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Ghana Peace Corps

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FC: My Great trip to Ghana By: Christina Nimely

1: This photo features the city of Accra. A view of Barakese reveals unique architecture and signs of expansion, with at least one visible building under construction.

2: lmina Castle (originally called So Jorge de Mina), a former slave trade center on Ghana’s coast, was built by the Portuguese in 1482 and was later used by the Dutch. It held Africans who had been kidnapped from their homes until they were transported across the Atlantic Ocean to various locations in the Americas, where—if they survived—they would work as slaves for the rest of their lives.

3: This photo is useful for portraying the water supply of Ghana and how poorly equipped it is. The authenticity and rawness get my point across.

4: Stools indicate status, power and succession of chiefs and kings. Carved from single blocks, Asante (or Ashanti) stools traditionally have crescent-shaped seats, flat bases and complex support structures, which exist in many designs with symbolic meaning. Asante stools are spiritual as well as practical. They were understood to be the seat of the owner's soul and when not in use were leaned against a wall so that other souls passing by would not settle on it.

5: Cast alloy statue of Yaa Ashantewa, a Queen mother in Ghana who led a revolt against the Brittish in 1900; approx. 23 in. tall. Yaa Asantewaa was the queen mother of the Edweso tribe of the Asante (Ashanti) in what is modern Ghana. At the time, the Gold Coast (west-central Africa) was under the British protectorate. The British supported their campaigns against the Asante with taxes levied upon the local population.

6: Pair of wooden sculptured heads with high hair dressings.

7: In rural areas, cooking is done over a fire fueled by material like the wood shown here. Such branches may also be used for house and fence construction.

8: These men are working on looms, weaving the brightly colored kente-cloth that is used to make traditional clothing. Many Ghanaians wear kente cloth for special occasions.

9: Specifically located in the Cape Coast region in Ghana, it is located next to a slave trade center of centuries past, is dotted with houses, palm trees, and local fishing boats.

10: This photo shows how busy and population Ghana truly is.

11: This man is working in a gas station in rural Larabunga, in northern Ghana.

12: Fishermen are shown among their boats. Fishing is a key industry in Ghana. Specifically on the Cape Coast. Fish is a huge supply for Ghana's daily intake.

13: This photo features a man returning from his farm, where he has used his machete to harvest a variety of produce. He carries the produce in a basket on his head back to the village, where female members of his family will prepare it.

14: CHAPTER 001 THE CONSTITUTION THE CONSTITUTION OF THE REBUPLIC OF GHANA 1992 1 (1) The Sovereignty of Ghana resides in the people of Ghana in whose name and for whose welfare the powers of government are to be exercised in the manner and within the limits laid down in this Constitution. (2) This Constitution shall be the supreme law of Ghana and any other law found to be inconsistent with any provision of this Constitution shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void. 2(1) A person who alleges that - (a) an enactment or anything contained in or done, under the authority of that or any other enactment; or (b) any act or omission of any person; is inconsistent with, or is in contravention of a provision of this Constitution, may bring an action in the Supreme Court for a declaration to that effect. (2) The Supreme Court shall, for the purposes of a declaration under clause (1) of this article, make such orders and give such directions as it may consider appropriate for giving effect, or enabling effect to be given, to the declaration so made.

15: 3) Any person or group of persons to whom an order or direction is addressed under clause (2) of this article by the Supreme Court, shall duly obey and carry out the terms of the order or direction. (3) Any person or group of persons to whom an order or direction is addressed under clause (2) of this article by the Supreme Court, shall duly obey and carry out the terms of the order or direction. (4) Failure to obey or carry out the terms of an order or direction made or given under clause (2) of this article constitutes a high crime under this Constitution and shall, in the case of the President or the Vice President, constitute a ground for removal from office under this Constitution. (5) A person convicted of a high crime under clause (4) of this article shall- (a) be liable to imprisonment not exceeding ten years without the option of a fine; and (b) not be eligible for election, or for appointment, to any public office for ten years beginning with the date of the expiration of the term of imprisonment. 3(1) Parliament shall have no power to enact a law establishing a one-party state.

