FC: Insect Reports Mrs. Grace's, Ms. Nelson's and Ms. Brown's Class Spring, 2012
1: Table of Contents Dragonflies by Carter and Yue Pheng Butterflies by Faith and Jada Grasshoppers by Ellie and Evan Praying Mantises by Dan and Houa Walking Sticks by Joe and Nick Ants by Delaney and Silvia Lady Bugs by Kiara and Shellinee Butterflies by Belena and Madelynne Fireflies by Anmol and Erica Praying Mantises by Cheng Yee and Dylan Monarch Butterflies by Alexis and Kayla | page 2 page 4 page 6 page 8 page 10 page 12 page 14 page 16 page 18 page 20 page 22
3: Dragonflies By Carter and Yue Pheng Dragonflies galore. A dragonfly has three body parts. They have four wings connected to the thorax. The long abdomen holds a heart like pump. Dragonflies rest with their wings out. A dragonfly's exoskeleton supports and protects its body. Some dragonflies eat small flying insects. Dragonflies usually catch their prey while flying. Hairs on dragonflies’ backs hold their prey. Nymphs eat tadpoles, insects, and small fish. Nymphs have a mouth part that adults don't have called a labium. Dragonflies have many predators such as fish, birds, and spiders which eat dragonflies. Dragonflies often live close to fresh water. They rest on plants. Many males guard where they mate or where females lay eggs. Nymphs live near the water's edge or in wet places such as ponds, rivers, lakes, waterfalls and mosses or muddy places. The life cycle starts as an egg. Some females put their eggs in or on plants. Some also lay their eggs in the water. Dragonfly eggs are oval and can be white, gray, clear or yellow. Nymphs hatch from eggs after about one to three weeks. Nymphs do not have wings and are dull brown or green. Most of their lives are spent as nymphs. The nymph stage can last 3 months to 4 years. They molt their exoskeleton 8 to 15 times. After their last molt, nymphs become adults with wings and live for one to two months. Dragonflies have HUGE eyes! They can spot pray that is 40 feet away. Mites live on dragonflies and they suck the dragonfly's blood. Dragonflies can fly 38 miles per hour! Dragonflies are interesting and amazing insects!
5: Butterflies By Jada and Faith Butterflies are the best insects ever! Butterflies haves beautiful colors and can be different sizes. They have big wings. They have a long thin beak and usually it is curled up. They have two antennae and six legs. When caterpillars crawl out of their egg they eat their own shell. They eat the leaves on the plants where they hatch. Butterflies use their legs to taste their food. Some butterflies wings have eyes that scare enemies away! Some taste bad. Enemies that try to eat them never do it again. Butterflies live all over the world. They live in Canada, the United States, and in Mexico. They like a warm habitat. They make their homes on plants. Some butterflies lay 1000 eggs and other butterflies lay 1 egg. They lay their eggs in spring. When the eggs hatch they become caterpillars. Caterpillars molt 4 times. They turn into a hard shell called a chrysalis. The shell splits open and an adult come out. It can take a few days to a year for this to happen. Butterflies travel more than 2000 miles. The adults die along the way but the babies live. The most famous kind of butterfly in North America is the monarch.
6: Grasshoppers By Evan and Ellie Grasshoppers are amazing creatures! There are 23,000 different kinds of grasshoppers. A grasshopper has three body parts (thorax, abdomen, and head). They have six legs. A grasshopper has spring like knees and strong back legs to leap. A grasshopper has strong muscles. Grasshoppers have two pairs of wings. Male grasshoppers make sounds with their legs and wings. Male and female grasshoppers breathe air through holes along their thorax and abdomen. Grasshoppers have something called an exoskeleton to protect the inside of their bodies. Grasshoppers can be many colors.` Grasshoppers need plants to grow! Grasshoppers eat corn and alfalfa. They also drink water. A grasshopper's natural protection is to spit brown juice called tobacco juice on any predators. Grasshoppers can survive in hot and cold climates. Grasshoppers live in forests, fields, meadows, or any other place that is filled with grass (sometimes in houses). Grasshoppers rest on plants. They can live on all continents except Antarctica and the Arctic. A female grasshopper digs holes in the ground to lay eggs. Female grasshoppers lay 1 to 100 eggs in a hole! Female grasshoppers put sticky liquid on the eggs so it's hard for predators to eat the eggs. Kid grasshoppers (nymphs) hatch from eggs in the spring. Nymphs act like small grasshoppers! Nymphs grow fast after they are born. Nymphs molt their exoskeletons. They grow wings. Nymphs can't fly until fully grown. They molt five or more times before transforming into an adult. Nymphs become adults in 40 to 60 days. Grasshoppers can jump the length of a hopscotch court in one leap. Grasshoppers can also jump as high as a basketball hoop. They have NO ears. They have organs on their legs that hear sound. Grasshoppers hold food with their front legs while they eat.
