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Greek Mythology

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Greek Mythology - Page Text Content

BC: Greek Mythology Heidi Sosa

FC: Greek Mythology Heidi Sosa

1: Greek Mythology is the body of traditional tales concerning the gods, heroes, and rituals of the ancient Greeks.

2: Gaia is known as the mother of all gods but is best known as the goddess of the earth.

3: Gaia was borm from Chaos. In the beginning, the only thing was Chaos. He was the nothingness of space. Gaia appeared from Chaos and so did Nyx, Tartarus, Erebus, and Ero. Gaia was an early earth goddess. | Parthenogenetically, Gaia had created many children, maybe over 50 in total. Although, some are more known than others. Gaia created Uranus (the god of the sky), Pontus (the god of the sea), and Ourea (the god of the mountains).

4: Uranus was the god of the sky. He was the embodiment of the sky and heaven. | He was the first son of Gaia, otherwise known as the goddess of the Earth.

5: Uranus was the first son of Gaia and he soon became her husband. He was known as the god of the sky and the father of gods. He and Gaia had many children. Some of these special children were titans. They had six boys and six girls. The boys were named: Oceanus, Coeius, Crius, Hyperion, Iapetus, and Cronus. The girls were named: Theia, Rhea, Themis, Mnemosyne, Phoebe, and Tethys.

7: Other than these offspring, there were more. There were the Cyclopes, Hectaconchires and the Erinyes. The Cyclopes wre one-eyed giants. There were three of them and they were named Bronets, Steropes, and Arges. The Hecatonchires were three creatures that had one-hundred hands and fifty heads each. Their names were Briareus, Cottus, and Gyes. Erinyes were spirits of punishment and goddesses of vengeance. The Erinyes avenged wrongs done to the family. Uranus was very ashamed of these monstrous children.

8: Uarnus and Gaia's children were very powerful and had great strength. Uranus feared this and he decided to hide them in the bowels of Tartarus. (Tartarus is the lowest region of the world, as far below earth as earth is from heaven.) Gaia was the earth and below her was her bowel, wich was Tartarus. Gaia felt pained and uncomfortable with this so she decided to make a plan. Her plan was to end the passions of Uranus, so no more offspring could be produced and that would be the ending of her hurt. To make this plan work, she needed help from her children. | Cronus was a titan. He was the ruler of the world, until he was dethroned by his own son. he was the sun of

9: Cronus envied Uranus, he helped Gaia with her plan. She gave Cronus an adamantine sickle. | One night, when Uranus came to lay with Gaia, Cronus struck Uranus as he drew closer. He cut off Uranus's genitals. From the blood that fell from the open wound were born nymphs, and giants. Cronus threw the genitals into the ocean and a sudden foam appeared. From this foam, Aphrodite was born.

10: Cronus was a Titan. He was the ruler of the world until he was dethroned by his own son, Zeus. Cronus was the son of Uranus and Gaia. Out of the 12 titans, Cronus was the youngest.

11: Cronus married his sister, Rhea. They had children as well. He and Rhea had six children named: Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Hades, Poseidon and Zeus. As said before, Cronus castrated his father, Uranus. After he castrated Uranus, he and Rhea took the throne. During his time of ruling, the time became to be known as "The Golden Age." It was a time of no chaos, of no violence. He was soon foretold that he'd be dethrones by one of his children. Cronus soon realized that fate would dethrone him regardless of anything. He feared this, and so to prevent this from happening to him, he swallowed his children whole.

12: Here is a picture sculrpure of Rhea giving Cronus the rock wrapped in Zeus's clothing to swallow. This was her plan to save her sixth son.

13: Rhea did not want all of her children swallowed by Cronus. She was given help by Gaia to rescue Zeus and to get him as far away from Cronus as possible. She hid Zeus in the Dictean Cave in Crete and gave Cronus a stone wrapped in Zeus's infant clothes and he swallowed it thinking he had really swallowed the last of his children. As soon as Zeus reached maturity, he overpowered and dethroned his own father and made Cronus disgorge, or throw up his siblings. Rhea was happy to have back her other five children.

14: Zeus was the one child who wasnt swallowed by his father, Cronus. His mother, Rhea tricked his father into swallowing a rock, thinking it was his last son to swallow. He was hidden by his mother for his own safety. When he reached maturity, he was powerful enough to take control over his father and the Titans. After he dethroned his father, he was reunited with his siblings after they were taken out of Cronus. Zeus led the revolt against his father and the dynasty of the Titans, defeated and then banished them.

