BC: "The Great Himalayan Watershed: Water Shortages, Mega-Projects and Environmental Politics in China, India, and Southeast Asia :: JapanFocus." Japan Focus. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2012.
FC: Genocide in Tibet Tori Williams 2nd Period 1-6-2012
1: Today there is still genocide going on in Tibet. Thousands of monks and other Tibetans are being held captive and tortured. Also millions of Chinese are moving into Tibet, making the Tibetans a minority in their own country. | Tibet Throughout most of Tibet's history the country has been its own nation with a unique government and culture. In 1950, one year after Mao Zedong took control of China, Chinese forces invaded Tibet. The cultural revolution in China started soon after and millions across China and Tibet were killed.
2: Modern China In 1959, there was a great famine in central China. The famine spread to Tibet and the Chinese claimed that the deaths in Tibet were caused by bad weather and the lack of a good crop. However, famine would not have spread to Tibet had the Chinese not destroyed Tibet's food production system. When China entered Tibet in 1950 they introduced wheat. Tibetans customarily consume barley so when they were forced to grow wheat and consume it instead many died from chronic diarrhea, and dehydrations because their digestive systems were not used to the wheat. Also many Tibetans are nomads and traveled with their livestock to the regions that were the most plentiful. But after the Chinese military entered the Tibet, they were no longer allowed to roam freely, and were forced to become farmers. Also the Tibetans were forced to cross their sheep with Ukranian sheep in order to strengthen the livestock. Instead of become stronger that sheep became weaker and were no longer able to withstand the harsh conditions of Tibet.
3: In 2001, 13,000 prisoners from Tibet and Xinjiang were paraded through Beijing and then executed. Beijing said they were trying to eradicate the three evils: ethnic separatism, illegal religious activities, and violent terrorism. | The Panchen Lama is second only to the Dalai Lama. When the Dalai Lama fled to India, the Panchen Lama made it his mission to stay in Tibet and travel to region record the Chinese Genocide. Some years later he became a supporter of the Chinese government and was seen as a traitor in Tibet. He died in 1989.
4: Genocide The capital city of Lhasa was seized by China in 1959 and the Dalia Lama fled to India with over 50,000 refugees. Many political leaders were taken captive and tortured. Also after refugees fled from from Tibet, many were interviewed about the torture the Chinese inflicted on the Tibetans. The most common form of torture they said was the electric cattle prod that many of the Tibetans used in farming. Other forms of torture have been used such as beating people with chains, metal rods, and wooden sticks covered with nails.
5: China is encouraging settlement in Tibet because they want Tibetans to be a minority in their own homeland. Today, in most major cities, Tibetans are the minority of the population. | It has been estimated that between 1949 and 1979 over 1.2 million Tibetans have been killed. The Chinese wanted to get rid of the monk and nuns first because they were the most politically active, and are the source of the Tibetan culture.
6: Monasteries were closed and thousands of monks were either killed or sent to work in the fields. | Cultures of the World: Tibet The People's Government of China lead by Mao Zedong came to power in 1949. In 1950, the Chinese army entered Tibet. Tibet appealed to the United Nations but they were ignored and refused international aid for fear that Cold War tensions would rise even more. Tibet and China created a compromise, but it was quickly broken when China claimed that the Buddhist religion was interfering with Tibet's progress. | Decisions that affect Tibet are made by a state council that has no representatives from Tibet. The highest government position in Tibet is currently held by a Chinese immigrant.
7: After China took control of Tibet, the government encouraged Chinese immigration to Tibet. They were guaranteed good jobs with higher pay then what they would receive in China, their children were given priority education, the one-child policy was lifted, and they were provided with modern housing.
8: 2010 Human Rights Report: China According to the Human Rights Report, Tibetan are being denied their freedom of speech, religion, association, and movement. There have been numerous reports of killings, abuse, arrest, detention, house arrest. The the preservation of Tibetan culture is becoming a major concern.
9: There have been many tactics of humiliation that the Chinese have used on Tibetans. For example, many are forced to used holy scriptures as toilet paper. | Transition Culture: The Great Betrayal In 1959, when the Dalia Lama fled to India and Lhasa was taken over by the Chinese, over ten thousand Tibetans were killed in just three days. Within sixteen months, over 87,000 would be killed. Before the Chinese came to Tibet there was over 6,000 monasteries in Tibet. Only thirteen were stilling standing at the end of the cultural evolution.
10: Tibet Justice Center Tibet was a fully functioning country before it was invaded by China. There was a civil service, judicial system, taxation system, postal and telegraph service, currency, issued passports (that were recognized around the world), and border control. Also in 1950, before the invasion of China, there were hardly any Chinese living in Tibet.
11: Today there is an estimated 1,54100 Chinese living in Tibet and an additional 92,000 living in the TAR. There is concern for Tibet's watershed which supply some of Asia's most dependent rivers. Chinese occupation in Tibet is doing more than just affecting those who live there. Women's rights have been greatly abused in Tibet as well. Many young girls have been forced into prostitution, and many women have also been sterilized or forced to have abortions.
12: Compare and Contrast: Tibet v. Holocaust | Compare -Olympics held during time of Genocide. Both countries tried to act as if nothing was going on. -Hitler and Mao Zedong took control of country by force. -Both wanted a perfect uniform race. -Believe that land they are taking over is theirs that was wrongly taken from them. -Euphemisms used to sugarcoat what is really happening. -Police are the most feared. | Contrast -Mao Zedong: Communist -Hitler: Nazi -Genocide in Tibet: trying to assimilate Tibetan children into Chinese culture. -Tibet genocide not as planned as the Holocaust. -Holocaust was more systematic and organized. | During the Holocaust, the United States did not get involved until there was something to be gained from getting involved. It is the same with Tibet. During the Cultural Revolution, Tibet was refused helped because of the Cold War. The United States recognizes Tibet as part of China, however the CIA has been sent military weapons to Tibet to help the resistant forces. | The United States was at war with Germany during the Holocaust, and American troops liberated some of the concentration camps, but the U.S. army has not gotten involved in trying to release Tibetan prisoners.
13: Education about genocide is one of the most effective and important things you can do to prevent and stop genocide. Also another way to help stop the Genocide in Tibet is to boycott Chinese goods. If China feels the strain on their economy, they will be more likely to give in to the United Nations pressure of restoring human rights in Tibet.
14: Works Cited 10 Human Rights Report: China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, and Macau)." U.S. Department of State. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jan. 2012.
15: Levy, Patricia. Tibet. Reference ed. New York: Marshall Cavendish, 1996. Print. "Lhasa travel guide - Wikitravel." Free Worldwide Travel Guides - Wikitravel. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2012.