9: Deadly Praying Mantis By Dan and Houa Praying mantises are the coolest insect ever! Praying mantises have three sections called head, thorax, and abdomen. Their head is shaped like a triangle. They have two antennae that smell food. They also have very large eyes, six legs, four wings, and an exoskeleton. Some people think that praying mantises look like they are praying. They eat bees, grasshoppers, flies, moths, and other insects. Praying mantises also eat their own kind and females also eat males. Praying mantises live in many places around the world. They live mainly in warm places like tropical rain forests, on leaves, flowers, plants, meadows, grasslands, and rain forests. Praying mantises lay eggs on twigs and branches. When it is spring nymphs hatch from eggs. Nymphs look like they are adults. The nymph begins to molt. Then the nymph soon grows too large for its outer covering. The outer covering cracks open and the nymph crawls out. It`s wings and other adult body parts develop the last time the praying mantis molts. Now the nymph is an adult. It now can fly and mate. Speedy insects like mosquitoes and flies must watch out for a praying mantis. The praying mantis is the only insect that can turn its head like a person. A praying mantis can live from 3 to 12 months. Female praying mantises don`t fly. The eggs in the abdomen make them too heavy to fly. A praying mantis cleans its legs after eating its prey!
10: Walking Sticks Nick and Joe Walking sticks are very interesting insects. Walking sticks are very long and thin. They have six legs and an exoskeleton. The exoskeleton protects the soft inner body. Some have wings and some don't. Walking sticks' antennae are used for feeling and smelling. Walking sticks can be green or brown. Many walking sticks cannot fly. Some walking sticks have tiny wings and some have no wings at all. Walking sticks eat leaves. Groups eat on different leaves. Some spend their whole lives eating. They walk to get their food. They have powerful jaws. Sometimes an animal spots a walking stick if it's hungry. A walking stick's protection is spikes on its legs. Others give off a bad smell. They also hide from their enemies by staying still. Walking sticks live in the United States and in hot, rainy forests around the world. They make their homes in trees and plants. The female lays tiny eggs that look like plant seeds. Some females bury their eggs. Other walking sticks lay eggs up high in a tree. A few months later they hatch depending on the kind walking stick. Eggs hatch into nymphs. After molting six or seven times the nymph becomes an adult.
13: Ants By Delaney and Silvia Ants are very powerful insects! All ants have amazing strong jaws and long feelers. They also have six strong legs. Ants have huge eyes you can almost see. Its tiny waist is connected to its small body. Some ants have wings. Their basic needs are aphids, some insects, dead animals, water, sugary poop, protection, food, ability to hunt, to sting, to bite and inject poison. Leaf cutter ants make their own food. Some ants live in fields, forests, under sidewalks, and in large groups [colonies]. The colony lives in an underground nest. Some ants live in hollow thorns. Some ants also live between rocks. The colonies home is usually in rotting trees, nests of leaves and tunnels. An ant's first stage is an egg. The second stage is larva. The next stage is pupa and in a few weeks it turns into an adult ant. There's a queen ant. The queen is the biggest ant. The queen lays eggs all day none stop. Ants eat a ton. Most ants are worker ants. Did you learn a lot about ants?