16: (2) Any activity of a person or group of persons which suppress or seeks to suppress the lawful political activity of any person or any class of persons, or persons generally is unlawful. (3) Any person who- (a) by himself or in concert with others by any violent or other unlawful means, suspends or overthrows or abrogates this Constitution or any part of it, or attempts to do any such act; or (b) aids and abets in any manner any person referred to in paragraph (a) of this clause; commits the offence of high treason and shall, upon conviction, be sentenced to suffer death. (4) All citizens of Ghana shall have the right and duty at all times- (a) to defend this Constitution, and in particular, to resist any person or group of persons seeking to commit any of the acts referred to in clause (3) of this article; and (b) to do all in their power to restore this Constitution after it has been suspended, overthrown, or abrogated as referred to in clause (3) of this article. (5) Any person or group of persons who suppresses or resists the suspension, overthrow or abrogation of this Constitution as referred to in clause (3) of this article, commits no offense.

17: (6) Where a person referred to in clause (5) of this article is punished for any act done under that clause, the punishment shall, on the restoration of this Constitution, be taken to be void from the time it was imposed and he shall, from that time, be taken to be absolved from all liabilities arising out of the punishment. (7) The Supreme Court shall, o application by or on behalf of a person who has suffered any punishment or loss to which clause (6) of this article relates, award him adequate compensation, which shall be charged on the Consolidated Fund, in respect of any suffering or loss incurred as a result of he punishment. | This is a document relevant to Ghana. it is the main constitution of the republic of Ghana in 1992. The Constitution of Ghana basically defines the basic fundamental political principles, the establishment of the structure, procedures, power and duty of the government. Along with the structure of the judiciary and legislative and also the rights and duties of a citizen.

18: SPEECH DELIVERED BY HIS EXCELLENCY JOHN EVANS ATTA MILLS PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF GHANA, AT THE 66TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS, ON FRIDAY 23RD SEPTEBER, 2011. Mr. President, Permit me to extend hearty congratulations to you on your election as the President of the 66th Regular Session of the General Assembly. We are confident that you will perform this task with distinction. May I also use this opportunity to express our sincere thanks to your predecessor, Mr, Joseph Deiss for the excellent manner in which he presided over the 65th Session. Mr. President, Ghana joins the rest of the world to welcome our sister country, South Sudan to the family of the United Nations. It is our fervent hope that South Sudan, while taking its rightful place in this august body, will grow and prosper. We also congratulate the Secretary-General for his re-election to a Second Term. It is indeed a manifestation of his excellent performance in steering the affairs of the United Nations during the last four years.

19: Mr. President, It is a long established fact that United Nations peacekeeping activities have contributed immensely to the Organization's efforts towards the maintenance of international peace and security over the years. At the same time, we all recognize that this accomplishment continues to take on complex dimensions that require long-term planning and strategic reforms to enable the United Nations effectively deal with the peacekeeping and peace-building challenges around the world. It is in this regard that I re-affirm Ghana's support for the ongoing reform agenda being undertaken by the United Nations in consultation with Troop and Police Contributing Countries (TCCs and PCCs]. We do, however, emphasize the importance of regular tripartite consultations between the Security Council, the Secretariat, and TCCs to ensure the successful execution of mandates in the respective peacekeeping operation areas. Mr. President, As one of the top contributors of troops and police personnel to UN peacekeeping operations, Ghana remains unwavering in its commitment to the ideals and objectives of the United Nations.

20: Accordingly, I wish to assure you that as long as financial, material and human capacity exist at the national level, Ghana will continue to provide personnel and resources in support of UN peacekeeping and peace-building efforts. In this direction, we recognize the need to equitably share the burden and costs to the UN for policing conflict zones around the globe. For this reason, it is important that nations that provide troops and other personnel for UN peacekeeping operations be financially supported by donor countries in a timely manner to ensure the success of the operation at hand. While recognizing that financial constraints exist at all national levels, we, nevertheless, wish to encourage financing and donor countries to meet their obligations to the UN to enable TCCs and PCCs maintain their participation in current UN peacekeeping assignments. Mr. President, Allow me, at this point, to pay tribute to all United Nations personnel, including those from my own country Ghana, who made the ultimate sacrifice during the course of the past year towards the preservation and maintenance of international peace and security while on UN assignment across the globe. Their sacrifices will forever be remembered and cherished.

