S: How All of the Buffalo Died
BC: The end
FC: Going West to Forget About Our Problems | By Nate Bean | April 26, 2010
1: Andrew Jackson, the 7th president of the United States | As president, he wanted to be the direct representative of the common man. One of his main goals was for Westward Expansion. | He was a supporter of Indian Removal because he thought that the land would be better used by American than the native population. | Andrew Jackson | "Americans are not a perfect people, but we are called to a perfect mission." | He died on June 8, 1845
2: Andrew Jackson and the bank | Andrew Jackson fought against the Bank of the United States. He complained that ordinary citizens had no control over it. | The bank controlled much of the country's money and was run by private bankers. | The bank "represented everything that Jackson hated." He refused to sign the charter in 1836, and the bank was forced to close
3: "Old hickory" | Jackson was born in a log cabin and fought for the Patriots in the Revolutionary War. | He also fought in the War of 1812. He grew famous after defeating the Creeks at at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend as well as the British in New Orleans. | He promised equality to all white males and grew popular with the lower class during his presidency. | The way he looked at politics was different than anything that was done before, and those methods are still practiced today
4: Eli Whitney | Eli Whitney was perhaps the most important inventor of this time period | He invented the cotton gin, arguably the most important invention of the time, and helped invent the milling machine. He was also credited with inventing the first musket that used interchangeable parts.
5: Cotton Gin | The cotton gin helped revolutionize the cotton industry in the South, which eventually became one of their most important crops. Before such a process took hundreds of hours, while his cotton gin could process up to 50 pounds of cotton per day!
6: Other Important Inventions | Besides Eli Whitney's numerous inventions, there were many more very important ones. | Water power was an important method that was used during this time period. It helped power mills of all kind function, and was one of the prime factors of the industrial revolution. | Water powered mill
7: Early American steamboat | There were many other important inventions during this time, but these were some of the most important. | John Fitch received the first patent for a steamboat in 1791. | Between then and the Civil War there were many other improved designs of such steamboats. | This new method of transportation helped usher in the Industrial Revolution
8: Indian Removal | Many settlers and others wanted to force the Indians living in the Southeast to relocate and give their land to the settlers. President Jackson supported this idea. | The Indian Removal Act was passed in 1830. This act allowed the federal government to pay American Indians for their land. The president sent people to negotiate with the Native Americans. Congress also created a territory for the displaced Indians to live in present-day Oklahoma. | Some Indian nations, such as the Cherokee, refused to give up their land.
9: The Trail of Tears | In 1835, some Cherokee signed a treaty giving up all Cherokee land. But most Cherokee refused to honor the treaty. They wrote to the U.S. government saying, "We are aware that some persons suppose it will be for our advantage to remove beyond the Mississippi... Our people universally think otherwise... We wish to remain on the land of our fathers>" | B | But despite their pleas, they were forced to leave. An army of many thousand soldiers escorted them. Thousands of Cherokee died on this brutal trip.
10: American Economic Freedom and Prosperity | The Economic system in use by the united states was called capitalism. Under this system, people put their money into businesses to make profit | The major elements of this system are competition,profit,private property, and economic freedom. | To make money, a seller had to make the best available product at the lowest price,which made businesses make better products.
11: The good economy from the industrial revolution was influenced by new technology, location, and workers
12: The California Gold Rush | People from all over the world came California, looking for gold. More than 80,000 people arrived in 1849 alone! Over $6 million dollars worth of gold was collected, and the world's supply of gold doubled! | Boomtowns were formed overnight. In these towns there were few women and hordes of thieves and bandits. Most people didn't find anything, and the people who actually made the most money were merchants selling to the miners.
13: Long term effects | Although it only lasted a few years there were many long term affects. Many boomtowns became permanent cities. San Francisco transformed into a city of 20,000 people from a small village. The total population rose from 20,000 to 220,000 and California eventually became a state. | Many people also immigrated to California from other countries looking for fortune. Those people are the ancestors of many people who live in California today in diverse communities.
14: The Oregon Trail | Settling of the Oregon territory was first started by Christian missionaries. | There was a depression following the Panic of 1837, and many people lost everything. Many of those people decided to migrate to Oregon | This 2,000 mile journey was mostly taken by covered wagons. One major destination was Willamette Valley, just south of the Columbia River.
15: Manifest Destiny | Manifest Destiny was the believe that it was America's destiny to possess the whole continent, from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific. | This belief influenced Westward Expansion. It even influenced the decision to go to war with Mexico over a few territories. | This had long term effects relating to obtaining territories such as Texas, California, and New Mexico
16: The Annexation of Texas | 362 | The Annexation of Texas | During 1835 military action was taken by Mexico against the American settlers in Texas. This reached reached its climax at the Battle of the Alamo. | The Texans were defeated by General Santa Anna, but there brave struggle became a symbol for the freedom of Texas. | After Texas declared its independence, an army lead by Sam Houston was created to fight Santa Anne. They defeated the Mexican army in the Battle of San Jacinto and forced Santa ANne to sign a treaty recognizing Texas as a free nation.
17: War with Mexico! | James K. Polk, the President of the United States,was determined to get the New Mexico and California territories from Mexico. When they refused to sell them, Polk decided to take them through War. | After huge victories in New Mexico and Texas the United States only needed to take Mexico City. By mid-September, 1847, General Winfield Scott took Mexico CIty and the Mexican Government surrendered. | The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in February, 1848.This treaty gave the U.S. California, New Mexico, and also moved the border to the Rio Grande River.
18: The era of good feelings! | After the war of 1812, the Federalist Party was weakened and almost everyone supported the Republicans. | Because of the lack of political differences, this time was called The Era of Good Feelings | The President, James Monroe ,symbolized these feelings. he even toured the nation and was well-liked by almost everyone. | But this didn't last forever...
19: Sectionalism | This signaled the end of The Era of Good Feelings. This feeling was caused by the strong allegiance most Americans felt towards the region they lived in. | One huge issue that divided the North and the South was slavery. Most southerners considered it a necessity, while most Northerners were opposed to it
20: CConC | Thinking like a Historian | Who/what made change happen? President Andrew Jackson initiated more change in the united States than anyone else during his era. His support of Indian Removal changed Westward Expansion. He also helped the common man become more involved in politics,which is very important today
21: What can we learn from the past? We can learn from mistakes our ancestors have made,such as Indian Removal, and make sure to prevent similar events from happening again. Thinking about the early settlers also helps you appreciate the trouble that people endured to make this country a great place. | What has remained the same? People still see America as a land of opportunity where they can make a living doing what they want. People are also still inventing new things and improving existing ones to advance industries and the overall quality of life
22: How did people in the past view their world? The settlers viewed their world as a land of opportunity where they could get a new start. They also viewed it as an untamed land where they could make their mark on the world. | How did decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? The decision to remove American Indians from their native lands had terrible consequences for them. Many were killed resisting, and some were killed in other means, such as on The Trail of Tears. They lost sacred land and some of their traditions were lost. Today they are trying to reverse the effects of such actions.
23: Citations | The American Republic to 1877. Student ed. The McGraw-Hill Companies Inc., 2005. Print | Bellis, Mary. "The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney." About.com: Inventors. About.com, n.d. Web. 26 Apr 2010.