S: May 27,2009
BC: •Hawking is a political activist. He had two younger sisters, Philippa and Mary and an adopted brother, Edward Though Hawking's parents were living in North London, they moved to Oxford while Isobel was pregnant with Stephen, desiring a safer location for the birth of their first child •On 20 April, 2009, Cambridge University released a statement saying that Hawking was "very ill" with a chest infection, and had been admitted to Addenbrooke's Hospital. •He won the Wolf prize in Physics in 1988 •The life expectancy of people with his disease is a few days.
FC: LaShauna Walker English Project
2: Emperor Meijiu
3: •Meiji was born on November 3, 1852 in Kyoto, Japan. He died on July 30m 1912 in Tokyo, Japan. •Emperor Meji (real name Mutsuhito) became the 122nd Emperor of Japan. At the time of his birth in 1852, Japan was an isolated, pre-industrial, feudal country dominated by the Tokugawa Shogunate and the daimyo, who ruled over the country's more than 250 decentralized domains. •By the time of his death in 1912, Japan had undergone a political, social, and industrial revolution at home and emerged as one of the great powers on the world stage.
5: •Crown Prince Mutsuhito acceded to the throne on 3 February 1867 at the age of fourteen. In the ninth month of the following year, the era was changed to Meiji, or enlightened rule, which was later used for the emperor's posthumous name. •Emperor Meiji is known for removing Japan from It’s isolationist policies and reforming Japanese society •Emperor Meji started the Meiji restoration, a chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure •His reign was from 3 February 1867 – 30 July 1912 •Meiji had 15 kids, 10 of which died within two years of life with five different concubines.
6: "Blackbeard" Edward Thatch
7: •Little is known about Blackbeard's childhood. But he was most likely born in around 1680 in the British port town of Bristol. •His birth name is usually given as either Edward Teach or Thatch, though others speculate that his name is Edward Drummond. •After Britain withdrew from the War in 1713, Edward, like many other privateers, turned to piracy. His first experiences in piracy were as a crew member for Benjamin Hornigold, who was based in Jamaica. •Blackbeard would plunder merchant ships, forcing them to allow his crew to board their ship. The pirates would seize all of the valuables, food, liquor, and weapons. Despite his ferocious reputation, there are no verified accounts of him actually killing anyone. He deliberately cultivated his barbaric reputation, and so could prevail by terror alone.
9: •However, colorful legends and vivid contemporary newspaper portrayals had him committing acts of cruelty and terror. One tale claims he shot his own first mate, saying "if he didn’t shoot one or two crewmen now and then, they’d forget who he was” •His best known vessel was the Queen Anne's Revenge, which is believed to have run aground near Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina in 1718 •Blackbeard is often regarded as the archetypal image of the seafaring pirate. •Despite the best efforts of the pirates (including a desperate plan to blow up the Adventure), Teach was killed, and the battle ended. Teach was reportedly shot five times and stabbed more than twenty times before he died and was decapitated. Legends about his death immediately sprang up, including the oft-repeated claim that Teach's headless body, after being thrown overboard, swam between 2 and 7 times around the Adventure before sinking.
11: Holocaust •Lasted from 1933 to 1945, roughly 12 years. •Between 11 million and 17 million people died. •The Nazi’s not only targeted Jewish people but also Gypsies, Homosexuals, Disabled and anyone that wasn’t blonde hair and blue eyed. •During 1940-1945 ghettos (portion of a city in which members of a minority live; especially because of social, legal, or economic pressure) started popping up in Europe. •The word Holocaust derives from the Greek words holos, "whole" and kaustos, "burnt”.
13: •After the Holocaust ended the Nremberg Trials were conducted. •The Nuremberg trials were a series of trials, or tribunals, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany. •Many harsh, inhumane experiments were performed on the Jewish prisoners during the Holocaust. •Extermination camps popped up specifically for the mass killing of Jewish people. •The Holocaust ended when the U.S and Soviet Union liberated the existing concentration camps. •Hitler, the mastermind of the Holocaust, died allegedly by suicide on April 30, 1945
14: The catcher In The Rye
15: •The Catcher In The Rye is a classic novel first published in July 16, 1952 by J.D. Salinger •The novel's antihero Holden Caulfield, has become an icon for teenage rebellion and defiance •The novel follows Holden’s experiences in New York City the days following his expulsion from Pencey Preparatory School. •The book was rarely read in school and a bit controversial due to it’s use of f*** and G*d****. •Novelist J.D. Salinger refuses to give any rights for people to make his classic into a movie due to his thinking it will lose it’s character.
17: •The Catcher In The Rye was chosen by Time magazine as among the 100 best English-language novels from 1923 to 2005, and by Modern Library and its readers as one of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century. • It has been frequently challenged in the United States for the controversy I mention earlier, its liberal use of profanity and portrayal of sexuality and teenage angst. •This Catcher in the Rye is an analogy for Holden who sees these children playing tag as innocent and pure. Falling off the cliff would be a progression into adulthood and maturity (which he often views as a digression from this innocence into a negative world). •Later, Phoebe and Holden exchange roles as the Catcher and the Fallen; he gives her his hunting hat, the catcher's symbol, and becomes the fallen as Phoebe becomes the catcher.
18: Stephen Hawking
19: •He was born on January 8, 1942 in Oxford, England. •He is known for his contributions to the fields of cosmology and quantum gravity, especially in the context of black holes. He has also achieved success with works of popular science in which he discusses his own theories and cosmology in general. •He is a world-renowned theoretical physicist whose scientific career spans over 40 years. His books and public appearances have made him an academic celebrity. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, and a lifetime member of the Pontifical Academy of Science. •He developed neuromuscular dystrophy in college; related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a condition that has progressed over the years and has left him almost completely paralyzed.