S: Digital Communication Systems
BC: DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS
FC: D.C.S. for Dudes By: Doug Gibson
1: Tips Rule 1: Listen To The Teacher Rule 2: Pay Attention Rule 3: Don't fall behind Rule 4: Keep on task Rule 5: Help others Rule 6: Use resources well Rule 7: Study and work hard Rule 8: Follow instructions Rule 9: Ask questions Rule 10: Have some fun too!
3: Objective 1 Computer Fundamentals
4: Three Components of a Computer System Hardware, Software, Application Software The Four Types of Software Commercial Software, Freeware, Shareware, Public Domain Software Four Types of Hardware Input Devices, CPU, Output Devices, and Storage Devices
5: Viruses and their Types Bomb, Phage, Trojan Horse, and Hoax Bomb goes off at a specific time. Worm takes a little memory at a time. Phage happens on a database, operating system, or PDA. Trojan Horse looks like something good but contains a virus. Hoax is a virus that is a trick.
6: Objective 2 Keyboarding
8: Objective 3 Speech Recognition
9: Speech Recognition Vocabulary Accent Acoustic Model Automatic Speech Recognizer (ASR) Carpel tunnel Syndrome Continuous Speech Recognition(CSR) Dictation Mode Discrete Speech Dragon Jargon Language Bar Lernout & Hauspie Natural Language Technology (NLT) Naturally Speaking New Line command New Paragraph Command Phrase Profile
10: Vocabulary Continued Pronunciation Repetitive Strain Injury(RSI) Say What You See Scratch That Speech Balloon Speech Dictionary Speech Vocabulary Train USB ViaVoice Voice Command Mode Voice Xpress
11: Speech Recognition I believe that speech recognition is very useful. Many people thought it would be fun, but were very frustrated by it. I thought it would be fun and I was correct. I really liked it because for once, my hands weren't cramping up. All I had to do was talk to it. It saved a lot of time, typing, and most importantly pain. Speech recognition is great in my opinion and many others thought that. Sure it's not perfect, it will miss a word every once in a while, but my speech recognition had spectacular accuracy! Through proper training speech recognition can be fun. It is really useful and I hope one day that more people will be open to try it.
12: Objective 4 Alternative Input Devices
13: Here are some Alternative Input Devices... Keyboards Controllers/Joysticks The Stylus USB Flash Drives Environmental Control Units Microphones PDA's Tablet PC's Camcorders and More!
14: Controllers/Joysticks The first electrical 2-axis joystick was invented about 1944, which was made in Germany. The first controller was invented in 1985 in Japan. There are many types of controllers: Keyboard, mouse, gamepad, paddle, handheld, steering wheel, touch screen, motion sensing, wireless, instrument, gun, etc. They were made for fun and profit, on the other hand the joystick was originally for fighter planes but later adapted to video games for fun. The average controller or joystick can cost anywhere from $19.99-$39.99 and up.
15: The Stylus A Stylus is a "Stick" that is used for PDA's and Tablet PC's and is very useful for artists. The first stylus was used by Mesopotamians to write in cuneiform. They were made of copper reeds, bones, or metal. Until the 19Th century they had only been used on a wax covered plate. Now they are used for many things which include artwork and even some video games.
16: USB Flash Drives A USB is a type of storage device. They have virtually replaced CD's and floppy disks. Over the years they continue to drop in price while gaining more storage and speed. They come in many shapes, sizes, and colors. The most common is black and rectangular, but some look like other items or things. They are simply plugged into a computer and move or transfer data. People that would use them would be like a business man, or a student, or anyone really.
17: Environmental Control Units (ECU) It is a device (like a smart house) that controls everyday tasks around a house such as lighting, television, radios and many other things. It is very useful for disabled people and are often voice activated. They cost a lot of money but seem to be very helpful. Anyone can use them but are usually the most helpful to disabled people. It also does simple things like turning off lights when you leave the house or turning them on as you enter.
18: Tablet PC's Is similar to a laptop with a pullout screen and touch screen or a slate. Can be used with a stylus, digital pen, or finger. Tablet PC's were first announced by Microsoft in 2001. A tablet PC can be used by anyone and are used for work, jobs, or even just fun! Some good things are that they are light weight, portable, and can be written on instead of typed. Some bad things about them are that they can be easily scratched, they have moving parts that break, and cost twice as much as a regular laptop.
19: Digital Camcorders An electronic input device that can upload videos onto a computer. Primarily designed to capture videos. The firs camcorder was the Sony Beta Movie, which was introduced in 1983. Anyone can use these and for many different reasons. They capture videos then can be put in a flash drive or hard drive. They can be big or very small and portable. They record, play back videos, can be watched on a TV, sync with a computer, zoom in/out, and add color effects.
