S: Fascinating World of Islam A - Z Book.
BC: The End
FC: The Fascinating World OF Islam | By:Zipporah Ridley, Corrina Brabham, Alex Son, Lauren Tran, Mikhail Wilson
1: A is for Allah. | This is the Arabic or Turkish word for God. This is the one and only monotheistic God of the Islamic, Muslim, Jewish, and Christian faith. Allah was even used for God in Arabic bibles before the time of Muhammad. Allah is not omnipotent nor does Allah have a gender. Allah also spoke to the prophet Muhammad and everything that Allah told Muhammad what to put in the Qur’an. The only reason the pronoun he is used because it implies respect and dignity. The literal translation of Allah is “The Only One to be Worshipped.”
2: B is for Bedouin. | The Bedouins were a Arabic ethnic group who are found throughout mostly deserts. They are divided into tribes. They also live nomadic lifestyles. They also migrate during certain times of the year.
3: C is for Calligraphy | Calligraphy is very important to Muslims.. Calligraphy means "beautiful writing". The Muslims respects calligraphy as the highest form of art because the Qur'an was written in Arabic and it represents Gods word. Calligraphy was used to decorate different mosgues.
4: Dome representing the Dome of the Rock. People face here to pray. This is where Muhammad was supposedly seen ascending to heaven. | D is for Dome
5: Eid is a 3-day Muslim holiday. It comes directly at the end of the fasting month, which is Ramadan. The full name of this holiday is Eid ul-Fitr. In Arabic, Eid means "festivity" and Fitr means "to break fast". The purpose of this holiday is to break the fast of Ramadan. | E is for Eid
6: F is For Fatimid | This period was named after Muhammad’s daughter Fatima. In 969 A.D. this Muslim dynasty planted its roots. In a time of trouble and misfortune a Muslim and Fatimid general took the city of Fustat-Misr. This took place in Egypt. Most of the Egyptians were Orthodox Sunni Muslims and the Fatimid’s were Shiite Muslims. The Fatimid’s failed to convert them so the only way they could rule was by creating an alliance with Jews and Christians. Very soon a young king named Hakim abused his power and caused a Civil War for three days. After two successors Turkish soldiers invaded, occupied the capital, and then took over.
7: G is for Gabriel. | Gabriel was an angel who's role was a messenger of God. Muslims believed he foretold the births of Jesus Christ & John the Baptist. Also, he showed Muhammad the Qur'an. This angel brought messages from Allah to his messengers.
8: H is for House of Wisdom | The House of Wisdom was located in Baghdad, India. It was used as a library, a translation institute, and a major intellectual center.Sadly the building was destroyed during the Mongol Invasion of Baghdad in 1258.
9: Islam is the world second largest religion after Christianity. It is the predominant religion in the Middle East, "Islam" mean " peace through the submission to God". Islam is a complete way of life that governs all facets of life : moral, spiritual, social, political, economical, intellectual, etc. | I is for Islam
10: All Muslims have a religious duty called the Jihad. It is an Islamic term that appears in the Qur'an several times. Jihad means "struggle" in Arabic. Mujahid is the name for one who is engaged in the Jihad. | J is for Jihad
11: K is For Khimar | The khimar is a part of a Muslim woman’s wardrobe. It is a scarf that covers her head, hangs down near her lower back and drapes over her shoulders. The traditional Muslim garb for a woman is a jalbaab, hijab, niqab, and abayah. A jalbaab is in the Qur’an and commanded by Allah for Muslim women to wear and for them to cover and conceal their body with the exception of her eyes. The hijab is a scarf that covers her hair, forehead, ears, neck, and chest. A niqab is a light-weight veil worn to conceal the top of the nose to the neckline. An abayah is one material that covers the body from head to toe. A Muslim’s garb shouldn’t outline the shape of her body, no skin color should be showing through her garment and she should not be wear a strong fragrance or perfume. The colors of the Muslim garb should not be ostentatious but the colors should be modest. The Muslim woman should be a modest, humble, and bashful. This is known as Hayaa.
12: L for La ilaha illa Allah | This phrase is part of the Qur'an. In English it means No God but the God. The only God Allah. This is the first part of the Islamic creed.
13: Muhammad Muhammad is the founder of the religion of Islam. He was born in Mecca around the year of 570.As a child Muhammad was adopted by his uncle Abu Talib who was very rich. Muhammad became a great leader. He traveled to many places preaching about Allah even though he was threatened to be killed in many places. He still preached the word of Allah anyways. Sadly he died on June 8, 632.
