on a girl's 15th birthday. The word "quinceañera" comes from the Spanish words "quince" for 15 and "años" for years. It may remind you of a wedding or prom. | Family is very important in the Hispanic Culture!
6: Traditional Foods | Traditional Hispanic food is full of flavor and a variety of textures. They have many different characteristics, but one of the main things is that it tends to be spicy! Here are some traditional Hispanic dishes. Moles: Pronounced Mo-lay, the name of this dish comes from the Aztec word for mixture. It is a mixture of dried chiles, nuts, seeds, vegetables, spices and chocolate. Tortillas are flat bread that is made of wheat flour or masa and forms the base of tons of tasty Mexican dishes like enchiladas, burritos and fajitas. Ceviche is a Mexican dish of raw fish marinated in lime juice, often in a chopped salad. Poc Chuc is a Yucatecan specialty made with pork fillet cooked with tomatoes, onions and spices. Menudo is a type of soup. Tamales are very popular as well.
7: Most Common Religion | Language | Spanish is the primary language. More than 90% of the Spanish-speaking world is Roman Catholic. | Seventy percent of the Hispanic population is concentrated in four states - California, Texas, New York, and Florida. Mexican is the largest ethnic subdivision of Hispanics in the United States, comprising about 63.3%, followed by Central and South American (14.4%), Puerto Rican (10.6%), Cuban (4.2%), and other Hispanics (7.4%).
8: Asian Culture | Holiday Traditions | Chinese New Year is celebrated in a lot of countries and is celebrated on January 22nd. It celebrates the first day of the Chinese Lunar Calendar and is the most important yearly festival for the Chinese. Each year is named after one of the 12 animals of the Chinese Zodiac.
9: Origami is the art of folding paper. While it is quite popular in Japan, it is believed to have originated in China in the first century AD. One of the most popular origami shapes is the crane. The crane is thought to be a sacred animal in Japan and legend has it that if you fold 1,000 paper cranes, your wish will come true. | Ching Ming Festival is a Chinese holiday, celebrated on April 5th. Ching, in Chinese, means pure or clean and Ming means brightness. Most people call this holiday grave-sweeping day because people head to the cemetery to clean graves. | Holi is a spring festival that is celebrated throughout India. For two days, people party by dropping powdered colors from the rooftops, drench each other with balloons filled with colored water and have huge feasts. This festival is held to celebrate the defeat of the mythical creature, Holika. Holi starts off with a big bonfire to help clear the leaves and twigs of the autumn that has just past.
10: Dim Sum is a traditional Chinese meal that consists of lots of small dishes of a bunch of different kinds of foods, including steamed or fried dumplings. Tea plays a major role in Asian culture - whether it's in China, India or Malaysia - tea ceremonies, in their various forms, are a major part of most Asian cultures. | Traditional Foods
11: There are MANY languages spoken in Asia. Most common are Chinese, Japanese, Vietnamese, Armenian, Mandarin, Hindi, Hebrew, Korean, and MANY, more! | Languages: Spoken and Written
12: Most Common Religions | At the moment the Asian culture is showing about 21 percent Catholic. There is a high percent of Agnostic at 20.2 percent. So, many of those in the Asian culture are not religious at all. There is a surprisingly low amount of Asia religion such as Buddhist, Muslim and Jewish in the Asian culture here in the US. In fact respectively the numbers read as 9.1, 5.8, and .04 percent. Protestant is the next highest Asia religion practiced in the US at 9.6 percent. That is very low compared to the top two practices in Asian culture.
16: TEKS: 126.3. Technology Applications, Grades 3-5 (b) Knowledge and skills (1) Creativity and innovation. The student uses creative thinking and innovative processes to construct knowledge and develop digital products. The student is expected to: (A) create original products using a variety of resources, (B) developing steps for the creation of an innovative process or product and 113.16. Social Studies, Grade 5 (b) Knowledge and skills (22) Culture. The student understands the contributions of people of various racial, ethnic, and religious groups to the United States. The student is expected to: (A) identify the similarities and differences within and among various racial, ethnic, and religious groups in the United States; (B) describe customs and traditions of various racial, ethnic, and religious groups in the United States.
17: Works Cited: http://www.kidzworld.com/article/4973-hispanic-culture-and-traditions# http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/5237.html http://www.kidzworld.com/article/5001-asian-culture-and-traditions http://www.asianamericanalliance.com/Asian-American-Religion-Spirituality-and-Faith.html http://www.asianamericanalliance.com/Asian-American-Religion-Spirituality-and-Faith.html