FC: How a Bill Becomes a Law
1: A bill begins just as an idea, but Members of Congress are the only ones able to introduce it in Congress.
2: A member of Congress must officially introduce the bill in Congress by becoming the bill's sponsor.
3: In the House, a bill is officially introduced by placing them in a special box known as the hopper. In the senate, a bill is brought up by placing it on the presiding officer's desk or formally introducing it on Senate Floor.
4: The bill is referred to the appropriate committee and placed on their calendar. As they debate on and mark up on the proposed bill, they may or may not make changes on it and then is voted on by the committee.
5: The bill is released from the committee and then sent to the House Floor for consideration.
6: House members debate the bill, and once that is done, the House votes on whether they want to accept it or not.
7: Members may vote "Yea" for approval and "Nay" for disapproval, or "Present" to record that they were there but decided not to vote. | If a majority of the House votes to pass the bill, it is then sent to to the Senate to go through a similar process.
8: In the Senate, members may choose to ignore the bill, or vote or pass it. If bill passes, it must be sent for review to a Conference Committee which is made up of members from both the House and Senate.
9: Once a Bill passes in the House and Senate and it is sent to the President for a signature, it is said to be enrolled.
10: The president can do one of several things: 1.) The President may take no action. If Congress is in session, the bill becomes a law after ten days. 2.) A pocket veto occurs when the President takes no action and the Congress has adjourned. The bill dies and doesn't become a law. 3.) The President may feel bill is unnecessary or doesn't agree with it, so he may veto the bill. 4.) The President may sign the bill, and the bill becomes a law. | If enough members of Congress object to a Presidential Veto, a vote is taken to override the veto.
11: THE END