15: Lady Bugs By Shellinee and Kiara We think lady bugs are beautiful. They have little round bodies with black spots. They can be red, orange, yellow or black. Lady bugs have six legs, two antennae, two hard front wings, and two soft back wings. Females and males look alike. Lady bugs need water and aphids to live. They can eat more than 50 aphids a day. Their colors are a warning to enemies. Lady bugs squirt out a yellow liquid when they are in danger. The liquid tastes bad. Enemies remember the taste and colors and don't come back. Lady bugs roll over and play dead to trick other animals. Lady bugs live in warmer climates in gardens, farms, and yards. They find a safe and warm place to spend the winter, like in houses. Females lay bunches of yellow eggs in spring and summer. Eggs hatch in a few days. They are larva when they hatch. The larva becomes a pupa. The pupa turns into a lady bug. People buy lady bugs to put in their gardens and farms so the lady bugs can kill aphids. Aphids kill plants. Now you know more about lady bugs.
16: Butterflies By Madelynne and Belena Butterflies are amazing creatures. Butterflies have antennae or feelers on the top of their head. They have six legs and a body made of three parts. They have big eyes and two wings. They use a long tube called a proboscis to eat and drink. They taste with their feet. Butterflies live under leaves or on plants at night. They fly hundreds of miles. They travel to Mexico and California. Eggs hatch to caterpillars. A caterpillar looks a bit like a worm. Many caterpillars have hairs, spikes, or spines. A caterpillar turns into a pupa. Their cocoon is made of silk threads. The pupa splits and an adult butterfly climbs out. This is called metamorphosis. The butterfly has to pump its wings to stretch them out. Butterflies carry nectar to other flowers. Butterflies help flowers to make seeds. Some butterflies are poisonous. Aren't they amazing?!
19: Fireflies By Anmol and Erica Do you know what fireflies look like and do? Fire lies have three main body parts. The head has two eyes and two antennae. The thorax has two pairs of wings and six legs. One pair of wings is for flying and the other protects the wings that fly. Their abdomen glows in the dark. The exoskeleton is a hard outer covering. A larva eats slugs, snails, and earth worms. They also eat the young of other insects. Some fireflies eat nectar. Nectar is a liquid from plants. Fireflies live almost everywhere in the world. There are at least 2,000 types of fireflies that live in the world. Fireflies that glow are found only east of the Rocky Mountains. After 4 weeks the eggs hatch into a larva. The larva eats and grows all summer. In the fall they dig tunnels. They live there until spring. In the spring, the larvae come out of the ground. Then the larvae build blankets of soil that they crawl inside of. While they are in the blankets they grow their legs and antennae. Adults live 3 to 4 months. Some live underwater. Males flash their abdomen about every 5 seconds. Females flash their abdomen every 2 seconds. Unlike a fire a firefly's light gives off no heat. Fireflies are really cool insects once you get to know them!!
20: Deadly Praying Mantis By Dylan And Cheng Yee Praying mantis,praying mantis please DON’T go home. Praying mantises have a hard exoskeleton. They have six legs and two antennae.Their legs have sharp hooks for grabbing food and crushing it. They also have wings. Praying mantises eat their own kind! Praying mantises eat flies. They can turn their head left to right. They can blend in really good. They live everywhere in the world! White mantises blend in with flowers. They lay their eggs in a case. The female has more than one egg case. The egg case has 100-400 eggs. They lay their eggs in fall. The nymphs look like adults. They mimic leaves.They eat their exoskeleton. Praying mantises molt 6 to 9 times. They lick themselves.
22: Monarch Butterflies By Kayla and Alexis Read this paragraph to learn about an AMAZING creature called a monarch butterfly. A monarch butterfly has a segmented body. It has two large eyes. It also has two long antennae. A monarch butterfly also has six long legs and tiny claws to cling to flowers. When butterflies are adults they don't need food for growing. In early summer monarchs feed on milkweed flowers. They eat nectar. They hibernate to protect themselves in winter. Butterflies live all over the world like the forest of the United States and Mexico. They live in cool places in spring and summer. They live in warm places in fall and winter. Butterflies lay up to 400 eggs. A female butterfly flies away after laying her eggs. Eggs change from white to brown when they are ready to hatch. Eggs hatch into caterpillars. When it is a baby a caterpillar needs food to grow. After two weeks a caterpillar is 50 times bigger then when it hatched. When caterpillars are adults they turn into a chrysalis. It takes two weeks to develop inside the chrysalis. A chrysalis turns into a butterfly. Its wings are crumpled up and damp. When the butterfly unfolds its wings they dry up in the sun. Then the life cycle starts again.