FC: Getting To Know Greek Mythology | Mrs. A. Rutschke
1: Myth Writing For Kids What is a myth? Myths are stories that teach a lesson, explain the natural world or history, or explain human conditions. They exist is many cultures, but we are most familiar with Greek mythology and First Nations mythology.
2: There are common characteristics that are often included when writing a myth. Myths often teach a lesson or explain the natural world. Myths are used to help people make sense of their world or help their people understand human conditions better.
3: Myths usually contain magic of some kind and the characters are able do things that regular people are not able to, they often posses superpowers of some kind, particularly if the character is a god or goddess. Most often, good is rewarded and evil is punished.
4: Myths are often about supernatural beings (gods and goddesses.) There are many gods and goddesses in Greek mythology, but the most well-known are the twelve Olympian gods: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Hestia, Hera, Ares, Athena, Apollo, Aphrodite, Hermes, Artemis, and Hephaestus. The gods and goddesses are super-human, but they possess human emotions, which often makes them flawed.
5: In the next section, we will look at each of the Olympian gods in more detail. This will help you understand Ancient Athenian culture a bit more. | Olympian Gods of Ancient Greece
6: Zeus is the supreme ruler of the gods and lord of the sky and rain. He is the most powerful god. His weapon is the lightning bolt. | Zeus
7: Poseidon is Zeus’s brother and he rules over the sea. His weapon is the trident. He is the most powerful Olympian god, after Zeus. | Poseidon
8: Hades is also Zeus’s brother. He is the lord of the underworld, ruling over the dead. He is a greedy god and he wants to increase the number of subjects he has. He is also the god of wealth, he has a helmet that makes him invisible, but he rarely leaves the underworld. His symbol is a scepter or horn of plenty. | Hades
9: Hestia is Zeus’s sister. She is the virgin goddess of home, or hearth (fireplace). Each city had a public hearth sacred to Hestia, where the fire was never allowed to go out. She does not get mentioned often in Greek mythology. | Hestia
10: Hera is Zeus’s wife and sister. She is the protector of marriage. She was punished by Zeus for revolting against him and many stories have to do with her revenge for Zeus’s infidelities. Her sacred animals are the cow and the peacock. | Hera
11: Ares is the son of Zeus and Hera, but his parents do not like him. He is the god of war and he is considered murderous, but also a coward. His bird is the vulture and his animal is the dog. | Ares
12: Athena is the daughter of Zeus. She is the goddess of wisdom, courage, inspiration, civilization, law and justice, mathematics, strategy, just warfare, strength and arts, crafts and skill. She invented the bridle, trumpet, flute, pot, rake plow, yoke, ship and the chariot. She is the patron goddess of Athens. Her symbols are the olive tree and owl. | Athena
13: Apollo is the son of Zeus and has a twin sister, Artemis. He is the god of prophecy, music, truth and healing and he is sometimes called the sun god. He could bring ill-health and plague to men. His symbols are the golden lyre, silver bow and a chariot that he drives across the sky daily. | Apollo
14: Aphrodite is the goddess of beauty, love and desire. She rose from the foam of the sea, enchanting anyone who sees her and inciting feeling of love wherever she goes. Her symbols are the mirror, golden apple, girdle, dove and the dolphin. | Aphrodite
15: Hermes is Zeus’s youngest son. Hermes is the messenger of the gods. He is the fastest of the gods. He wears winged sandals, a winged hat and caries a magic wand. He is the god of thieves and the god of commerce and he is the guide for the dead to go to the underworld. | Hermes
16: Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and has a twin brother, Apollo. She is the huntsman of the gods, goddess of childbirth and the protector young girls. She brought or relieved diseases in women. Her symbols are the bow, and deer and cypress are sacred to her.
17: Hephaestus is the son of Zeus. He is physically ugly and lame. He is the god of fire and forge. He is the smith and armorer of the gods. He uses a volcano as his forge. He is the patron god of smiths and weavers. He is kind and peace-loving. His wife is Aphrodite. | Hephaestus
18: One day the goddess Izanami went looking for a quiet place to think, so she went underground to her favorite pool. Just as she was beginning to feel peaceful and centered, an enormous hydra appeared on the other side of the pool. Izanami did not want to be disturbed, so she tried to persuade the hydra to leave. She waved her arms and yelled her warnings, but, the hydra was thirsty and hissed at her with three of its heads, while the other dipped down to drink the refreshing water. | Izanami and the Hydra: A Myth by Mrs. Rutschke
19: Izanami grew furious that the beast would not acknowledge her power, so she used her voice to shake the earth so hard the hydra would tie its necks into a knot. The earth did indeed shake and the force of the earthquake created an enormous wave in the water. Izanami, rushed above ground in time to watch the wall of water wash the hydra far into the ocean. And that is how the first tsunami was created.
20: References Ancient Greek Mythology for Kids.Ducksters. Technological Solutions, Inc. (TSI), Nov. 2012. Web. Retrieved November 3, 2012, from http://www.ducksters.com/history/ancient_greek_mythology.php Barrow, M. Ancient Greece. Retrieved November 4, 2012, from http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/homework/greece/gods.htm Callahan, N. & Sherman, R. (2006, August 26). Greek mythology webquest. Retrieved November 4, 2012, from http://tinyurl.com/6p5rvd7 Krishnan, G. Chillibreeze. Writing mythological stories for children. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/b69u5rl Mr. Donn. Greece. Retrieved November 4, 2012, from http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/index.html Scholastic. Myths writing workshop with Jane Yolen. Retrieved November 4, 2012, from http://teacher.scholastic.com/writewit/mff/mythswshop_index.htm
21: Photo Credits Cover Dean, G. (1998). Greek Mythology. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.mythweb.com/gods/index.html Page 1 Donn. Ancient Greece. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://ancienthistory.mrdonn.org/Greeklife.html Page 2 mospkim. (2008, May 8). Lightning vs volcano. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-247970688 Page 3 Good vs Evil. (2011, December 11). [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://childofyden.wordpress.com/2011/12/11/good-versus-evil/ Page 4 Coakley, L. Greek gods. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://blog.restauranteers.com/2011/03/01/food-and-the-divine/ Page 5 Olympian gods. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/a4csxg7 Page 6 Allermann, J. Zeus. (2008). [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/4zf2res Page 7 Poseidon. Google images.[Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/a33m43w Page 8 Real Waba. Hades. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://monster.wikia.com/wiki/Hades Page 9 Umina. Hestia-goddess of the hearth. [Digital art]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://umina.deviantart.com/art/Hestia-Goddess-of-the-hearth- 50188951 Page 10 Hera. [Photo]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.infoescola.com/mitologia-grega/hera/ Page 11 Genzoman. (2012). Ares. [Digital art]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://genzoman.deviantart.com/art/Ares-135998313
22: Page 12 Bergeron, J. (2005). Pallas Athena. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/br653eb Page 13 TaekwondoNJ. (2012). God Apollo. [Digital art]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/a5xu93k Page 14 puppy1418. (2010). Aphrodite. [Online image]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/al6ax9l Page 16 Kagaya. Artemis. [Online image] .Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/buw7jfr Page 17 Hephaestus . [Photo]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://tinyurl.com/bata8ds Page 18 Izanami.[Photo]. Retrieved November 4, 2012 from http://www.gothambynight.com/scion/izanami.htm