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How Do We Know the Truth - Hippocrates Scrapbook

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BC: Anti - Hippocratic Oath

FC: The Truth in Medicine: The Journey of Hippocrates By: Sahana Tharakan

1: Famous Quote From Hippocrates

2: Hippocrates was born around 460 BCE on the island of Cos to the physician Heraclides and his wife Praxitela. His family was very wealthy, so they could afford quality education for him. While at school, he was taught that illness was caused by the gods. He did not believe that was true though.

3: At age 11, he apprenticed under his father then a few years later went to the Asklepieion to apprentice under another physician named Herodicus. With Herodicus, many believe that he traveled to Egypt and Libya. While there he learned about the flawed methods of diagnosing diseases and treatment options. He learned that the cause of illness was an imbalance of the four bodily humors (blood, phlegm, black bile, and yellow bile) by the gods. He believed that the cause of illness was caused by an imbalance of the bodily humors, but was caused by outside forces in the environment.

4: While he was at school, Hippocrates attempted to separate medical knowledge from that of myth and superstition. He believed that physician should stand independently from professions not dealing with medicine. | He also believed that the position of a physician should not be regarded as holy or that physicians can communicate with the gods for healing of a patient. His thinking was predominantly based on science, not religion.

5: The government did not agree with Hippocrates' beliefs, so he was put into the state prison for two decades. | While in prison, he wrote his book “The Complicated Body” which encompasses much of the important information that we know about the body today.

6: Dedicated to him is a tree called the Tree of Hippocrates as a symbol of how many students he inspired. It shows students gathered around a tree listening to him. | After he had gotten out of prison, he founded the Hippocratic School of Medicine which was also known as a Koan school. The school had a very organized disciplinary system, revolutionized medicine, and specialized in treatments of illnesses.

7: Hippocrates still needed to prove his theory about illness being caused by the environment and lifestyle characteristics such as weather, exercise, age, and eating habits. | He proved this by defying all the gods and not suffering from any illnesses. He invented the splint to help heal injuries by immobilizing them; also he revolutionized diagnosing diseases by observing his patients and identifying their symptoms.

8: Hippocrates began to categorize illnesses as acute, chronic, endemic, and epidemic. He also introduced the medical terms exacerbation, relapse, resolution, crisis, paroxysm, peak, and convalescence. He identified the clubbing of fingers as a distinct diagnosis of chronic lung disease, lung cancer, and heart disease. The clubbed fingers became known as Hippocratic fingers.

9: Hippocrates realized that the brain made all decisions, not the heart like the Egyptians thought. He also understood that there was a relationship between the brain and the rest of the body. He also understood that the body was not a series of separate parts, but an integrated system.

10: Perhaps Hippocrates biggest achievement was his creation of the Hippocratic Oath. This oath stated that you should honor your teacher, teach the next generation everything you learned, heal your patient to the best of your ability, not help a patient commit suicide or help a woman get an abortion, not perform surgery, respect all people (men, women, or slaves), and keep all patients’ secrets secret. To this very day, newly emerging doctors take this very oath, although in a more modern form.

11: There are controversies about when Hippocrates died, but many agree that he died between 374 BCE and 360 BCE at the age of 83 - 90 or 100. | Hippocrates, the “Father of Medicine”, was the catalyst to a whole world that would and always will save the lives of millions of people every day. Through his search of truth in medicine, he proved so much and lit a path for future generations.

12: Positive and Negative Consequences of Hippocrates' Search for Truth: Positive Consequences -People finally have a good understanding about the body and how to treat different illnesses -More peoples' lives can be saved because of Hippocrates’ medical discoveries Negative Consequences -Hippocrates gets put in jail for his beliefs -Hippocrates was doubted by many because of his beliefs

14: Picture Citations: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-mVRnD0zF4iU/ThSJDbmW0ZI/AAAAAAAAAvM/aHvdPGqpFew/s1600/219229-caduceus01_large.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hippocrates_rubens.jpg http://www.iq-home.com/documents/hippocrates.html http://www.giveforward.com/blog/affording-baby-may-take-a-village http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:4_body_fluids.PNG http://mashedpotatobulletin.files.wordpress.com/2012/02/religion-or-medicine.jpg http://www.inspirational-quotes-short-funny-stuff.com/images/funny-street-signs-lodging-state-prison.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Plane_tree_of_Hippocrates.jpg http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/Hippocrates.htm http://medicalimages.allrefer.com/large/clubbed-fingers.jpg http://www.redorbit.com/news/science/1112727644/brain-decision-making-ability-haste-makes-waste-110812/ http://nationalmirroronline.net/files.php?file=hippocraticoaths_821443356.jpg http://politedissent.com/images/nov07/hippo.jpg http://i.brainyquote.com/photos/h/hippocrates132961.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JGvP1CCYbZk/T7qvAXoh4rI/AAAAAAAAIPE/Wdr8vpvMD9g/s1600/06.0824cartoon_large.jpg

15: Information Citations: http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/hippocrates.htm http://www.iep.utm.edu/hippocra/ http://www.hsl.virginia.edu/historical/artifacts/antiqua/hippocrates.cfm http://www.discoveriesinmedicine.com/General-Information-and-Biographies/Hippocrates.html#b http://www.notablebiographies.com/He-Ho/Hippocrates.html http://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/hippocrates-120.php

16: Reflection:

17: Over all, the project went well and I had a lot of fun putting everything together. Researching proved to be fairly easy, and creating the captions was not bad either. It was a bit difficult to come up with pictures to represent Hippocrates’ search for freedom, but I got by with what I found. The website was really user – friendly and I had a lot of fun putting the actual scrapbook together. Reflecting back on the project, I learned that Hippocrates was a very smart and very brave person. He was the first one to reject the popular belief. This made him very unpopular with the government, but he still kept proving his theories right and making amazing medical discoveries. I learned that truth is whatever you think it is until it is a proven fact. Everyone is Greece believed that the gods caused illness, but Hippocrates believed it was caused by the environment and behavior characteristics. When Hippocrates proved his theory right, most everyone else started to believe him. I learned that you have to prove something to make it true just like Hippocrates did.

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  • By: Sahana T.
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  • Title: How Do We Know the Truth - Hippocrates Scrapbook
  • About how Hippocrates found the truth in medicine
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  • Published: almost 4 years ago

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