21: Ghana fully supports the attainment of an Arms Trade Treaty [ATT], hence our satisfaction, thus far, with the outcomes of the ATT Preparatory Committee meetings held in New York in July, 2010 and February-March, 2011. As a nation, we consider a strong and effective Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) an indispensable step in preventing the flow of conventional arms to destinations where they are likely to wreak havoc and mayhem by either fueling conflict and undermining both national and regional peace, security and development or exacerbating tensions that in many instances could likely create the conditions that necessitate the deployment of international peacekeepers in the first place. For developing countries such as Ghana, the illicit proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALW) and other conventional weaponry continues to pose a threat to our national security and socio-economic and political stability, given the former's close linkage to terrorism, organized crime, drugs and human trafficking, among others. It is, therefore, imperative that the remaining ATT PrepComm meetings come out with proposals towards a future arms trade treaty that closes any loopholes that allow conventional weapons to flow from legitimate to illicit markets.

22: Mr. President, The United Nations Organization reached a significant milestone with the launch of UN Women, the United Nation's Entity for Gender Equality and the empowerment of women. It is critical as members of the global community, to break the gender stereotypes which are the root causes of the myriad of gender inequality challenges currently facing most countries. Ghana remains focused in addressing gender imbalances and misconceptions as well as improving the living conditions of its women and girls, bearing in mind that solving the gender issue would ultimately ensure the attainment of the majority of the Millennium Development Goals. It is our expectation that the objectives and aims of UN Women will be met. Mr. President, On the occasion of the high-level meeting to commemorate the 10th Anniversary of the Durban Declaration Plan of Action, Ghana recognizes the progress achieved in this area and the opportunity given Member States to strengthen and renew political commitment in the prevention and fight against racism and racial discrimination in all its forms.

23: To be continued... | This is my first document found that has to do with Ghana. This specific document is a speech by Ghana's president John Atta Mills who delivered his keynote address at the 66th United Nations General Meeting in New York back in September of this year. The President first welcomed South Sudan into the family of the United Nations and also thanked the UN for their peacekeeping activities. He talks about improving the country's health care system and the potential prevention and control of non-communicable diseases focused on the developmental challenged and socio-economic impact of these diseases. Overall, he concludes that the UNited Nations kept an eye on the 2008 election in Ghana, and it is their hope that the same thing will be done next year.

24: Associated PressUpdated: July 17, 2009 Ghana is a small nation in the sub-Saharan region, located along the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. It is rich in gold, timber and reigns as the world's second largest producer of cocoa. With its growing economy and squeaky-clean democracy, Ghana has long been a favorite of foreign donors and Western governments in a region often known for brutal civil wars, corruption and tyranny. In planning President Obama's visit to Africa in July 2009, the White House passed over Kenya, where Mr. Obama's late father was from, in favor of Ghana. A year after Kenya exploded in political violence; it remains a tense and unsettled place. Ghana, by contrast, is seen as an outpost of democracy and civil society in a volatile region. Ghana came under British rule in 1896 and was known as the Gold Coast. As the first nation in sub-Saharan Africa to win independence, in 1957 from Britain, Ghana was a beacon to black people everywhere. Kwame Nkrumah, the country's visionary but autocratic post-independence leader, was an icon of anti-imperialism, laying out a Pan-African ideology that reverberates on the continent and beyond to this day. But his rule did not last. Mr. Nkrumah bankrupted the nation and was overthrown in 1966. Ghana suffered through a decade of chaos until Mr. Rawlings, then a little-known air force officer, seized power in a coup in 1979.

