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History - Page Text Content

FC: I.N.S.P.E.C.T Through History By Emma Fowler

1: Table of Contents... Ideas Natural Social Political Economic Cultural Technology Thinking Like a Historian Works Cited

2: Ideas The First Census The first census (an official count of a population) of the US was taken in 1790, it showed that the population was almost four million. The first enumeration began on Monday August 2, 1790. It was shortly after the inauguration of President Washington and before the end of the second session of congress ended. Indian Removal Act The Indian removal allowed the federal government to pay Native Americans to move west. The Indian Removal Act took place in 1830.

3: The Monroe Doctrine President Monroe first outlined the Monroe Doctrine in his seventh annual message to Congress, December 2nd, 1893. It was an outline on the activities and rights of European activities and rights in the western hemisphere.

4: Natural Agriculture Agriculture greatly started to expand in the West. The north eastern farms tended to be small, and in the south cotton production increased | by quite a bit. The reason for this expansion was the people from the states moving west. Canals To help steamboat travel, government officials came up with a plan to link New York City with the Great Lakes region; they decided to build canals. Canals were just artificial waterways, and it was built across New York State and it connected Albany, on the Hudson River, with Buffalo, on Lake Erie.

5: River Travel River travel had great advantages over wagon or horse travel. It was much quicker, and pioneers could load all of their things of river barges. River travel had two problems though. First, the geography of the eastern part of the U.S. made it difficult. Most rivers used for travel ran north to south, which was sometimes the opposite way pioneers wanted to go.

6: Britain Peace Many Americans realized that the U.S. needed peace with Britain tho grow and develop. The U.S. had to put differences aside and establish a new relationship with the "Old World". (continues) | Social The peace treaty talks between the U.S. and Mexico began in January 1848. The treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed in February. Its provisions required Mexico to cede 55% of its territory in exchange for fifteen million dollars in compensation for war-related damages.

7: Relationships with Britain The war of 1812 increased American pride in their country. As Abigail Adams wrote "Do you know that European birds have not half the melody of ours... nor their manners so pure, nor their people half so virtuous." She was writing this to her brother back in America. But at the same time, Americans wanted peace with Britain.

8: Political James Monroe was a very important president of this time. He came up with the Monroe Doctrine (that I talked about before) and he served as president from 1817 to 1825. He was born in Westmoreland County, Virginia in 1758. | He went to the college of William and Mary, and he served in the Continental Army. He even practiced law in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

9: Andrew Jackson was president from 1829 to 1837. He was born in the Carolinas in 1767 and he received sporadic education. He started to read and study law in his teens and became an outstanding lawyer.

10: Economic Because of the growth of industry, workers were short in supply. People working in homes or or workshops made cloth, and most other goods. In the 1700s, the way goods were made began to change. British inventors created machinery to perform some of the work involved in cloth making, like spinning. The changes in the system brought | about were so great that this historic development is known as the Industrial Revolution. Most of the British machines even ran on water power. In many of the larger cities of the north east many people were building factories. And now, because of the new businesses, people didn't buy items that had been made at home or in factories in | Europe, now people bought factory-made clothes and shoes and tools. And then, instead of working on farms, more and more people started to come to the cities to work in the factories. A lot of people came from Europe and stayed in the cities to work.

12: Cultural | Men took part in sports such as wrestling and baseball. Abner Doubleday invented baseball in 1839 and it quickly became the most popular sport for Americans. In 1869 the Cincinnati Red Socks were the very first organized team. | Although most women did not participate in any sports, they would get together for things like quilting and sewing parties. After they became married, they were responsible for all the day-to-day sewing that was needed to keep their families clothed and provided with basic linens. Men and women would get together for things called cornhuskings- were farms shared the work.

13: Women wore long flowing skirts, a blouse with low neckline and then a separate half-blouse with a partially high neckline (worn under the low neckline blouse). Women also wore hats and shawls which were considered a stylish accessory, and necessary in cold weather. The shoes they wore were not comfortable, either. They could fit on both feet and made of leather.

14: Technology In 1764 James Hargreaves invented the spinning-jenny. This machine used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun from a corresponding set of rovings. By turning just one wheel, the operator could spin eight threads at once. Later, improvements were made and it could spin eighty. The thread that the machine produced was coarse and lacked strength, making it suitable only for the filling of weft, the threads woven across the warp. The water frame was invented by Richard Arkwright. Arkwright's machine used three sets of paired rollers that turned at different speeds. While these rollers produced yarn of the correct thickness, a set of spindles twisted the fibers firmly together. The machine was able to produce a thread that was far stronger than that made by the spinning-jenny

15: The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney, who was from Massachusetts. The cotton gin was a machine that quickly removed the seeds from the cotton fiber, it allowed one worker to clean cotton as fast as it would take fifty people working by hand.

16: Thinking Like a Historian Overall, there were many different events that affected people throughout this era of history. One big thing was the trail of tears. The trail of tears affected many American Indian tribes, but it also affected the U.S. The trail of tears took away the Indians homeland, and killed thousands. As for the Americans, it changed their communities because they now could move into the western part of the U.S. (westward expansion). The American Indians did not benefit from the trail of tears and Indian Removal Act. Since then, Indians kept losing their land, and kept being moved into smaller spaces until now where they have virtually none of their original homeland left. But, with what happened then, it helps us realize just why they don't have much of their anymore. The past doings with all of the Indians being moved makes it easy to see why they don't have their homeland now. The decision to remove the Indians drastically transformed their lives. Many of them lost family members due to sickness, and they lost the place they had grown up. The decision to remove Indians transformed many of their lives forever. The reason the American Indians were moved was because the whole world was viewed as a big piece of real estate. Nations believed that if they made a treaty, or if they were a stronger people, they could just invade and take the land that others may have already been inhabiting. | Works Cited avalon.yale.edu/19th_century/monroe.asp pbs.org google search indian removal act loc.gov/rr/hispanic/hgtreaty http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/jamesmonroe http://www.historyforkids.org/learn/northamerica/after1500/economy/index.htm http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/TEXjenny.htm

17: Works Cited Goldman, Lillian. "Monroe Doctrine; December 2 1823 ." The Avalon Project. Yale Law School, 2008. Web. 24 Apr 2010. . "Indian Removal." PBS. PBS, 2007. Web. 25 Apr 2010. . "The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo." Hispanic Reading Room. The Library of Congress, 16 Apr 2009. Web. 26 Apr 2010. . "James Monroe." The White House. The White House, February 26, 2010. Web. 28 Apr 2010. . "Economy of North America after 1500." Kidipede. N.p., Jan 15, 2009. Web. 29 Apr 2010. . "Spinning Jenny." Spartacus Educational. google, n.d. Web. 29 Apr 2010. .

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