FC: Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony | By Courtney Hardeman
1: Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony By: Courtney Hardeman
2: Introduction | The Ethiopian coffee ceremony is an important aspect of their culture. It is a major social event that marks friendship or shows respect. A big part of the Ethiopian culture is hospitality; the coffee ceremony shows this.
4: This coffee ceremony does not include just your everyday, regular instant coffee. The whole process can take a few hours. This is a traditional ceremony passed down through generations. The person who conducts the ceremony is a young woman. She wears a traditional Ethiopian costume, which is a white dress with a woven border. The woven border of the dress is colorful and vibrant.
6: The first thing the young woman does is set the ceremonial apparatus in a display. The apparatus is laid on long blades of grass that are scented. After the apparatus is set out, the roasting of the coffee can begin. The coffee beans are roasted in a flat pan. The young woman does this on a small charcoal stove. While the coffee is being roasted, incenses are also burning in the background. The combination of these smells are calming and alluring to those who are around.
8: When the coffee beans turn a dark color and are shiny, it is time for them to be ground up. A pestle and a long handled mortar are used to do this. When it has been ground up, it is then poured into a clay pot, known as a jebena. The coffee ends up being thick and uneven due to this method. Because of the substantial amount, it needs to be strained. A sieve is used for the straining; this is done many times until the liquid is a nice, smooth texture.
11: When the coffee is ready to be served, the youngest child will make an announcement. The young woman serves the coffee in small china cups. She must pour the coffee into the cups while holding the jebena, clay pot, one foot above. The stream of the coffee must stay consistent and not break; this is a technique that requires years of practice. After the invited guests have watched the pouring of the coffee, the youngest child will bring the eldest member their coffee. From there they will serve the rest of the party. This signifies the linking of generations.
12: There are three rounds of coffee during the ceremony. They are called Abol, Tona and Baraka. It is considered rude to leave the coffee ceremony before finishing the Baraka, the third serving. The ceremony takes place in the morning, afternoon, and evening. It is a time to socialize and talk about the community and life. While at the ceremony, certain foods are served. They are usually popcorn, peanuts, coffee cherries, and roasted barley. The Ethiopian coffee ceremony is a time to be joyful and carefree. The experience in itself is amazing and beautiful.
14: Vocabulary | Abol - the name of the first round of coffee Apparatus - a group of combination of tools. Baraka - the name of the third round of coffee Hospitality - the friendly reception and treatment of guests or strangers. Incense - the perfume or smoke arising from such a substance when burned. Jebena- Ethiopian black clay pot Mortar- a receptacle of hard material, having a bowl-shaped cavity in which substances are reduced to powder with a pestle.
15: Pestle- a tool for pounding or grinding substances in a mortar. Roasted - to bake uncovered Sieve - an instrument for straining liquids Substantial - a large amount Tona - the name of the second round of coffee Vibrant - bright, strong, or vivid in color.
16: Resources | Resources: (Websites) "Dictionary ." Dictionary.com. ASK, 2012. Web. 23 Feb 2012.
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