25: The son of a Scottish father and a Ghanaian mother, Mr. Rawlings gave such impassioned speeches of patriotic fervor that he earned the nickname Junior Jesus, a play on his initials, J. J. He promised democracy, and elections in 1979 produced a president and Parliament. But that did not last, either Mr. Rawlings toppled the elected government in 1981. In a radio address to the nation after the coup, Mr. Rawlings denounced the civilian rulers as "a pack of criminals who bled Ghana to the bone." He shepherded the nation through good times and bad, boom and bust in the cocoa and gold markets so essential to its economy, riding the waves of the cold war and its denouement, then turning in desperation from its brand of socialism to free market capitalism and, reluctantly, under pressure from the West, to multiparty democracy. In 1992, he took off his military uniform and ran for president as a civilian. He won two terms, and in 2000, to everyone's surprise, he willingly stepped aside, his two constitutionally allowed terms spent. After the initial national euphoria of democracy wore off, Ghana struggled during the 1990s to keep its economy afloat. Stagnation and joblessness dogged many frustrated young people. In the 2000 election, the candidate of the center-right New Patriotic Party, John Kufuor, defeated Mr. Rawling's hand-picked candidate, John Atta Mills, a former tax lawyer and longtime political figure. The Rawlings era was over.

26: But in 2009 Mr. Atta Mills eked out a narrow victory and became Ghana's third president since its return to multiparty democracy. When he delivered his inaugural speech he made no mention of Mr. Rawlings. In the past few years, Ghana has enjoyed rapid growth and plaudits from Western governments, which hail its growing democratic tradition and peaceful ways. It is a favorite destination for private investors and aid donors Mr. Obama said he chose to visit Ghana to "highlight" its adherence to democratic principles and institutions, ensuring the kind of stability that brings prosperity. He added: "The African continent is a place of extraordinary promise as well as challenges. We're not going to be able to fulfill those promises unless we see better governance." | The article is basically an overview of Ghana and what it is famous for. It explained a bit of history and mentioned all three presidents since its return to multiparty democracy. It included the background of Presidents Kwame Nkrumah, J.J. Rawlings and John Kufuor. It even briefly explains President Obama's visit to Ghana in 2009 and why he chose there. This article was beneficial in my exploration of Ghana and its land.

27: Libyan War Traps Poor Immigrants at Tripoli’s EdgeBy DAVID D. KIRKPATRICK and SCOTT SAYARE TRIPOLI, Libya — As wealthier nations send boats and planes to rescue their citizens from the violence in Libya, a new refugee crisis is taking shape on the outskirts of Tripoli, where thousands of migrant workers from sub-Saharan Africa have been trapped with scant food and water, no international aid and little hope of escape. The migrants — many of them illegal immigrants from Ghana and Nigeria who have long constituted an impoverished underclass in Libya — live amid piles of garbage, sleep in makeshift tents of blankets strung from fences and trees, and breathe fumes from a trench of excrement dividing their camp from the parking lot of Tripoli’s airport. For dinner on Monday night two men killed a scrawny, half-plucked chicken by dunking it in water boiled on a garbage fire, then hacked it apart with a dull knife and cooked it over an open fire. Some residents of the camp are as young as Essem Ighalo, 9 days old, who arrived on his second day of life and has yet to see a doctor. Many refugees said they had seen deaths from hunger and disease every night. The airport refugees, along with tens of thousands of other African migrants lucky enough to make it across the border to Tunisia, are the most desperate contingent of a vast exodus that has already sent almost 200,000 foreigners fleeing the country since the outbreak of the popular revolt against Col. Muammar el-Qaddafi nearly three weeks ago. Dark-skinned Africans say the Libyan war has caught them in a vise. The heavily armed police and militia forces loyal to Colonel Qaddafi who guard checkpoints along the roads around the capital rob them of their money, possessions and cellphone chips, the migrants say. And the Libyans who oppose Colonel Qaddafi lash out at the African migrants because they look like the dark-skinned mercenaries many here say the Libyan leader has recruited to crush the uprising.

