FC: Georgia | By: George Mikhail
1: Georgia's Location | Georgia is on the Northern and Western Hemisphere. It is located on the Continent North America in the United States of America.Georgia is bordered on the south by Florida, on the east by the Atlantic Ocean and South Carolina, on the west by Alabama, and on the north by Tennessee and North Carolina. It is the largest state east of the Mississippi River. The northern part of the state is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, a mountain range in the mountain system of the Appalachians. The central piedmont extends from the foothills to the fall line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the continental coastal plain of the southern part of the state. The highest point in Georgia is Brasstown Bald, 4784 feet (1458 m); the lowest point is sea level.The capital is Atlanta, in the central part of northern Georgia, and the peach is a symbol of the state. The state is an important producer of cotton, tobacco, and forest products, notably the so-called "naval stores" such as turpentine and rosin from the pine forests.
4: Georgia's Climate | Georgia's climate is temperate, which means it seldom has extremes of weather. Winter are cool but mild compared to more northern areas of the country. However, a dip in the jet stream can sometimes bring col Artic air to the state. The mountains in the North usually have snowfall a few days each year, but a snow event is very unusual in the southern half of the state. In the central part of the state, freezes occur from mid November through Mid March. Normal rainfall varies depending on the geographic region of the state. Georgia's rainfall allows for agriculture in much of the state, and many rivers and streams provide drinking water, transportation, and electric power.
5: There are five major geographical regions of Georgia. They are the Appalachian Plateau region, the Ridge and Valley region, the Blue Ridge region, the Piedmont region, and the Coastal Plain region. Although there are different regions, they all band together to form the state that we know as Georgia. | The five regions
6: The Appalachian Mountains Region which includes most of Northern Georgia has cool winters and warm summers. The Appalachian Plateau Region is basically the bottom of the Appalachian Plateau that stretches from New York all the way down to Alabama. Like the rest of Georgia the, Appalachian Plateaus main economy is forestry and tourist;however, there are some mineral mining in this region. It's not a lot of mining. It is very mountainous so it attracts many visitors each year; therefore, they have tour guides to guide the people around. Another big part of the economy is industry. Most of the cotton is grown in the south and shipped to the north to make cloth and clothes. In recent years the plateau region has witness a population growth. The recreation of the Appalachian plateau is made up of hiking, white water rafting, and camping. This region has experienced a population growth in recent years. The Tugaloo River is one of the headwater to the Savannah River. This is used in white water rafting. In this region you can do a number of things like hang gliding, swimming, and hiking. | Appalachian Plateau
7: The animals of the Appalachian highland are in a verity of animals like whitetail deer, eagles, turtles, and many more. Ancient fossils of marine and forest life including vast lime stone beds and coal deposits. Forest commissioners mostly protect the wildlife. Appalachian Plateau Region has a small population of mule druthers is an wide verity of bird species. The forest life in the Appalachian plateau region is like any other forest in Georgia. In this region you can all so find spiders and other kinds of insects like flies grasshopper, butterflies, and many more. There is also an wild breed of foxes, herons, and other kind of animals.
8: The Piedmont Region is the second largest, and has 3 water systems: the Chattahoochee River, West Point Lake, and Lake Sidney Lanier. The Georgia Piedmont lies between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Upper Coastal Plain. It is part of a larger area, called the southern Piedmont and located in the southeastern and mid-Atlantic regions of the United States that is about 1,400 kilometers long and 100 to 300 kilometers wide. It runs in a northeast-to-southwest direction, following the main axis of the mountains, faults, and coastline of the southeastern United States. The southern Piedmont extends from Alabama and Georgia northeastward through South Carolina and North Carolina. The Piedmont of Georgia occupies nearly one-third of the total land area of the state, and enjoys a variable climate with cool winters (57F on average) and hot summers (89F). Precipitation is greater in the north than in southern parts of the Piedmont, with spring, summer and winter receiving similar moderate amounts of rainfall and fall being somewhat drier. Snow is not unusual, but accumulations of more than an inch or so are uncommon.The Economic Activities of the Piedmont region is Agriculture, Mineral Mining, and Pulp Production.Six Flags, White Water, Zoo Atlanta, Georgia Aquarium. The region is the most populated because of the capital city, Atlanta. | Piedmont
