BC: Freedom & Justice
FC: Japanese Relocation: The events and reasons.
1: To the struggling ethnic citizens of America
4: TIMELINE~ 1868, May 17- The Scioto set sail out of Yokohama for Hawaii. There were 153 Japanese migrants coming to work in sugar plantations. 1907, Feb. 18- President Roosevelt issued an executive order to stop the migration for Japanese laborers from Hawaii and Mexico. 1909, May 9- Japanese workers at Aiea Plantaion walked out and began the 1909 Plantation Strike. By June, 7000 workers and families were on strike until August. 1941, Dec. 7- Japanese attack Pearl Harbor. The gov. authorizes Attorney General to conduct any suspects. Dec.8- Dept. of Treasury seized all Japanese bank accounts and businesses. Dec. 9- Many Japanese language schools closed. Feb. 19- FDR signs Executive Order No. 9066. Mar 24- Curfew for all aliens and Japanese American in INternment Camps increase 1944. Dec.18 - Korematsu v U.S. Supreme Court rules that one group may be expelled from their homes and imprison for several years w/o trial based upon their ancestry. 1945 October~December- All internment camps are closed except for Tule Lake Center. 1946 March 20- Tule Lake Center closed.
5: Video | The Camp video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UzkLGhWHgZc
6: CHAPTER 1: Hirabayashi trial | Case 1: Hirabayashi against America Hirabayashi was the first person to go confront the Supreme Court to argue about the unfair curfew put solely upon the Japanese.
7: Hirabayashi purposely violated the curfew put upon the Japanese so he could present his case to the Supreme Court. | How it happened
8: Hirabayashi was convicted for three months. The non-Japanese Americans appealed to this and so the Supreme Court kept the sentence upon Hirabayashi and therefore disregarded the constitution. | The Outcome~>
9: CHAPTER 2: Korematsu Case | The second case to confront the Supreme Court. Arrested and convicted for arguing against Executive Order 9066.
10: How it happened... | When the Japanese were told to move to permanent relocation camps, Korematsu refused! He stated it was unconstitutional, and went against the Fifth Amendment. | The outcome... Korematsu lost his case and was arrested and convicted.
11: CHAPTER 3: Endo Case | The third and final case. The only one that proved to be not guilty.
12: What Happened... Mitsuye Endo had hired a lawyer and used the principle of Habeas Corpus. Showing that she did nothing wrong herself she was not guilty. | What is Habeas Corpus? Habeas Corpus is a writ requiring a person to be brought before a judge or court, esp. for investigation of a restraint of the person's liberty, used as a protection against illegal imprisonment. | The Outcome: Afterwards Japanese were basically freed after this case. PLus the war was coming to an end during the case.
13: CHAPTER 4: THE MUNSON REPORT | One of WWII's best kept secrets
14: What is The Munson Report...? | During 1941 a special rep. of the State Department, Curtis B. Munson was told by Roosevelt to write a report of the loyalty of the Japanese Americans in California and Hawaii. It never became published and most importantly it showed that the Japanese were completely loyal. | In the end... ~> even though the report proved that the Japanese were completely loyal they were still moved to the internment camps and suffered.
15: CHAPTER 5: Compliance and Resistance | Compliance: The West Coast Americans | The citizens would constantly approve of the convictions against the Japanese. | They did this for reasons such as gaining land from the Japanese who were wealthy and doing well in business and due to racism.
16: After her husband was persecuted, she expressed through her artwork and words what was occurring at the camps. She was cautious so that it would not be censored by the government. | Resistance: Estelle Ishigo
17: 442nd "Go for Broke" division. A unit in the army composed of Japanese American soldiers. It became the most highly decorated units in U.S. history. Many had received purple hearts during the war, yet their families were sent to camps. | Just another example of how racism and greed had effected even those who had members fighting for the U.S. itself and proving that it was not a matter of trust.
18: The Conclusion. The persecution of the Japanese were completely unfair and the rest of America had no just cause for their ugly actions.
19: How it relates to the Salem witch trials... -There was hysteria because both thought that the other were going to destroy them. -One side wanted the wealth or land of the other. -Many if not all were not guilty but had no fair chance. | Parallels