28: “Qaddafi has brought African soldiers to kill some of them, so if they see black people they beat them,” said Samson Adda, 31, who said residents of Zawiyah, a rebellious city, had beaten him so badly that he could no longer walk. Sub-Saharan Africans make up a vast majority of the estimated 1.5 million illegal immigrants among Libya’s population of 6.5 million, according to the International Organization for Migration. Many were desperately poor people made even more so by investments of up to $1,000 each to pay smugglers to bring them across Libya’s southern border for a chance at better work in its oil economy. Their flight has emptied the streets of thousands of day laborers who played a crucial, if largely unheralded, role in sustaining Libya’s economy. Their absence has played a role in halting construction projects that had been rising across the skyline. They are trapped in part because most lack passports or other documents necessary to board a plane or cross the border. Few can afford a plane ticket. They say they are afraid to leave the airport or try their luck on the roads to the border for fear of assaults by Libyan citizens or at militia checkpoints. They complain bitterly of betrayal by their home governments, which have failed to help evacuate them even as Egyptian, Bangladeshi and Chinese migrant workers who crowded the airport a week ago have found a way out. And international aid workers, who have raced to minister to the hundreds of thousands camped on the borders, say the migrants trapped at the airport remain beyond their reach. The Libyan government’s tight security and the threat of violence on the streets of Tripoli have apparently prevented any international aid groups from reaching the makeshift camps. “We are operating out of Benghazi,” said Jean-Philippe Chauzy of the International Organization for Migration, referring to the eastern Libyan city that is the headquarters of the rebellion. “But unfortunately because of the conditions we can’t help them out of Tripoli.” The outbreak of violence in Tripoli around Feb. 20 sent migrants of all kinds fleeing for the airport. Until recently, desperate hordes of all nationalities were sleeping packed together on the floors of the terminals or in the fields and parking lots outside. Guards with whips and clubs beat them back to clear the entrance. Despite Colonel Qaddafi’s brotherly pan-African rhetoric, racial xenophobia is common here. Many Libyans, ethnically Arab, look down on Chinese, Bangladeshis and darker-skinned Africans, in that order. Many African refugees here and in the camps on the Tunisian border say Libyans often addressed them as “abd,” or slave. “Even if someone stabs you with a knife and you go to the police to report it, they won’t do anything about it,” said Paul Eke, 34, a Nigerian who was camped out at the Tunisian border, displaying a mangled arm as evidence of his firsthand experience. “In the hospitals, no one will care for you. They just don’t like blacks.” But many said it was the presence of mercenaries from other African countries that made the situation unbearable. “Qaddafi brought the mercenaries who are black, so the people are chasing us,” one 30-year-old Nigerian said.

29: To be continued... | This article basically explains the struggle that many migrant workers from sub-Sahara Africa have to grow through because they are trapped with scant food and want, no international aid and little hope of escape. Many of these illegal immigrants are from Ghana and Nigeria and have lived poorly in Libya for years. They were targeted by Qaddafi and were to be killed if seen. They are living their improvised lives in fear everyday.

30: January 16, 2011 Transforming Africa Through Higher Education By NAZANIN LANKARANI DOHA, QATAR — When Patrick Awuah left his native Ghana in 1985 to study abroad, he had little notion of the opportunities that would await him back home 13 years later. More than a decade of peace, democracy and prosperity made it possible for a Western-educated professional like Mr. Awuah to leave a successful career in the United States and return home with the single objective of improving African society through education. In 2002, Mr. Awuah founded Ashesi University College, a private, liberal arts college in Labone, a suburb of Accra, Ghana’s capital, with a small class of 30 and big dreams of transforming the continent. “Africa has reached an inflection point with the march of democracy across the continent,” said Mr. Awuah, speaking at the World Innovation Summit for Education in Doha in November, before an audience of education professionals gathered in the Qatari capital to address issues in global education. “We can bring change in one generation. How we train our leaders will make all the difference.” According to Mr. Awuah, the goal of Ashesi, whose name means “beginning” in Akan, the local language of Ghana, is to train a new ethically responsible educated elite to break the cycle of corruption on the continent. “We want to play a role in the renaissance of Africa,” he said.