10: The Blue Ridge region is part of the Appalachian Mountains.It goes through all these states- Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, West Virginia. There are many mountain peaks found throughout the Blue Ridge Region. These mountains include the Black Mountains with North Carolina's Mt. Mitchell (6,684 ft.) as the highest peak east of the Mississippi River, the Great Smokey and the Unaka Mountains. Other important peaks include Mt. Rogers (5,729 ft., highest point in Virginia), Sassafras Mountain (3,560 ft., highest point in South Carolina), Brasstown Bald (4,784 ft., highest point in Georgia); Stony Man (4,010 ft.) and Hawksbill (4,049) in Virginia, and Grandfather Mountain (5,964 ft.) in North Carolina. The Blue Ridge Region is found in the eastern and southeastern parts of the United States and covers a segment of the Appalachian Mountains. The Blue Ridge Region extends throughout the eastern and southeastern part of the United States for 615 miles from Carlisle, Pennsylvania through parts of Maryland, Virginia North Carolina, and South Carolina to Mt. Oglethorpe, Georgia. This Mountain range has a very narrow range. It is 5 to 65 miles wide with average heights of 2,000 to 4,000 feet.The Blue Ridge has mild summers and cold winters. There are great amounts of rainfall. | Blue Ridge
11: Principal economic activities there include livestock raising, farming, tobacco growing, and lumber production. There are a lot of activities that can be done in the Blue Ridge Region. If you like the outdoors then camping is right for you. Camping in this region can be enjoyed by the whole family. If you like climbing then there is hiking. Climbing these mountains is a real challenge. For anyone who enjoys the water there is canoing. There is also bicycling and skiing. Within the Blue Ridge province are two major national parks: the Shenandoah National Park in the northern section and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in the southern section. The Blue Ridge also contains the Blue Ridge Parkway, a 469-mile (755 km) long scenic highway that connects the two parks and is located along the ridge crestlines with the Appalachian Trail. The Blue Ridge Region is a home to many wildlife. Animals in this region must know how to use their survival skills to live to see another day. The animals must be able to the hunting or they will be the hunted, but as you know the animals will eventually die someday. That is just the way of life.
12: Ridge and Valley | The Ridge and Valley Region is located in the Northwest part of Georgia. Ridge and Valley are split into four parts- the Cumberland Plateau, the Chickamauga Valley, the Armuchee Ridges, and the Great Valley. This region has low open valleys and narrow ridges which run parallel to the valleys. Elevation ranges from 700 to 1,600 feet above sea level. The region runs from Polk and Barrow counties northward to Chattanooga, Tennessee. It is known for textile and carpet manufacturing. The region is surrounded by the Piedmont Region to the south, the Appalachian Plateau to the west and the Blue Ridge Region to the east. Distinctive weather marks the mountains of the Southern Blue Ridge. In the mountain valleys temperatures average 6 to 8 degrees cooler than the nearby Piedmont in the summer months. Near the tops of the mountains the difference can be 10-12 degrees. There is little average temperature difference in the winter months between the Piedmont and the mountain valleys, however the peaks are both colder and windier in the winter. The capital is also near this part of Georgia. Although the trade and service sectors supply the majority of jobs in Georgia, manufacturing and agriculture remain important to its economy. The state is rich in minerals but, mining is not as important as manufacturing and agriculture. The most valuable minerals produced are clays, stone, kaolin, iron ore, sand, and gravel. This region has many species of mammals such as raccoons and opossums. Many different kinds of species of birds live in this region, along with many different species of reptiles. Animals found in these hills and valleys include bobcats, striped skunks and timber rattlesnakes. Long-tailed salamanders are found beneath rocks, decaying logs and in most areas beside mountain streams. Birders will want to keep an eye out for the chestnut-sided warbler, worm-eating warbler and red-tailed hawk.
14: Coastal Plain | The Coastal Plain Region is the largest. It has 4 water systems: Lake Seminole, Alapaha River, Suwanee River, and Satilla River. Boarders Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico has excellent harbors large lowland areas. The Climate of the Coastal Plains Region is: Humid Subtropical. There are long hot summers and short mild winters with yearly long rainfall. Because the Upper Coastal Plains has a mild climate it allows it to be the major agriculture region of the state. The economy of the Coastal Plains relies on agriculture and manufacturing industry. The major crops of the Coastal Plains are cotton, tobacco, corn, and peanuts. Broilers, eggs, and cattle, are major products also. Cotton is the number one crop that is planted here.The Coastal Plains offer many recreational facilities due to their deep harbors and barrier islands. The Coastal Plains makes up the Southern or Southeastern part of Georgia. Americus, Albany Valdosta, Ridge, and other southeastern cities make up the Coastal Plains region. The Coastal Plains extends east and south of the Fall Line Hills. The Fall Line is a natural boundary that divides the Piedmont region from the Coastal Plains region. The Coastal Plains is divided into two sections: upper and lower. The Upper Coastal Plain Region makes up the upper part of southern Georgia. It is the agriculture zone part of the state. Even though it is called the Upper Coastal, it stretches to the southern part of Georgia. The Lower Coastal Plains makes up the lower southern part of Georgia. It is the section of mainland along the Atlantic Coast. The Okefenokee Basin, an area of low relief and swamps, is an important district of the Lower Coastal Plains. The Barrier Island Sequence, a series of islands made of marsh and sea, is another important part of this region.
15: There are many water sports such as walking the beaches, skiing, scuba diving, fishing, and sailing.
