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FC: Courage At Little Round Top | By Rowland DePree and Peter Andrews
1: Courage, Honor, and Responsibility | The following is a account of Col. Chamberlain and the 20th Maine during the battle for Little Round Top | How did the 20th Maine survive and manage to hold little round top while an army of Confederates were at there door step?
3: The Civil War had been going on for a couple of years with no side gaining an advantage over the other. Soon General Lee decided to launch a campaign to capture Washington D.C. He ended up going through Gettysburg to get to Harrisburg, but the Union army caught up to him and the Battle for Gettysburg had begun...
5: The Battle for Gettysburg started on July 1, 1863. On July 2, 1863 the order was given by General Lee to assault Little Round Top. The 15th and 47th Alabama regiments commanded by Col. William Oats (Major General Laws companies) marched on Little Round Top.
6: Col. William Oats would be commanding his forces against Col. Chamberlain. For Col. Chamberlain this would be his first decisive battle.
7: Col. Chamberlain commanded the 20th Maine. These men would be tested beyond all measures in the coming hours of July 2nd.
8: At 4:30 p.m., the 47th and 15th Alabama regiments attacked Col. Chamberlain and his troops on Little Round Top. A couple hours later, Major General Sickles defied his orders. Major General Meade dispatched his chief engineer to deal with the situation; and the chief engineer gave the 20th Maine along with about three other regiments the task of keeping Little Round Top under Union control.
10: The Confederate troops took up positions at the bottom of the hill and began to engaged Col. Chamberlain's men. | Col. Chamberlain's men began to return fire at the Confederates. Though, the 20th Maine had the higher ground and a better defenable position, the Confederates had more man power.
11: The first wave of Confederates were cut down at the hands of Col. Chamberlain's troops; but they were going to keep coming stronger.
12: Major General Law continued to throw troops at the 20th Maine hoping the Union troops would eventually give up.
13: The 20th Maine was managing to hold on and hold back the Confederate troops; but they were running low on man power and ammunition.
14: The final and largest Confederate regiment was making its final assault on Little Round Top.
15: With very little, to no, ammunition per man, Col. Chamberlain had a tough decision to make. The runners he sent to the 150th Pennsylvania regiment said they can't spare any ammunition. Either he could retreat or hold his ground. Col. Chamberlain ordered his men to fix bayonets and charge in a right wheel forward.
16: The 20th Maine rushed down Little Round Top and took the Confederates by surprise, forcing them to either retreat or surrender. At the end of the charge, one man said to Col. Chamberlain, "I've been marching these prisoners with a empty musket." Col. Chamberlain replied, "Not so loud."
17: Col. Chamberlain's brains and the 20th Maine's bravery gave them the ability to manage to hold Little Round Top and the extreme left of the Union army. Because of the defense of Little Round Top, Col. Chamberlain gave the Union a great advantage over the Confederate army, thus winning them the battle of Gettysburg.