31: Despite its natural resources and one of the highest GDPs per capita in Africa, Ghana, a country of about 23 million, suffers from a low 65 percent adult literacy rate, according to a 2009 United Nations Development Program report. “Only 5 percent of the population has a post-secondary education,” Mr. Awuah said. While in the United States, Mr. Awuah learned certain guiding principles as a student both at Swarthmore, a private college near Philadelphia and at Berkeley’s Haas School of Business, and later as a program manager at Microsoft in Seattle. In the late 1990s, the birth of a son and a fundraising campaign organized at Microsoft to help victims in Rwanda awakened his sense of social responsibility. “Becoming a father got me thinking what Africa would mean to my children,” Mr. Awuah said in a follow-up interview by telephone from Accra. “At the time, Africa was a mess. Somalia was in a state of anarchy. Rwanda was in the throes of genocide. I could not stay back in my middle-class Seattle suburb and do nothing.” In Ghana, Mr. Awuah realized that most college graduates lacked practical training in their own fields, making them unemployable on the job market. “We were churning out graduates who only knew theory, computer scientists who had never done any programming,” he said. “You cannot be a carpenter if you just read about hammers and nails, and never use a tool.” So he has made sure Ashesi was equipped with modern computer facilities, with the help of his supporters at Microsoft. The school’s four-year bachelor’s program designed in collaboration with professors from Berkeley, Swarthmore and the University of Washington, offers degrees in business administration, management information systems and computer science.

32: But Mr. Awuah says it’s just as important to impart a sense of responsibility to his students. “A typical African student has a stronger sense of entitlement than responsibility,” he said. “To change that is not a matter of resources. Caring about society does not require funding.” All of Ashesi’s 470 students are required to do community service before graduating. “It is a life-changing experience,” he said. “They understand that the real privilege of leadership is to help society.” Annual tuition at Ashesi ranges between $10 and $5,000, with most students benefiting from private grants. The school receives no public funding. The Ashesi University Foundation, based in Seattle, enables U.S. and international donors to support the school. Of 90 total graduates last May, 14 percent went on to graduate school abroad. Still, a majority of Ashesi’s graduates stays in Ghana. “We have a 99 percent placement within five months of graduation. Many go into banking or the oil industry,” said Ophelia Sam, Ashesi’s director of career services in a telephone interview. | This article is specifically about an individual named Patrick Awuah, who left Ghana in 1985 to study abroad. His accomplishments included founding Ashesi University College and also fundraising a campaign at Microsoft to help victims in Rwanda back in the late 1990s. He transformed his university and Ghana by equipping modern computer facilities and offers in degree in business administration, management information systems and computer science.

33: December 23, 2008 Ghana’s Image, Glowing Abroad, Is Beginning to Show a Few Blemishes at Home By LYDIA POLGREEN ACCRA, Ghana — Just a few years ago, democracy’s march across Africa seemed unstoppable. These days, it seems stalled: vote rigging in Nigeria, a convulsion of ethnic violence after disputed elections in Kenya and outright theft at the polls in Zimbabwe are among the most recent signs. That may be why those looking for reasons to be hopeful about democracy in Africa have their sights set on Ghana, the first sub-Saharan country to wrest independence from colonial power, and now a nation that appears to be bucking the antidemocratic trend. Elections to choose a new president and Parliament on Dec. 7 went smoothly and without violence. A runoff will be held Sunday between the two top presidential contenders. “In Ghana, we know how to have a democracy,” said Doris Quartey, a teacher who planned to vote for the governing party. “We are an example for the whole continent.” Ghana has long been a favorite of foreign donors and Western governments in a region often known for brutal civil wars, corruption and tyranny. With its growing economy and squeaky-clean image, Ghana is a frequently cited success story. Yet roiling just below the surface are tensions over how the country has been governed, who is benefiting from economic growth and whether corruption is on the rise. Some people here worry that the country’s image as a bastion of peace and democracy is merely a sign of the low expectations outsiders have for Africa.