16: Physical Features | There are a lot of physical features in Georgia.Georgia's key physical features; include the Fall Line, Okefenokee Swamp, Appalachian Mountains, the Chattahoochee and Savannah Rivers, and the barrier islands.
18: The Fall Line | The fall line is a geological boundary about twenty miles wide that runs across Georgia northeastward from Columbus to Augusta.The falls that give rise to the term fall line are the shoals or waterfalls caused by the first exposure of crystalline rocks encountered when traveling upstream in rivers of the Coastal Plain. These falls represent a barrier to navigation. One of the falls is called High Falls. High Falls is located along the fall line at High Falls State Park in Butts County. The fall line crosses the state from Augusta to Columbus and marks the point at which the hard rocks of the Piedmont meet the softer rocks of the Coastal Plain.
20: Okefenokee Swamp | The largest swamp in North America, the Okefenokee Swamp covers roughly 700 square miles and is located in the southeastern corner of Georgia, encompassing most of Charlton and Ware counties and parts of Brantley and Clinch counties. The swamp has a distinctive and fascinating natural history. Cypress swamps, winding waterways, and floating peat mats are a major part of the Okefenokee's habitat mosaic. Wet and dry prairies, swamps dominated by shrubs, and forests of blackgum and bay trees intersperse the array of other habitats. A high ridge of sand known as Trail Ridge forms the eastern edge of the swamp. Wildlife abound; more than 400 species of vertebrates, including more than 200 varieties of birds and more than 60 kinds of reptiles, are known to inhabit the swamp.
22: Appalachian Mountains | Almost the entire Appalachian mountain range is located in the United States, with the exception of a small part extending into southeastern Canada. In the United States, the Appalachians span over a distance of 1,600 miles, ranging across 14 states, right from Newfoundland in the North, to Alabama in the South. The average width of this mountain range varies between 100 to 300 miles, while the average height for the mountains in this range is around 3,000 ft. The Appalachians are the oldest chain of mountains in the North American continent.This mountain range derives its name from the Apalachees - an Indian tribe inhabiting this region. Mount Mitchell, with a height of 6,684 ft is the tallest mountain in the Appalachian range.The Appalachians have rich deposits of coal, iron, petroleum, and natural gas.A chain of lowlands referred to as the Great Appalachian Valley, lies towards the west and south of Hudson river valley.The climate in the Appalachians varies throughout the year. It can be typically defined as cool and wet for the most of the part of the year.
24: Chattahoochee River | "Chattahoochee" is an Indian word which means “river of painted rocks”, possibly referring to the many colorful rock outcroppings in and along the river. The Chattahoochee River forms the lower half of the border between the U.S. states of Georgia and Alabama, as well as part of the border with Florida. The Chattahoochee River is one of the oldest and most stable river channels within the United States, since it's essentially "locked" in place, flowing along the Brevard Fault Zone, and cannot meander and change course over time like most rivers. The Chattahoochee River Basin supplies more than 70 percent of metro Atlanta's water for drinking and other needs -- an annual average of about 450 million gallons per day. The headwaters of the Chattahoochee River which drain into Lake Lanier above Atlanta comprise the smallest watershed, or drainage area, which provides a major portion of water supply for any metropolitan area in the country.
26: Savannah River | The Savannah River one of Georgia's longest and largest waterways, defines most of the boundary between Georgia and South Carolina. The river provides drinking water to two of Georgia's major metropolitan areas, Augusta and Savannah, and assimilates their treated wastewater. It is also a source of drinking water for the cities of Beaufort and Hilton Head in South Carolina and for many smaller municipalities in the basin.
28: Barrier Islands | There are 13 barrier islands in Georgia it includes: Cumberland Island, Jekyll Island, Little St. Simons, Little Tybee Island, Ossabaw Island Sapelo Island, Sea Island, Skidaway Island, St. Catherines Island, St. Simons, The Golden Isles, Tybee Island, and Wassaw Island. The barrier islands protect the mainland from strong winds and waves. All of the islands of several common characteristics. The eastern sides that face the Atlantic Ocean have sandy beaches. Near the water, the sand is fine quartz densely packed into a hard surface. Beyond the beach are sand dunes held in place partially by plants such as sea oats. The islands are home to may animals. Ducks and wading birds are common. So are alligators and snakes, turtles and frogs. Smaller animals like rabbits and squirrels are numerous. Although Georgians probably think of these islands as places of recreation, resorts, and ecological research, they still serve the environmental purpose of protecting Georgia's mainland from the direct currents and winds of the Atlantic ocean.
31: Resources | http://www.hometownusa.com/ga/index.html http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-721 http://www.clarke.k12.ga.us/webpages/jcampbell1/index.cfm?subpage=41589 http://www.buzzle.com/articles/appalachian-mountains-facts.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chattahoochee_River http://www.chattahoochee.org/river-facts.php http://www.garivers.org/other-georgia-rivers/savannah-river.html The Online Text Book Google Images