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Erik Erikson

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BC: "Don't cry because it's over, Smile because it happened." - Dr Seuss

FC: Erik Erikson

1: Erik was born in Frankford, Germany on June 15, 1902. He was married to Joan Erikson and they had three children named Kai, Sue and Jon. On May 12, 1994 he passed away in Harwich..

2: Contributions to the social sciences / insight that gained recognition among academics Theory on social development?

3: This entails, the eight stages of human development in healthy rate from infancy through to late adult years. Each stage they are expect to over come new challenges and master previous challenges. Each stage evolves and builds on the previous and helps people be more successful in there completion of their earlier stages. If people are unsuccessful with the completion of their previous stage then it is expected to make an appearance in the future.

4: Ego-psychologist The greatest innovation that Erik discovered is there is more to Sigmund Freuds thoughts on there only being five stages of development. He decided that he was going to right a book similar to Sigmund’s psychosexual stages but with eight stages. In his next book he decided that he was going to add a ninth stage in “The Life Cycle Completed”. Erik believed that everyone goes a through different stages in there life where his or her reach there full development. He theorized that there are 8 stages that humans must go through from birth to death. He won the Pulitzer Prize and a U.S. National Book Award in category Philosophy and Religion for Gandhi's Truth (1969), which focused more on his theory as he applied to later phases in the life cycles.

5: 8 stages of Development

6: How Erik has helped to further the discipline of psychology? They helped further excel in psychology by showing the world what people do within their life. Those eight steps have helped people get through rough areas in there life and also learn how to move on with there lives. With him helping people excel this creates so many more opportunities for people all around the world to carry what they know and expand by learning from their past.

7: Reflection and importance on the credibility / validity of the study to contemporary social issues? He reshaped the views of people in development by his theory for each stage of life, form infancy. Later he spent ten years teaching at Austen Riggs Center in the psychiatric treatment facility in Stockbridge, Massachusetts. He decided to work there because Erik really wanted to be apart of community that helped troubled youth become the best person they could be.

8: Basic trust vs. basic mistrust - This stage covers the period of infancy. 0-1 year of age. - Whether or not the baby develops basic trust or basic mistrust is not merely a matter of nurture. It is multi-faceted and has strong social components. It depends on the quality of the maternal relationship. The mother carries out and reflects their inner perceptions of trustworthiness, a sense of personal meaning, etc. on the child. If successful in this, the baby develops a sense of trust, which “forms the basis in the child for a sense of identity“ Autonomy vs. Shame - Covers early childhood - Introduces the concept of autonomy vs. shame and doubt. During this stage the child is trying to master toilet training. Purpose - Initiative vs. Guilt - Preschool / 3–6 years - Does the child have the ability to or do things on their own, such as dress him or herself? If "guilty" about making his or her own choices, the child will not function well. Erikson has a positive outlook on this stage, saying that most guilt is quickly compensated by a sense of accomplishment. Competence - Industry vs. Inferiority - School-age / 6-11. Child comparing self-worth to others (such as in a classroom environment). Child can recognize major disparities in personal abilities relative to other children. Erikson places some emphasis on the teacher, who should ensure that children do not feel inferior. Fidelity - Identity vs. Role Confusion - Adolescent / 12 years till 20. Questioning of self. Who am I, how do I fit in? Where am I going in life? Erikson believes, that if the parents allow the child to explore, they will conclude their own identity. However, if the parents continually push him/her to conform to their views, the teen will face identity confusion. | 8 STAGES TO DEVELOPMENT

9: Intimacy vs. isolation - This is the first stage of adult development. This development usually happens during young adulthood, which is between the ages of 20 to 24. Dating, marriage, family and friendships are important during the stage in their life. By successfully forming loving relationships with other people, individuals are able to experience love and intimacy. Those who fail to form lasting relationships may feel isolated and alone. Generativity vs. stagnation is the second stage of adulthood and happens between the ages of 25-64. During this time people are normally settled in their life and know what is important to them. A person is either making progress in their career or treading lightly in their career and unsure if this is what they want to do for the rest of their working lives. Also during this time, a person is enjoying raising their children and participating in activities, that gives them a sense of purpose. If a person is not comfortable with the way their life is progressing, they're usually regretful about the decisions and feel a sense of uselessness. Ego integrity vs. despair. This stage affects the age group of 65 and on. During this time you have reached the last chapter in your life and retirement is approaching or has already taken place. Many people, who have achieved what was important to them, look back on their lives and feel great accomplishment and a sense of integrity. Conversely, those who had a difficult time during middle adulthood may look back and feel a sense of despair.

10: "A perfect summer day is when the sun is shining, the breeze is blowing,...

11: ...the birds are singing and the lawn mower is broken." - James Dent

12: "Any man can be a Father but it takes someone special to be a dad." - Anne Geddes

13: These Are The Moments I Live For

15: sometimes the smallest things take up the most room in your heart

16: "I hope you always have a shell in your pocket...and sand in your shoes."

17: summer fun creates lasting memories

18: today you can be anything you imagine

21: "An open home, an open heart, here grows a bountiful harvest." - Judy Hand

23: Home is where there's someone to love, and someone to love us.

25: "Write it on your heart that every day is the best day of the year." - Ralph Waldo Emerson

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