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French Revolution

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French Revolution - Page Text Content

S: The French Revolution

FC: The French Revolution | Carly Hauser, 2012

1: A Revolution in Review

2: Right: Marie Antoinette Wife of Louis XVI. Cruelly executed by the crazy French mobs. | Below: Napoleon Bonaparte Military genius who became dictator of France at the end of the revolution in 1799. | Above: Maximilen Robespierre Leader of France who sent thousands to their deaths during the Reign of Terror | Left: Abbe Sieyes Leader of one of the first revolts of the revolution. | Above: Louis XVI King of France at the start of the revolution

3: Can't talk about the French Revolution without mentioning the guillotine! This was the number one device used for executions, and boy was it used a lot! Maximilien Robespierre was a big fan of the guillotine, and used it quite frequently during his "Reign of Terror". King Louis XVI himself was executed via one of these babies. Looks painful! I'll take the electric chair, please!

4: May 10, 1774 Louis XVI is crowned king of France. We met him earlier! A rather weak, indecisive leader, he also drove France into debt by helping in the American Revolution. This is what helped set France on the road to a revolution of their own. | June 20, 1789 When the Estates-General met, the French citizens demanded equal representation and taxation. Abbé Sieyes lead the revolt saying, “What is the Third Estate? Everything. What has it been in political order? Nothing. What does it demand? To be something herein.” Abbé led the delegates to have more influence and to be called the National Assembly. Three days later, they were locked out of their meeting room and met on a handball court to pronounce their Tennis Court Oath saying that they would end the absolute monarchy in France and write a new constitution. This was the first deliberate act against the monarchy.

5: July 14, 1789 Because he no longer trusted the French soldiers to be loyal, Louis XVI hired Swiss mercenaries to guard Paris. The citizens were scared of the Swiss soldiers and attacked the Bastille, where the gunpowder was stored. The prison was defeated, and the mercenaries never came. Louis himself was taken off to prison, where he would stay forever. The Bastille's fall has become the greatest symbol of the French Revolution. | August 27, 1789 A sort of bill of rights was passed by the National Assembly. This document granted essential natural rights to all men. It was made up of mostly Enlightenment ideas, setting the tone of the revolution. This was the starting point on the road, with even more reforms building up later on.

6: October 1, 1791 After the National Assembly had Louis XVI sign a new constitution, they disbanded and formed the Legislative Assembly, with the power to make laws and declare war on other nations. They soon split as some people wanted more freedom or liberties.This helped to prolong the revolution. | April 1792 - September 1792 Austria & Prussia wanted Louis XVI back on the throne. They were worried the revolutionary fever might spread to their countries. At first, Austrian and Prussian armies were easily able to defeat the badly-armed French citizens, but as time passed they became stronger and their mobs killed a lot of people. The Legislative Assembly disbanded, and the National Convention started writing a new constitution for a republic. The French citizens won a battle and the dangers from abroad retreated.

7: January 21, 1793 The mobs on the street ran around wild after the war with Austria. They had more power than the government. Different clubs formed, and one of the more radical clubs called for the execution of the king, and he was soon executed with a guillotine. The radical mobs had won. The king wasn't coming back. Now, the government was more unstable than ever | January 1793 - July 1794 When Maximilien Robespierre gained power in the National Convention after the king was executed, the Reign of Terror began. He liked to use the guillotine to kill anyone who didn't like him. He ruled like a dictator in France. On July 28, 1974 they finally executed him and brought peace to Paris. During the Reign of Terror, 3,000 people were executed, most of them normal folks.

8: November 2, 1795 The new rulers were called the Directory. There were five leaders that ruled together and shared power. They were moderates not radicals. Some of them were corrupt, but gave a troubled country of period of order for five years, providing break from the democratic ideas that did not work. By 1799, the Directory lost the confidence of the French people. They voted them out of office, but the army kept them in control. | November 10, 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte was a military genius who became power hungry, and gained control of France when the Assembly passed the fourth constitution in eight years. Napoleon did a lot to change France. He ended the unstable revolution and provided a new, stable government. . Over all, he was so-so, but he did provide an end to the bloody revolution that However, the revolution certainly ended a long way from liberty, equality, and fraternity.

9: Sources ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

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Carly Hauser
  • By: Carly H.
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