S: Biology Project
FC: Ecology Pictionary Project By: Ashley Webster
1: Biome- a large group of ecosystems that share the same type of climax community. | Ex. Desert
2: Abiotic Factor- all non-living components of an environment; including physical and chemical components. | Ex. Forest Fire
3: Community- all the living organisms in an ecosystem interacting together. | Ex. Coral Reef
4: Mutualism- a symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit. | Ex. A bee and a flower.
5: Predation- one species is hunting, killing, and eating another species. | Ex. A lion hunting a zebra
6: Omnivore- a consumer that eats both meat and producers. | Ex. Bear
7: Food Chain- simple models to show how energy moves through an ecosystem. | Ex. Sun- Grass- Mouse- Snake- Hawk
8: Deciduous Forest- a type of forest characterized by trees that seasonally shed their leaves | Ex. Northeast Asian Deciduous Forest
9: Carrying Capacity- the maximum, equilibrium number of organisms of a particular species that can be supported indefinitely in a given environment. | Ex. The carrying capacity of an environment that has deer. | Carrying Capacity- the number of organisms an environment can support
10: Bioaccumulation- how toxins are passed through food chains | Ex. The amount of toxin gets larger because the organism is larger and has more availability for contamination.
11: Carbon Cycle- during photosynthesis, plants use energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide gas into energy- rich carbon molecules. | Ex. Burning fossil fuels puts carbon back into the atmosphere.
12: Biotic Factor- all living components of an environment | Ex. Plants, Animals, and Humans
13: Population- a group of individuals of the same species inhabiting a given area | Ex. Elephants
14: Commensalism- symbiotic relationship in one species benefits but the other is neither harmed or benefited. | Ex. An owl living in a tree.
15: Symbiosis- a close and permanent association between organisms of different species. | Ex. Mutualism, Commensalism, Parasitism, and Predation.
16: Herbivore- consumers that eat producers or plants. | Ex. Deer
17: Food Web- a more complex diagram that shows many food chains from a single ecosystem. | Ex. A pond food web.
18: Rain forest 1) Have heavy rainfall 2) Have a large number of species 3) Poor nutrients in the soil 4) Hot, humid, climate 5) Farming is a bad idea | Ex. The Amazon Rain forest
19: J-curve- it means that there is no limit to population size. | Ex. The J-curve is also called the exponential curve. You would use it when a population never stops growing.
20: Organism- one living thing | Ex. A koala bear
21: Nitrogen Cycle- needed to make important molecules like proteins. | Ex. Plants grow better when nitrogen is in the soil.
22: Habitat- a place where an organism lives its life. | Ex. A sea turtle lives it life either on the beach or in the ocean which makes the ocean its habitat.
23: Ecosystem- smaller units in the biosphere that includes all of the organisms and non-living environment. | Ex. The Central Park pond in New York City.
24: Parasitism- symbiotic relationship in which one species at the expense of another species. | Ex. A dog with a tick on them, a caterpillar with ticks on them, and a human with a tapeworm inside them.
25: Autotrophs- organisms that use the energy in sunlight or stored in chemical bonds to make their own | Ex. Flower, tree, and a shrub.
26: Carnivore- consumer that eats meat | Ex. Tiger, shark, and a lion.
27: Taiga 1) Just south of the Tundra 2) No permafrost 3) Abundance of trees 4) Home to large animals | Ex. Moose and lynx live in the taiga. The taiga expands from Finland to Russia, Alaska, Sweden, Canada, and Norway.
28: Desert 1) Region with sparse plant life 2) Some have plant life because they have more rain. 3) Plants show adaptations 4) Many desert animals are small herbivores or carnivores | Ex. Sahara desert and Arabian desert. some animals that live there are camels and coyotes. Plant that are in the desert are cactus.
29: S-curve- Whenever limiting factors begin to affect population, the population stabilizes which makes an S-curve | Ex. Sometimes S-curves are used for carrying capacity.
30: Ecology- the study of interactions among organisms and their environment. | Ex. This study combines information and techniques from mathematics, chemistry, geology, and physics.
31: Water Cycle- has several stages 1) Evaporation 2) Condensation 3) Precipitation | Ex. A drop of water is in the ocean. The drop of water is then evaporated into the atmosphere. Then the drop of water condenses and falls as precipitation into a lake.
32: Niche- way of life; the role a species plays in its environment | Ex. An oak tree 1.absorb sunlight by photosynthesis; 2.absorb water and mineral salts from the soil; 3.provide shelter for many animals and other plants; 4.act as a support for creeping plants; 5.serve as a source of food for animals; 6.cover the ground with their dead leaves in the autumn.
33: Species- a group of organisms that can interbreed and produces fertile offspring. | Ex. Wolfs, elephants, and whales.
34: Competition- the struggle among organisms, both of the same and of different species, for food, space, and other vital requirements. | Ex. Two rhinos fighting over food or water.
35: Heterotrophs- organisms that cannot make their own food and must eat other organisms for nutrition. | Ex. Shark, lion, and tiger.
36: Decomposer- organisms that breakdown complex molecules of dead and decaying matter into simpler molecules that are easy to absorb. | Ex. Fungus, bacteria, and earthworms
37: Tundra 1) Treeless land 2) Temperatures below freezing 3) Thin, nutrient-poor soil | Ex. Alpine tundras and arctic tundra
38: Grasslands 1) Receive 25cm to 75cm of rain 2) More trees than desert 3) Grasslands populated by herds of grazing animals 4) Grasslands have different names | Ex. Prairies (America), Steppes (Russia), Savannas (Africa), Pampas (Argentina)
39: Biodiversity- Variety of plant and animal species in their natural environments | Ex. A frog, a fish, and a cattail in one environment.
40: Limiting Factor- any biotic of abiotic factors that restrict the existence, numbers, reproduction, or distribution of organisms. | Ex. Food, water, sunlight,and climate change.