16: Zeus is represented as the god of justice and mercy, the protector of the weak, and the punisher of the wicked.

17: Zeus played an important role in Greek Mythology. Zeus was a powerful Olympian and Greek god. He was the youngest son of Cronus and Rhea. As being the supreme ruler, he upheld laws, justice and morals. Zeus was also known as the weather god, worshipped by most Greeks. With the lightening bolt as his main attribute, he corntolled thunder, lightening, and rain. He created thunderstorms and sent them to his enemies.

19: After being rescued by his mother, Rhea, Zeus was left in a cave in Crete. In Crete, he was raised and protected by the goat, Almathea and several Nymphs and Curetes. The Nymphs, female spiritas of nature, fed Zeus the milk of the goat. The Curetes guarded the cave in where Zeus stayed. They'd have to clash spears on their shields when Zeus cryed so that his voice wouldn't be discovered by Cronus. etis would give birth to a child that would soon become the lord of heaven. Zeus feared the fact of him losing his power of ruling the world and so he swallowed Metis while she was pregnant.

21: Zeus was married to Hera. Hera was the goddess of Marriage. He was married to her, although he had several affairs with othes. He'd had the ability to disguise himself in many forms. He used these disguised to seduce many. Hera was extremely jealous of Zeus's affairs and so she became enemy of his mistresses and children. Zeus either raped them, or used devious means to seduce the unsuspecting maidens. Hera cast spells on serveral people due to his amorous conquests.

22: Soon, Zeus started maturing. He became the god of the heavens. He had help from Metis in order to make Cronus give back his siblings. Metis gave Cronus a pill in which led him to disgorge the swallowed children. Metis was the wisest among the gods. The prophecy showed that Metis would give birth to a child that would soon become the lord of heaven. Zeus feared the fact of him losing his power of ruling the world and so he swallowed Metis while she was pregnant. When the time for birth came, Prometheus (Otherwise known as Hephaestus) smote the head of Zeus with an axe, and Athena, fully armed, came out of the top of his head at the river Triton in Libya. This is how Athena was born.

23: In simpler words, one day Zeus claimed that he had the worst headache in history, and ordered Prometheus, the craftsman god, to split his head open with an axe. He did so and Athena sprang. from his forehead. She was full grown and in armour.

24: There were many creatures in Greek Mythology, including Medusa.

25: Medusa was a myth of Greek Mythology. She was the daughter of Phorkys and Keto (the children of Gaia as well). She was one of the sisters known as "The Gorgons". Her sisters were Sthenno and Euryale. She was the only mortal out of the three. She was very beautiful at one point and lived far in the North. She had very beautiful hair, silky ringlets, and it was her most powerful charm. One day she was foolish enough to compare herself to a goddess. She dared to vie in beauty with Athena.

26: Medusa was eventually destroyed. One night, while she was sleeping, Pereus snuck up on her carefully and cut her head off. He took the head to Athena.

27: Athena wa sthe goddess of prudent intelligence. Athena decided to take away her charm. She replaced her lovely ringlets with hissing snakes. Medusa then became a terrifying monster. She was said to be so terrifying that one glance at her would turn you into stone. Atfer Medusa was killed, Athena took the head, given to her by Perseus, and Athena fixed it in the middle of her Aegis.

29: Out of the many sons Zeus has had, Hercules also known as Hercales, has always been the one best known. Hercules's father was Zeus of course, but he was not Hera's son, he was Alcmene's child. Hercules was a divine hero. He was the greatest of Greek heroes and he was very masculine. Extraordinary strength, courage, ingenuity, and sexual prowess with both males and females were among his characteristic attributes. His first wife was Megara and he had a family with her. Hera a curse on Hercules to make him go mad and he killed his children. Soon, he was taken off the spell by another god and he realized what he'd done. He begged to have the crime taken away from him. In order for this to be done, he had to perform several tasks to make it happen. he succeeded with these tasks. Megara was then married off to Hercule's twin brother. Hercules had about 3 wives. His last wife, Deianira, grew jealous after suspecting a relationship with Lole, a beautiful daughter of Eurytus and she soaked his shirt in a mizture that burned anything it touched. He put it on a dropped in agany. After his death, the gods transformed him into an immortal, and he married Hebe.

30: Resources http://www.pantheon.org/articles/c/cronus.html http://www.goddessaday.com/greek/gaia http://www.greekmythology.com/

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