20: The GPS A GPS is a U.S. - Space based navigation system. It positions, tracks, and finds things. Anyone can use a GPS. For anyone that has a GPS system, it can provide accurate location and time. Some even tell weather and temperature. Most people that have a GPS travel a lot or just have no sense of direction.
21: Phone Generations 1G signifies the first- generation of wireless analog phones that originated in the 1980's. Analog Mobile Phone Service (AMPS). Martin Cooper invented the first mobile phone. 2G is second- generation and is when GSM (Global System for Mobile communications) first appeared. It also introduced SMS or text messaging. The first text message was sent to Finland in 1993. 3G features high-speed transmission, multimedia access, and global roaming. It allows IP access while being mobile with your device.
22: Phone Generations continued... 1G 2G
24: Objective 9 Leadership
25: Accountability & Victimization Some signs of Victimization are: Using confusion as an excuse. Unwillingness to ask questions. Viewing the world as a pessimist. Repeatedly becoming defensive and so on. Below the Line Wait and see, Ignore/Deny, It's not my job, Finger Pointing, Confusion tell me what to do, Cover your tail, Wait and See. Steps to Accountability are : (These are above the line) See it, Own it, Solve it, Do it.
26: Some Victim phrases are: I don't see any problem. It's not my job. That's unfair. I didn't because... No one else ever does that! What more can I do? Etc.
27: The Steps Step 1: (See It) See the truth of the situation. Step 2: (Own It) Become accountable for your part in the situation. Decide to face the situation and deal with it effectively. Step 3: (Solve It) Be accountable for finding a solution. Focus on your goal and involve others wherever they are affected. Step 4: (Do It) Implement the solution. Embrace your full responsibility for results and remain answerable for your progress in attaining those results.
28: Objective 5 Word Processing
29: Letters E-mails and Memos Business letters can be divided into two groups: Business Letters, and Personal Business Letters. The difference is who you are representing, if you represent yourself it is personal. If a whole company or business, (Ex. Highland) it is Business.
30: The basic parts are: Return Address Date (Write out) Letter Address Salutation Body Complimentary Close Name of Writer
31: Paragraphs are double spaced in Block Style and don't need to be indented. Business letter special parts: Mailing Notations Attention Line Subject Line Copy Notation Postscript Notation
32: Memos Memos are easy to do you can just use the default in Windows. The order is: TO: FROM: CC: DATE: RE: MESSAGE:
33: Reports: Unbound reports are short reports without binders and stuff. Bound reports are longer and need a binder or something holding them together. For Academics no title page is needed.
34: In reports they all have a title page, table of contents, outline, and bibliography or references. Margins are usually 2" on the top first page, 1" on sides, on the second page the top margin is 1", and bottom is 1" depending on page breaks.
35: Tables: They are easy to make by using the default ones and then organizing data in columns and rows. Also, they will have a main title and subtitles.
36: Paragraph Headings Headings are always in capitals and bold. There are 2" margins upward and 1" to 1.5" on the sides depending on what style the report or paper is.
37: Letters Continued: Guidelines for business letters Personal Business Letter (Block Style) Basic parts: Return Address Date (Write out) Letter Address Salutation (Dear) Body Complimentary Close (Sincerely) (then quadruple space for signature) Name of Writer
38: Letters continued...Again: Block style everything starts on the left margin Paragraphs don’t have to be indented because of double space Margins 1” side margins 2” top margin or may be centered vertically with Center Page feature 1” bottom margin Special Parts Reference Initials Attachments Enclosure notation(s)
39: Attachments: Attachments are supposed to be somehow attached to the letter (by paperclip or stapled) Enclosure are not attached and are referenced in the letter (in the envelope) Formal Business Letter (Modified Block Style) Basic Parts: Letterhead Date Letter Address Salutation Body Complimentary Close Name of Writer
40: Report Notes: Unbound Report Business: Short reports without binders and stuff. Margins: Top margin on first page is 2” Top margin on succeeding pages are 1” Side margins are 1 Bottom margin is 1 but may vary depending on Page breaks. Avoid widows and orphans.
