BC: Did You Learn Anything About Egypt?
FC: Isabelle R 12/19/10 | Do You Know About Egypt?
1: Table of Contents The Old Kingdom page 2 The Nile page 3 The Pharaoh page 4 The Pyramids page 5 Religious Belief page 6 The Middle Kingdom page 7 The New Kingdom page 8 Decline of Egypt page 9 Contributions page 10 Bibliography page 11
2: The Old Kingdom The Old Kingdom was from 2650-2134 B..C.. It lasted from the third to sixth dynasty. A dynasty is a sequence of rulers from the same family. The unification of Egypt in the archaic period was the single most important event in Egyptian history.. Narmer is credited for unifying the country. Djoser became powerful enough to control the whole country. The Old Kingdom is most known for the building of pyramids.. All the pyramids were built in the Old Kingdom.. This period was the richest and most creative time in Egyptian history,.
3: The Nile River The Nile River is 6,695 kilometers or 4,160 miles. It is the longest river in the world.. The Nile is located in Africa. It originates in Burundi, and flows northward to northeastern Africa,, eventually emptying out into the Mediterranean Sea. Only twenty-two percent runs through Egypt.. The Nile runs through Egypt, Ethiopia,, Sudan, Burundi, Zaire, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, and Tanzania. The two tributaries are the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The ancient Egyptians used the Nile for trade, travel, drinking water, food and rich soil.
4: The Pharaohs Most of the pharaohs of Egypt were men, but some were women like Cleopatra and Nefertiti. Cleopatra was the last queen of Egypt. The people considered the pharaohs to be half-man and half-god. The pharaohs were the ones who owned all of Egypt. The first true pharaoh was Narmer. Pharaohs had many wives, but only one was queen.The throne was primarily intended to succeed from father to son. Today only fifty royal pyramids stand .Throughout thirty and more dynasties there has been over 170 rulers.
5: The Pyramids Egyptians built over ninety royal pyramids from about 2650 BC to 1530 BC.. Pyramids were originally built for tombs of kings and queens.. After a ruler died, his or her body was carefully wrapped and treated to preserve it as a mummy.. There are many theories about how the Egyptians built the pyramids. One theory suggest that ramps were built to drag building stones and sledges to the top. Usually a king's chamber was located directly under the center of the pyramid. The largest pyramid was Khufu's or the Great Pyramid.. It is located in a desert near Giza. Researchers think that it took twenty to thirty years to build.
6: Religious Belief Religion was extremely important to the Egyptians and touched every aspect of their lives.. Their religion was polytheistic religion (with many gods). They had nearly 2000 gods and goddesses that they believed in. Main gods were worshiped throughout the whole country and minor gods were followed locally. Massive temples were built for the gods, but small shrines were also found in people's houses. Two important gods were Osiris, god of the Nile, and Isis, god of fertility. Egyptians also believed strongly in the afterlife.
7: The Middle Kingdom The Middle Kingdom started in the eleventh dynasty and ended in the thirteenth. It began in 2030 BC to 1640 BC. In this period pharaohs lost all their power. Instead local cities and villages had began to be accustomed to their independence and the way their local governors operated independently.. Into the middle kingdom, Sesostris III, finally broke the local governors and returned the monarchy to its previous power..
8: The New Kingdom The New Kingdom lasted from the eighteenth to the twentieth dynasty. Also from 1570 BC-1070 BC. In the beginning of this era Egypt was very powerful. Most people are most familiar with this era because of the pharaohs. Some of the pharaohs in this era are Ahmose I, Hatshepsut, Thutmose III, Amenhotep III, Akhenaten, and Tutankhamun or King Tut.. Towards the end of the era Egypt began to decline of its power.
9: Decline Of Egypt Many issues began the decline of Egypt. Egypt began to go to war with many other countries. The war that had started the decline of Egypt was when Ramses III led them to a war to conquer Syria . Most of the wars they went to they lost. Egypt kept going to war. The pharaohs had also moved to Lower Egypt. When they moved to Lower Egypt, the priests began to argue with the pharaohs. The arguing was a reason for the decline of Egypt.
10: Contributions One of the many contributions that the Egyptians gave to the modern world is paper. The Egyptians used a plant called papyrus. They used the papyrus to make the paper. | Another contribution is medical related items. The Egyptians were first to have casts and hospitals. Egyptians also were the first to have medicines and help treat the sick. Also were the first doctors, dentists, and other kinds of doctors. | More contributions of the Egyptians were calendar, math, boats, shadoof, water clock, cotton, dome oven and ink. If the Egyptians had not invented these items, it would have been more difficult for us.
11: Bibliography www.wsu.edu www.wikipedia.com www. king-tut.org/uk www.ancient-egypt-online.com www.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk www.egyptgiftshop.com www.kidspast.com www.library.thinkquest.org www.wiki.answers.com