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Five Themes of Geography

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S: The Five Themes Of Geography

FC: Five Themes of Geography | By: Mary Decker

1: What is Geography: Geography is about the world in which we live in. It is the study of the earths landscape, peoples, places, and environments. Geography can tell us many things: places and communities we live and work in, importance of location in business and decision making, the natural environments and the pressures they face, how and why the world is always changing, how our individual and societal actions contribute to the worlds changes, and how our choices affect the future for the world.

2: The Five Themes of Geography: The five themes of geography were created back in 1984 by the National Council for Geographic Education and by the Association of American Geographers to help smooth the progress and organization of teaching geography in the classroom. Even with being edited by the National Geography Standards, they still provide an effective organization of the teaching of geography.

4: Location: Most geographic studies begins with learning the basics of location of places. Location is the place or point where something is at, the place you are trying to get too, the place where you are. For instance right now, while you are reading this, you are at a specific location. It can also be described as home, work, or specific calculations. | What is LOCATION?

5: Absolute Location: A location can be absolute (specific) as in coordinates of a map using longitude and latitude Relative Location: A place with respects to its environments and its connection to other places. A location can be relative- for example: next door, nearby, a short drive, down the road a ways. It can also be in the same general location as another location- for example: next to the post office. | Globe showing absolute location | Map showing relative location

6: Place: A place is an area that is defined by everything in it. All places have specific features that give them personality and distinguish them from other places. | What is place?

7: So with knowing that place describes the human and physical characteristics of a location, if you refer to your school as a place, then that place would include walls, windows, gym, cafeteria, classrooms, people, clothing, books, maps, mops, brooms, hallways, mice (if you have them) and everything else in the school, including the languages spoken.

8: Human-Environment Interactions: Human-environment interaction looks at the relationships between people and their environment; how people adapt to the environment and how they change it. Humans shape the landscape through their interaction with the land; it can have both positive and negative effects on the environment. | What is Human-Environment Interaction?

9: There are 3 questions that you can use in dealing with human-environment interaction: 1. How do people depend on the environment? For example: In ancient times, the annual flooding of the Nile River produced good soil for growing crops. 2. How to people adapt to the environment? For example: The ancient Egyptians rebuilt their homes each year, after the annual flooding. As time went on, they built their homes above the flood plain. 3. How do people modify the environment? For example: The ancient Egyptians built irrigation ditches to help water the crops. In modern times, Egypt built a dam to control the flood waters of the Nile River.

10: What is Movement? | This theme studies movement and migration across the planet. Movement refers to the way people, products, information and ideas move from one place to another. This can be local such as how did you get to school today, or it can be global such as how did humans get to North America?

11: Clouds moving across atmosphere | Girls walking (moving) down the steps | Farmer and animal moving across the field | Little boy walking (moving) to school | Two skaters skating across the ice in a race | People sailing on the ocean

12: What are Regions? | Economic Map | Political Map | Cultural Picture

13: Regions: A region is an area that is defined by certain similar characteristics. Those unifying or similar characteristics can be physical, natural, human, or cultural. Regions can be cultural, economic, or political. | Culture: It's a portion of Earth's surface that has common cultural elements. Identifying and mapping culture regions are significant tasks because they show us where particular culture traits or cultural communities are located. Maps of culture regions provide answers to the most fundamental geographical question: Where? | Economic: An economic region is a district or an administrative division of a city or territory that is designed according to some material distributive or productive criteria. | Political: Political regions are based on political units such as sovereign states; subnational units such as provinces, counties, townships, territories,

14: Picture Bibliography * *,r:4,s:0&biw=1024&bih=602&safe=active&surl=1 *,r:7,s:212&biw=1024&bih=602&safe=active&surl=1 *,r:13,s:192&biw=1024&bih=602&safe=active&surl=1 *,r:20,s:171&tx=122&ty=110&biw=1024&bih=602&safe=active&surl=1

15: *,r:17,s:253&tx=73&ty=22&biw=1024&bih=602&safe=active&surl=1 *,r:15,s:700&biw=1024&bih=602&safe=active&surl=1 *,r:8,s:18&tx=37&ty=36 *,r:2,s:243 *,r:1,s:222

16: *,r:3,s:222 *,r:9,s:222 *,r:19,s:243 *,r:4,s:283 *,r:0,s:0 *,r:8,s:102

17: *,r:14,s:143 *,r:2,s:0 *,r:13,s:0 *,r:14,s:15 *,r:1,s:55 *,r:7,s:75

18: *,r:12,s:0 *,r:13,s:0 *,r:14,s:0 *,r:4,s:0 *,r:8,s:0 *,r:4,s:0

19: *,r:6,s:15 *,r:14,s:16 *,r:12,s:0 * | *,r:4,s:17 *,r:8,s:60

20: Paragraph Bibliographies: Rosenberg , M.. "The 5 themes of Geography." . N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar 2012. . Donn, M.. Definitions of the five themes of geography. N.p., 2011. Web. 12 Mar 2012. . Royal Geographic al Society, . "Geography Today." What is geography. Royal Geographical Society With IBG, 2011. Web. 12 Mar 2012. . Heatwole, C.. "Culture: a geographical perspective." World communities: What is culture?. The University of the State of New York., 2006. Web. 12 Mar 2012. .

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