34: “Let’s allow that Ghana has achieved some things,” said Yao Graham, a writer and activist who leads the Third World Network, a research and advocacy institution with a regional office here. “But for this to be the yardstick of a continent is to set very low expectations for a billion people across Africa.” The transfer of power from one party to another is almost a humdrum affair here, having already happened once since the country made the transition from military rule to democracy in 1992. If everything goes without a hitch, two elected presidents will have left office peacefully and willingly after serving out their constitutionally allotted maximum terms. The first round of voting was largely free of violence, and there were only a handful of complaints of irregularities, according to international observers. The governing, center-right New Patriotic Party nominated Nana Akufo-Addo, the country’s former foreign minister, as its candidate. The opposition National Democratic Congress nominated John Atta Mills, a lawyer and professor who has twice run unsuccessfully for president. The opposition has already won a plurality of seats in the parliamentary election, which was held along with the first round of the presidential balloting, though several seats remain contested. If Mr. Akufo-Addo wins, he will seek to extend Ghana’s impressive economic growth and ensure that a greater number of people share in the country’s prosperity, said Jake Obetsebi-Lamptey, a senior official with the governing party. “We can take the progress we have made and turn it into real gains in the standard of living of all Ghanaians,” he said. The opposition said that the governing party’s record looked impressive on paper, but that in reality many Ghanaians found themselves worse off than before. “This has been a period of increasing corruption and a broadening gap between rich and poor,” said James Gbeho, a senior opposition official who has served in many top government posts over the years. “For most people, progress has been an illusion.”

35: Ghana has long been a symbol of Africa’s vast promise, but also of the many pitfalls that have plagued the continent in the postcolonial era. After it won independence in 1957, the Pan-African ideas of Ghana’s founding leader, Kwame Nkrumah, helped inspire a generation of liberation struggles. But the dream soon soured. His ideas forged a strong national identity that helped Ghana escape the ethnic strife of many of its neighbors. Still, Mr. Nkrumah’s poorly planned efforts to quickly build an industrial economy drained the country’s treasury and hobbled its growth, historians say. Multiparty democracy gave way to single-party rule. The economy collapsed. Mr. Nkrumah, once seen as a hero for all of Africa, was overthrown by the military in 1966, and few here mourned his departure. He was exiled to Guinea, and in 1972 he died an angry, bitter man. | This article speaks of Ghana's accomplishments as a nation but the main point is that these accomplishments are showing a lot of problems and difficulties that are destroying the country and will continue to in the near future.

36: Ghana Faces Multiple Warnings Over High Oil Growth Nico Colombant | Washington While Ghana's oil-fueled economy is now forecast to grow as much as 16 percent this year, the highest rate in the world, economists are warning there remain serious risks the current boom will not be beneficial to most Ghanaians. An expected 2011 growth figure of 16.3 percent for Ghana's gross domestic product was stated in the recent "African Markets Revealed" report by South Africa's Standard Bank. A more moderate estimate of 13.6 percent growth for the year was issued last month by Ghana's government. Whatever the exact number, the jump in growth, which was at five percent last year, is due to Ghana's emergence as an oil producer. Economists warn there are many risks in this sudden growth, including the so-called "Dutch disease". This can happen when exploiting natural resources leads to a stronger national currency and a subsequent decline in other economic sectors. The name was given after economic problems in the Netherlands followed that country's discovery of a large natural gas field in the late 1950s. Chris Jackson, a senior economist with the World Bank, repeated the warning at a Thursday Washington event focused on Ghana's future. "We have got oil, (so) we have got the potential implications of Dutch disease with exchange rate appreciation and the damage that that can do the non-oil booming sectors," Jackson said. Jackson gave the example of export-crop farmers, whose goods, such as pineapple or cocoa, would become more expensive and less competitive globally.