41: More Notes: Center the title of the report in all caps then quadruple space after it before beginning report. Double space the body of the report Side headings are underlined and keyed in initial caps. (Main Entries) Outline Paragraph headings are indented .5” from the left margin and end with a period Capitalize the letter unless proper noun. (Secondary entries) Outline Key references/bibliography on the last page or on a separate page of the report in hanging indent style
42: Notes: To cite sources use textual citations within the report or key endnotes on the last page or on separate page, citing is stating your sources Page numbers (usually preceded by a last name) are located at the top right margin; .5” from the top, followed by a double space, the first page is usually not numbered If it is a quote or near one it must be cited in the source Footnotes is a type of citing
43: Bound Reports: Bound Report (Business) Typically longer reports are bound with covers or binders Top, right bottom margins are the same as for an unbound report The left margin is increased to 1.5” to accommodate the binding Academic: No title page is used for Academic style reports. Instead key a heading in the top left corner on the first page. Double space between lines and include the following:
44: Academic Continued: Name of Student Name of instructor Course title Date in military style (21 November 2004) Double-space the body of the report-no exceptions Outlines a type of enumeration that organizes information The top margins is 2” or vertically centered All other margins are the same as the report Main and side entries or headings are used to organize information
45: Formatting for Main Entries in an Outline Preceded by capital Roman numerals (I, II, III, etc.) Use all caps or initial caps and BOLD Double space before and after a main entry Formatting for Secondary Entries in an Outline Preceded by capital letters (A, B, C, etc.) Key important words in initial caps Lower level entries are preceded by Arabic numbers (1, 2, 3, etc.) and lower-case letters (a, b, c, etc.) only capitalize the 1st letter of the 1st word when keying these. Single space all secondary entries
46: Title Page: Title page (Cover Page) only in a business report not an academic report Center the page horizontally and vertically Include the following information (minimum): Report title Writer’s name Date The course name and teacher’s name may also be included
47: Table of Contents: Table of Contents: an outline of the side and paragraph headings in a report with their respective page numbers Follows the title page Margins are the same as for the report (using a 2” top margin) Center the heading in all caps Each entry refers to a major section and should be keyed in initials caps Use right aligned tabs for creating leaders from the entry to its respective page number Number the page at the bottom center using lowercase Roman numerals (I, ii, iii, etc.)
48: Bibliography: Pretty much the same as a sources cited and may involve direct quotes from websites and is used to show your sources.
49: Tables Again: They are used to help explain or display data and often are used for some reports or presentations.
50: Objective 6 Spreadsheets
51: Spreadsheet Formulas Some spreadsheet formulas you need to know are: =sum(A2:A5) =average(A2:A4) =(b12+b11) =(c5-c9) =(c2*c4) =(d4/d1)
52: A cell is a single block in a spreadsheet A column is a vertical group of cells ABC A row is a horizontal group of cells 123 A formula is the letters or numbers you put in a cell EX. =AVERAGE(B2:B5)
53: Spreadsheets are the most common software on every computer because they can be used for so many things like checks and budgets... B17 Letter before number when called out (like Battleship) Fast and Accurate Can answer “What is?” students’ current grade (school), individual athlete statistics (sports), transportation schedules (business), current $ available for spending (personal), census results. Can answer “What if?” student population increase(school), win/loss record change(sports), product sales decrease(business), hourly wage rate changes(personal).
54: Active Cell- The cell ready for data entry Alignment- When data is entered into a cell, the default alignment is labels to the left and values to the right Cell- Intersection of a row and column and is identified by a cell reference. Cell range- A selected group of cells that form a rectangle Cell reference- The column letter and the row number Example: C12 Column- Identified by letters that appear at the top of the spreadsheetVertical Formula- Equations with symbols for math operations Example =B6+B7+b8+B9 Function- Special formulas that do not use operators to calculate a result i.e. A shortcut formula Example: =sum(A6:A9) Label- Text, symbols, dates, or numbers not used in calculations
55: Rows- Identified by numbers on the left side of the spreadsheet Horizontal Spreadsheet- A program that allows you to use rows and columns of data to manage, predict, and present information. Value- A number entered into a spreadsheet cell that will be used for calculations Sum- Adds the range Average- Averages the range Add+A1+B1 Subtract-C3-D4 Multiply*B6*A2 Divide/F1/F3 Parenthesis() Exponent ^ Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sallie Parenthesis Exponent Multiply Divide Add Subtract P.E.M.D.A.S.
56: Databases Objective 7
57: Notes A database is like a container. Kept on flat files When you open a database, you must immediately save it. Used to be called relational Databases Use Criteria to search for specific things they want Reports are used in these as well
58: Notes Continued The four types of data that go in a database are: TABLES: house of all your data FORM: way of accessing on a screen REPORTS: any printout used in business QUERY: to find out the answer (QUERIES) means question
59: REMEMBER DATABASES MAY CONTAIN MULTIPLE TABLES!
60: Objective 8 Speed & Accuracy
61: Graphs of My speed, accuracy, and GWAM on the full table and stats.
62: Here is my modified and averaged chart for Microtype.