14: The Nile River is a river stretching throughout Africa. Ir is the longest river in the world. This long river streams northbound. The River got its name from the Greek word Neilos, which means valley. | N is for Nile River
15: Muslim history started with Adam and Eve. Although some think otherwise, they were the first Apostles of God. Then, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus taught the same ideas and principles as these first prophets. | O is for Origin
16: P is for Pillars | There are five obligatory pillars in the Islamic Faith. They are known as the Five Pillars. They are Iman (faith), Salah (daily prayer), Zakat (charity), Swam (fasting), and Hajj (pilgrimage). The first pillar is professing your faith in Allah. The second pillar is saying your daily prayers five times a day at dawn, noon, late afternoon, dusk, and nightfall. The people saying the prayer is supposed to be in Arabic and are verses in the Qur’an. The third pillar is annually giving 2.5% of your yearly income to charity. If you weren’t able to give they are called to help the needy, persuade others to do well, and keep yourself doing good; because even that is charity. The fourth pillar is fasting during Ramadan. During this season the Muslims don’t eat or drink from dawn to dusk nor do they partake in sex. This shows that you have self-restraint. This is also good for your health. The fifth and last pillar is taking a pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. For nine days Muslims from all over the world travel to Mecca to take part in the religious ceremonies and rituals. This is mandatory for all able bodied and financially able people.
17: The Qur'an is the main religious text of Islam.. Muslims used this as a sense of comfort, guidance, and direction to everyday life. This book represents Muhammad, due to the messages inside of it.The Qur'an is in Arabic.
18: R is for Ramadan In the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar the Qur'an was revealed. Ramadan is a month in which the Muslims fast. It is also apart of the Five Pillars of Islam. Muslims believed that the Qur'an was sent down from the angel Gabriel and given to Muhammad. Muhammad also told his followers that the Gates of Heaven were opened during this month and thats why the people would fast so they could burn away their sins.
19: Sufism is generally understood to be the inner, mystical dimension of Islam. Also spelled as tasavvuf and tasavvof. Sufi scholars defined Sufism as " a science whose objective i the reparation of the heart and turning it away from all else but God." The Sufi movement has spanned several continents and cultured over a millennium, at first expressed through Arabic, then through Persian, Turkish and dozen other languages. | S is for Sufism
20: T is for Talbiya | Talbiya is a neighborhood in Jerusalem, Israel. It's a fairly wealthy area and was built in the 1920's and the 1930's. The Greek Patriarchate purchased the land that this neighborhood was built on. The early residents of this place were mostly Christian Arabs. Most of their homes were elegant and surrounded by nature such as trees and flowering gardens. The Hebrew name for Talbiya is Komemiyut.
21: U is Umayyad | This was the first dynasty started by the Muslims. This lasted from 661 A.D. -750 A.D. The third Righteous Caliph, Uthman, was the first caliph for Umayyad. They built the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem, in 687 and finished in 691. The capital of the dynasty was in Damascus, Syria. They raided and took over some of the Romans and Sassanid’s land. They continued to march and conquer areas until Charles Martel stopped them in France.
22: V is for Veil Muslim woman wear a veil in which is used to cover their head and/or face. They are only allowed to show their hair,/face to their family due to showing honor. Women have to dress 'modestly'.
23: W is for Wudu Wudu is translated as "partial abulation". Muslims had to be clean for a ritual prayer. They are also suppose to cleanse themselves before they read the Qur'an. The purification of the body is also called Taharah. To have Taharah you have to perform ghusi or wudu. Wudu is considered a sign of respect towards Allah.
24: X for the universal algebraic symbol. It is stood for the unknown. The Arabic word for shay is pronounced as xay, since the letter x was pronounced as s in Spain. The symbol can be a place holder for an unknown number in an equation. (x + 3 = 12). Which then "X" can be represented as 9. | X is for the Algebraic Symbol
25: Yawm Al Quiyamah is the Judgement or Ressurection day of all Muslims. Every thing they do in their life will affect Judgement Day | Y is for Yawm al-Quiyamah
26: Z is For zakat | Zakat is one of the mandatory five pillars of Islam. This is so important that it’s in the Qur’an. It says that all Muslims should participate in charity and give to needy. Muslims need to annual give 2.5% of their yearly income. If you can’t give money there are numerous things to do that are still charity. A person could give help and service. One might also help and talk others in to doing good and charitable work. If their not able to do that the simplest charity is make sure your doing good and Allah’s will.
27: Work Cited http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wudu http://quransunnahfollowers.files.wordpress.com/2007/12/wudu.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramadan_ (calendar_month) http://pbs.org/empires/islam/profilesmuhammad.html http://hypernation.files.wordpress.com/2008/02/muhammad.gif http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ House_of_Wisdom http://www.harunyahya.com/images_articles/islamic_origins?02.jpg http://sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Calligraphy/Islam_Arabic_Calligraphy.html http://islam101.com/dawah/pillars.html http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/islam/history/umayyads.htm http://www.touregypt.net/hfatimid.htm http://godallah.com/ http://www.pbs.org/empires/islam/innoalgebra.html http://www.sfusd.k12.ca.us/schwww/sch618/Architecture/Architecture.html