FC: The Second Wave of Feminism
1: The 1950's what it was before women's true liberation | In the 1950's women were expected to be happy by simply being a housewife.
2: In the 1960's women began to step out of the kitchen and more into society,by wanting more jobs, and by eventually having demonstrations for equality.
3: When women left the home they found that the outside world of men was not accepting to women in the workforce. They created organiszations like the National Organization of Women, even smaller liberation groups.
4: "the problem that has no name." Many women read this book and found the cause of their depression. The feminine Mystique helped many women to become "liberated." | To educate women, Betty friedan wrote a book on women. In this book Friedan talked about
5: Many women, enjoyed the famous, "Bra Burning." Many people also picketed against Miss America.
6: With women leaving the kitchen, many wanted more rights and they were wiling to go to the streets to obtain it.
7: Contraceptives like "the Pill" were a big controversy then, and they still are today, but they are important to women because the pill gives women to freedom to choose when to have children.
8: In 1972 there was an Equal Rights Amendment that came before congress. | It was not passed due to unpopular reactions. Even women did not want it because the government would have to draft women.
9: During the 1950's and even on through today there are a lot of sexist Advertisements
10: Women's magazines and even Marketing ads chanved to fit women's new roles.
11: As | As a result of feminism, there was a "free love" movement, that signified women's sexuality and their freedom to have sex with whom they choose.
12: Title IX said that schools had to offer the same opportunities for girls as for boys.
13: The 1960’s and 1970’s were a time of great change in the American society. There was the antiwar movement, the civil rights movement, and the women’s movement. In 1920 women received the right to vote, but societal expectation was not altered except during the extreme cases of war. During World War II women were needed and expected to work in “men’s jobs,” but in the 1950’s, post war, women were expected to go back into the home and fulfill their duties as wife and mother. Then the 60’s hit and America and its’ view of women would never be the same. One reason for this change was that in 1960 the pill became legal, this small change led to women being more independent, and with this independence women wanted change. In the 1960’s more women than ever before were entering the workforce, this brought more attention to the dissatisfaction of the gaps between men and women in pay and in advancement opportunities. Feminists’ of the sixties were asking for a few basic things that addressed these matters. Some of these included: equal pay for equal work, an end to domestic violence, curtailment of severe limits on women in managerial jobs, an end to sexual harassment, and sharing of responsibility for housework and child rearing. The sixties were a time of change in America for many reasons one was that, the civil rights and antiwar movements politicized and radicalized a growing number of women bombarded with contradictory expectations and images about work and family. While Lesley Gore's hit song 'You Don't Own Me' climbed the charts, Leave It to Beaver
14: Father Knows Best dominated television. One in 5 women with children under 6 and nearly one fourth of women whose children were over 16 held paid jobs in the Sixties. Their pay, however, was 60 percent of the male rate. Though equal pay legislation passed in 1963, which did not solve the problem of low pay in jobs that were classed as female. In 1963 Betty Friedan published her book The Feminine Mystique, in which she claimed “the problem that has no name burst like a boil through the image of the happy American housewife.” This book was very controversial and this book changed many women’s lives. Another important aspect of the sixties was that, in 1966 the National Organization for Women was formed. The NOW was important for providing support to workingwomen not only financially but also politically. Many times the frustrations that came with being a feminist lead to protests. Like the one in 1968, feminists protested at the Miss America contest in Atlantic City, arguing that the pageant was sexist. There were also many protests regarding the Equal Rights Amendment. This was a controversial constitutional amendment that said that women would legally be equal to men; it did not pass. Women have been working for equal treatment for almost all of human history; it was not until the mid 1800’s until we began to achieve it legally. It took until the late 1900’s to truly achieve relative equality. Now, for the most part, we are equal to men.
15: Chappell, Marisa. "RETHINKING WOMEN's POLITICS IN THE 1970S: The League Of Women Voters And The National Organization For Women Confront Poverty." Journal Of Women's History 13.4 (2002): 155. History Reference Center. Web. 27 May 2012.
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