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History Year Book (Copy)

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S: History Yearbook 1946-1981 The Civil Rights movement

BC: Bibliography: http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Home.jsp rosaparksfacts.com http://www.pbs.org/wnet/aaworld/timeline/civil_01.html http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/spl/hi/picture_gallery/05/americas_us_civil_rights_movement/html/1.stm http://www.congresslink.org/print_basics_histmats_votingrights_contents.htm

FC: History Yearbook 1946-1981 The Civil Rights Act By: Rae Ganas and Stephanie Hyde

1: White Primary 1946 The White Primary started in 1944, and came to Georgia in the last two years. This means it lasted from 1944-1948. It was not just in Georgia but in all of the southern states. It was the democrats way of keeping the African Americans out of politics.

2: William Hartsfield 1946 William Hartsfield served as Mayor from 1938-1961. In 1952 he led a campaign to win passage of the Plan of Improvement. During his 23 year serve as mayor the color line separating black from white changed causing the city to grow from 100,000 people to almost one million. One interesting fact about William Hartsfield is he never finished high school and never went to collage.

3: Integration of the armed forces 1948 It was not until the civil war that African Americans were required to fight in racially separate units. In march of 1943 the war department ordered the desegregation of the recreational facilities at military facilities. In 1948 President Truman directed the US armed forces to desegregate as quick as possible.

4: Brown Vs. Board Of Education The Brown vs. Board Of Education was actually a name given to 5 separate cases the cases were; Brown Vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Briggs vs. Elliot, Davis vs. Board of Education of Prince Edward Country, Boiling vs. Sharp, and Gebhart vs. Ethel. The facts in all of the cases were different but the constitution of state sponsored segregation in public schools in all cases. Thurgood Marshall and the NAACP defense and education fund handled all 5 cases.

5: The Murder Of Emmett Till 1955 Emmett Till was 14 years old when he was kidnapped and murdered by J.W. Milam and Roy Bryant. Emmett Till's murder was used as a rally cry for some of the civil war protests. Bryant and Milam were arrested before the officials had found Emmett's body and were sentenced to jail after they found his body.

6: Rosa Parks and the Montgomery Bus Boycott 1955 Rosa Parks is called the mother of the civil rights. In 1943 she was forced out a segregated bus for sitting in a seat reserved for only whites. On December 1 1995 she was arrested for not giving her seat up to a white man. This was the beginning of the Montgomery Bus boycott. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was when Rosa Parks refused to leave her seat for a white man and got sentenced to prison. After that no one who was with the Civil Rights would rife Montgomery buses, and lasted 381 days.

7: Change Of the Georgia State Flag 1956 The Change of the state flag, the new design was used by the united state confederate army during the war between states.

8: Southern Christian Leadership Conference 1957 | Assisted the African Americans in ever aspect of life. While the head quarters was in Atlanta Georgia the SCLC played an important part in Washington DC for voting rights. The very first President was Martin Luther King Jr.

9: Sibley Commission 1960 The Sibley Commission was a survey for Georgia people to see how they felt about integrating the schools in Georgia. It also let the government decide if they were going to let the school system integrate.

10: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee 1960 The Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee was a group of students and parents who protested against racism and social justice. They protested their rights to do what they want.

11: Freedom Rides 1961 Freedom Rides were to test the laws against segregation. People riding the buses were trying to get the presidents attention in the south to fix the racism. In the end they did get the president to come down south and fix the racism.

12: Integration of the University of Georgia 1961 Judge W. A. Bootle Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter attend the University of Georgia immediately on January 6th 1961. They were the first two African Americans in UGA which ended interrogation in Georgia after 160 years.

13: Albany Movement 1961 A civil rights campaign in Albany, Georgia, did not achieve success. It began in 1961 and ended in 1962, and was the first movement to have a goal to end segregation in an entire community. Only lasted about 8 month and Martin Luther King Jr. Admitted that he had failed himself and the African American Committee.

14: Ivan Allen Jr. was elected Atlanta's mayor. He immediately removed all the “Colored” and “White” signs on all entrances and exits to City Hall. | 1962

15: 1963 | Project C, also known as the Birmingham Alabama Protest, was the protest that occurred in Birmingham, AL. It was started by Martin Luther King and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. It was to challenge the system of segregation in Birmingham, AL.

16: 1963 | This is where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his "I Have A Dream" speech. The officials of DC were only expecting 100,000 people to show up, but 250,000 people showed up for the March On Washington DC.

17: 1963 | The 16th Street Baptist Church had been used as a meeting place for Martin Luther King Jr. When the bomb went off it killed 4 girls who were there attending Sunday school and injured many more. The girls were 11, 14, 14, and 14.

18: On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy arrived in Dallas, Texas. Soon afterwards a shot was fired. More bullets were fired and John F. Kennedy was hit by bullets that hit him in the head and the left shoulder. Soon after killing John F. Kennedy. | 1963

19: It was John F. Kennedy who was wanting a new Civil Rights act. So when election time can in 1960, over half of the African American voted for him. The New Civil Rights of 1964 made it illegal for racial discrimination in public places. | 1964

20: 1965 - The Voting Rights Act became a law on August 6, 1965. At the time Lyman Hall was President, he sighed for conformation that it was now a law.

21: The Selma to Montgomery March was a march for the right to vote. It was lead by Martin Luther King Jr. + | 1965

22: 1968 | Martin Luther King killed himself with a sniper on the balcony of his hotel room. In Atlanta, King's family and his organization, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, arranged his funeral

23: In 1969, the U.S. Department of Justice sued the Georgia State Board of Education. They wanted the state to withhold funds from systems that didn't follow court ordered desegregation plans. | 1969

24: Maynard Jackson was elected Atlanta's mayor. He was the first African American to serve as mayor of a major southern city. Jackson served eight years and then returned for a third term in 1990. | 1973

25: Andrew Young was elected Atlanta's Mayor in 1981. He was re-elected in 1985. During his first term over 500,000 jobs were created. During his second term he joined Law Companies Group, Inc. which is one of the most respected engineering and environmental consulting companies in the world. | 1981

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