37: Ian Gary, an oil expert with Oxfam America, warned Ghana's Jubilee oil field, which went online in December 2010, is underperforming and producing about 80,000 barrels a day, rather than the expected 120,000 barrels. Gary also expressed concerns that new laws, which took years to craft, are being ignored, such as saving current oil profits to absorb future shocks in world oil prices. "Instead of putting the surplus into a savings account, the way that the revenue management act called for those were put directly into the budget for spending this year. Another issue that has arisen is the $3 billion loan with China for infrastructure and that loan violates the provisions of the revenue management act. The revenue management act allows oil to be used as collateral for loans up to 10 years but this would be a 15-year loan," Gary said. | This article focuses on the 2011 growth figure of Ghana's gross domestic product. Now that Ghana is a oil-fueled economy, the growth as gone up as much as 16 percent this year, the highest in the world and economists are warning there remain serious risks the current boom will not be beneficial to most Ghanaians.

38: Dear Mom, In case you're wondering which I know you are, I am doing great. The people of Ghana are very inviting and amiable just like you said. I arrived to this foreign place very apprehensive but soon grew accustomed to everything within days. During a tour of some of the most famous places, we passed through Imina Castle which was a former slave trade center on Ghana's coast. It was originally built by the Portuguese in 1482 but was used by the dutch. It brought me to tears as we silently walked through each corridor, glancing at the walls, ceilings and floors of where many kidnapped Africans were held captive and later transported to various locations in America. This was such a historic place and one of the most amazing experiences that will forever be embedded in my memory. I love you and hope to see you soon.

39: Dear Tierra, I miss you already. My visit here to Ghana is incredible and I wish you were wish me. You know as much as we love food, the food here is AMAZING. Every single meal has a spicy taste to it (which I know we love) and will keep you full for hours. One of my favorites is a dessert. Its sort of like pound cake but in a ball form. It is more doughy and sugary but extremely delicious. The proper term is Bofrot, Togbei or Puff Puff. Hopefully I can get some passed airport security so you can have a taste. Hope to see you soon.

40: Dear Vicky, I think the thing you would love most about Ghana is the scenery. I know how much you love warm weather and the weather here is just that. It's not too hot and sunny but yet its not too chilly. The scenery is surprisingly very breath taking. Ghana is known for its 350 mile coastline. Ghana is definitely a sight worth seeing with our own naked eyes.

41: Works Citied - Photos & Artifacts | - http://betumiblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/recipe-28a-bofrot-togbei-puff-puff.html - http://www.cepsghana.org/tag/atlantic-ocean - City View. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. . - Farm Goods. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. . - Firewood. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. . - Fishing Boats. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 14 Oct. 2011. . - Water Supply. 2008. Collection of Culture Grams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 7 Oct. 2011. .

42: - Gas Pumping. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. . - Harbor. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. proQuest, 2011. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. . - Slave Trade Center. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. . - Street. 2008. Collection of Culture Grams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 7 Oct. 2011. . - Weavers. 2008. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2011. Web. 28 Oct. 2011. . - "Ghana." The New York Times 17 July 2009: n. pag. The New York Times. Web. 10 Nov. 2011. .

43: - Kirkpatrick, David D., and Scott Sayare. "Libyan War Traps {ppr Immigrants at Tripoli's Edge." The New York Times 7 Mar. 2011: n. pag. The New York Times. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. . - Lankarani, Nazanin. "Transforming Africa Through Higher Education." The New York Times 16 Jan. 2011: n. pag. The New York Times. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. . - Polgreen, Lydia. "Ghana's Image, Glowing Abroad, Is Beginnings to Show a Few Blemishes at Home." The New York Times 23 Dec. 2008: n. pag. The New York Times. Web. 11 Nov. 2011. . | Documents | - Ghana Government. Ghana Government Official Portal. Ghana's President Mills Today Delivered His Keystone Address At The 66th UN General Meeting In New York. Ghana Government. N.p., 23 Sept. 2011. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. .

44: "Chapter 001: The Constitution of the Republic of Ghana 1992." Judicial Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2011. . | Hope you enjoyed my scrapbook of Ghana !

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  • By: Christina N.
  • Joined: about 5 years ago
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About This Mixbook

  • Title: Ghana Peace Corps
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  • Started: about 5 years ago
  • Updated: about 5 years ago

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