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Gunpowder in Ancient China

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S: Gunpowder

FC: Gunpowder in Ancient China Luis E

1: This is dedicated to all 6th graders who are reading this

2: Hey! You, you want to learn some things, cool things about gunpowder and fireworks. You should stop and read this because it has awesome and lots of interesting facts you may want to know. It doesn't only talk about fireworks. It also talks about Chinese inventions like bombs, grenades and cool names for artillery made those days in Ancient China. You will find out the secrets of fireworks and how deadly bombs were made back then!

4: It all started when Chinese invented gunpowder. They Filled bamboo tubes with gunpowder, and then they put the tube on fire and threw them up in the sky. When it exploded it made a beautiful and colorful boom. Some colors were added to the gunpowder to make it colorful like, Indigo to make blue green, White lead carbonate to make white, Red lead tetroxide to make red. Cinnabar to make purple, Arsenical sulfides to make yellow. They also added small steel particles to make the firework sparkle. They learn how to make colorful blazes of fire by grinding charcoal and sulfur very fine. The people who made them learned how to shape and pack the powder so that when it burst, it would make attractive patterns in the sky.

5: The best bang or explosion was made from a mixture of four parts of saltpeter, one part of charcoal, and one part of sulfur. They believed that the yang (positive) and yin (negative) were like saltpeter and sulfur because positive and negative made gunpowder. They also invented the firecrackers, whose big sharp booms became part of every Chinese celebration. In a province called Hunan they make over 300 varieties of fireworks. But not everything they made was colorful and nice. They would use gunpowder for other reasons, deadly reasons.

8: The Chinese made a book called “Book of Fire” it said that by mixing one pound of sulfur, two pounds of charcoal, and six of saltpeter would make explosive powder. In the 10th century Chinese started using gunpowder for military uses, some examples of use of this in war were called “Missile”, “Fire Ball”, and “Rocket”. They noticed that the use of gunpowder in war had a good impact against enemy forces. So they thought about making a bomb that would make a lot of noise, so they did. They called it the “The Thunder Clap” bomb, when it exploded it made so much noise because of the amount of saltpeter.

9: But the only thing that made this wonderful bomb fail was that it could only be thrown short distances, if they kept using the thunder clap they would probably have lost many men in war. But they hadn’t failed at all. They still had chances to invent something better. In the 13th century, they invented a bronze gun called “Fire Cannon”. This was now a great success. Finally the Chinese could recover their lost warriors in battles, and stand back up again to fight for their lands. After this great invention they made more, one of them was called the “Fire Stone”.

10: They used a catapult to throw this deadly bomb across the sky and land on their enemies. The Fire Stone were artillery shells that were filled with loads of “Fire Drug” (lot of gunpowder). They also invented grenades. They were made by stuffing gunpowder into a paper box, igniting it and hurling it.

12: The Chinese were more interested on Fireworks than on Bombs. But there was immediate use of Bombs in war. So they had to keep moving and inventing. They Chinese weren’t s good with gunpowder and manufacturing bombs. They didn’t want war. While Europe was designing and manufacturing bombs with the Chinese invention of gunpowder, the Chinese were stuck with nothing to invent, they found themselves way behind on artillery. Their creativity was gone. The Romans invented a candle that was called by its name “Roman Candle”. Somehow the Chinese found out this invention.

13: The Chinese decided that they should make their own version of the “Roman Candle”, so they did. Their version was made of packing alternating layers of loose and compressed gunpowder into bamboo tubes. After everything was ready and done, they would light up the bamboo tube and they would throw them as far as they could. While the Chinese version of the Roman candle was in the air, the gunpowder inside would burn from top to bottom and then small wood pieces would fly out and get stuck on enemies. After that happened, the whole bamboo would burn into ashes.

14: Then they created the “Heaven Quaking Thunderer”. They say that it was an iron vessel filled with loads of “Fire Drug”. Because of its amount of fire drug, the “Heaven Quaking Thunderer” made a lot of noise when it exploded. It made so much noise that it could be heard from more than 30 miles away, in fact, this was the first cannon ever made. The “Thunderer” was a simple bomb filled with gunpowder that was thrown by catapults.

16: In conclusion the Chinese had their moment with artillery. They did a lot of bombs but they are always going to be known for being the first civilization to create gunpowder and off course fireworks that are made with gunpowder. What you have read is important to know, and what says on the first paragraph is what the Chinese like to do. Although everyone does, because we prefer bright and colorful explosions than deadly bombs. Thanks for reading, I hope you learn from this essay or you have more knowledge about gunpowder and its uses.

18: Quiz 1. What did the Chinese think made gunpowder? 2. Which bomb made so much noise that because of the amount of saltpeter? 3. How is the Chinese town called were there are more than 300 varieties of fireworks? 4. What three things were needed in order to have a good explosion? 5. What were Chinese more interested on?

19: Works Cited Baker, Charles F. “Whats New In, Sumer?” Calliope Oct. 2006: 5. Print. Bridgeman, Roger. 1000 Inventions and Discoveries. London, New York, Melbourne: Smithsonian Institution, 2002. Print. Davidson, Miachel Worth, and Neal V. Martin. Every Day Life Through The Ages. New York: Readers Digest, 1992. Print. Podany, Amanda H., and Marni McGee. The Ancient Near Eastern World. New York: Oxford, 2005. Print. Scales, Jason A. World Book. Chicago: Worl Book Encyclopidea, 2006. Print. - - -. World Book Encyclopidea. Chicago: World Book, 2006. Print.

20: Bibliographies 1.http://history.cultural-china.com/en/37H6314H12136.html 2.http://wiudwing.blogspot.com/2008_09_01_archive.html 3.http://history.cultural-china.com/en/182History5440.html 4.http://wiudwing.blogspot.com/2008/09/china-ancient-weapon.html 5.http://villainouscompany.com/vcblog/archives/2008/02/mitt_mitt_where.html

21: 6.http://warrumbungle.local-e.nsw.gov.au/environment/1802.html 7.http://ffden-2.phys.uaf.edu/211.fall2000.web.projects/I.%20Brewster/History.html 8.http://history.msfc.nasa.gov/rocketry/03.html 9.

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