FC: HIV/AIDS in Australia and Papua New Guinea | By: Sarah McFadyen Teacher: Mr. Julian Mentor: Mrs. Colmer
1: a word of thank yous | I would like to thank all the people who made this assignment possible. Mr Julian my teacher as well as my mentor Mrs. Colmer for helping me all the time. i couldn't have done it without your help and encouragement. as well as all the publishers of the photos that i used. thank you
6: HIV is a virus that causes AIDS, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, a serious disease of the immune system. It is transmitted through blood and body fluids, especially by sexual contact or sharing hypodermic needles.
7: Papua New Guinea’s prevalence of unsafe heterosexual sex, often linked to gender-based violence, places its people at extreme risk from the virus. Already around 1.8% of the adult population is infected; over half of them are women.
8: people at risk:
9: disadvantaged youth, girls and women and children
10: Among young people, especially in urban fringe communities with high unemployment and low education levels, rates of casual multi-partner sex are high and condom use extremely low. Many sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted this way, which, if they cause genital sores or lesions, make it easier for the HIV virus to enter the body. | disadvantaged youth
11: girls and youth | Sex workers in Papua New Guinea rarely use condoms; some report that they are paid more if they don't. In casual relationships as well as marriage, women are very unlikely to instigate condom usage. The incidence of rape in Papua New Guinea is extremely high, along with the risk of contracting HIV and AIDS as a result of sexual violence.
12: children | Already over 9,000 children have been orphaned by HIV and AIDS in Papua New Guinea. Around 11,000 are HIV positive.1 Although the risks of mother-to child transmission can be drastically reduced through medical intervention during pregnancy and birth, few women are tested or aware of their condition in time.
13: facts: ->An estimated 64 000, or 1.8% of the adult population, are living with the virus. ->Around 34, 000 of them are women. ->Around 11,000 of them are children. ->Approximately 84% of new infections occur during unsafe heterosexual sex, and mother to- child transmission accounts for most of the remainder.
14: The government and its agency partners must work quickly to confront social issues fueling the spread of the virus. Reducing sexual violence against women and improving their community status is an overarching goal for Papua New Guineas development that will also impact HIV and AIDS. With so many children affected, NGOs and local leaders need to encourage communities to care for and support orphans and children living with HIV and AIDS. As well, health services, testing facilities and support networks for people living with HIV and AIDS will help to contain the virus and reduce stigma and ignorance around the issue of HIV and AIDS.