FC: Inspect | By: Mariah Stojevich
1: Table of Contents | Ideas................................... Pg. 1 Natural/Geographic............. Pg. 2 Social.................................. Pg. 3 Political............................... Pg. 4 Economic............................. Pg. 5 Cultural............................... Pg. 6 Technological/Scientific........ Pg. 7
2: Ideas | People wanted to explore the west for many different reasons. But, the main reason to explore the west was to figure out what was west of the Mississippi River. | Sectionalism is one possible reason that influenced people's decisions. Sectionalism is loyalty to their region. Most of the people living in the United States felt a strong allegiance to their region. The segregated themselves, Northerns, Southerners, Westerners, etc. Sectionalism eventually became more intense when differences between the sections arose. All of the sections disagreed on most things. The regions also disagreed on the need for tariffs.
3: The Indian Removal Act was passed in the year 1830 by congress. President Jackson believed that the Indians were a "problem", and he thought that the only way to fix that was to pass this act. (Removal of all Indians beyond the Mississippi River.) This act basically payed the Native American's to move further west. In 1834, Congress made the Indian Territory. (Located in Oklahoma present-day.) The Indian Territory was for the Native Americans from the Southeast.
4: Natural/Geographic | During the travel west, many things got in their way. This included all land masses such as mountains, lakes, etc. But, other land masses made travel easier. | While people were traveling west, many different types of land masses made traveling difficult. This included mountains, rivers, lakes, etc. | While people were traveling west, many different types of land masses made traveling difficult. This included mountains, rivers, lakes, etc. | The South Pass was a path through the Rockies. People easily traveled along this path. Eventually, people traveling to Oregon took this path as a main route.
5: The rivers were very helpful in travel. Although, most traveled North to South. When the trade was East to West. | The first Census was taken in 1790 and revealed that about 4 million people lived east of the Appalachian mountains. A couple decades later, the population grew more than double. The number rose to about 10 million people living in the United States.
6: Social | During the 1800's, families sometimes gathered at social events. These social events included many different parties, get-together, etc. Often, these "parties" would be divided into men and woman. The man would do things that the woman couldn't, and the women would do things that are made specifically for women. Men and women met for gatherings such as cornhuskings. Cornhuskings were gatherings where families would get together and strip the husks from ears of corn. This was like a job, but instead, families got together to do it in a group because it would be much easier that way.
7: Men would gather together at events such as wrestling. This was a fun event that the men would do. Women wouldn't do it because women weren't "tough" enough. Women would meet each other to have sewing parties, or quilting parties.
8: Political | Thomas Jefferson was president from 1801-1809. Jefferson gave Lewis and Clark instructions for their journey. | George Washington was the first president in the United States. Washington was president from 1789 until 1797.
9: John Quincy Adams was the president in the United States in 1825 to 1829. Adams received support from the people in the Northeast. | James Madison was the 4th president of the United States. Madison was president from 1809 until 1817. Madison was the Secretary of State
10: Economic | Free enterprise is a term used to describe the American economy. Businesses have the ability to produce products that will be profitable for them. Buyers will also have the opportunity to but what they choose for the price they want. Capitalism is the economic system of the United States. This is necessary to a strong growth in an economic system and allows competition. The government has little interference in this system. Individuals put their capital, which is their money, into a business hoping to make a profit out of it. Capitalism is good because it provides open competition in the market. It helps people raise their income, therefor increasing the United States economy growth.
11: Back in the 1800's farming fueled the economy. Farmers would plant many items such as potatoes, cotton, etc. The farmers would then sell these items for money. People back then kept this rotation going. This is one process that helped keep our economy running. Farming was a major contributer to the United States economy and helped fueling our economy.
12: Cultural | In 1835, the government finally got a few Cherokee's to sign a treaty that would give up their land. However, most of the Cherokee's did not want to give up their land, so they did not honor this treaty that was signed. In 1838, General Scott and his army came to remove the Cherokee from their land, and they were to lead them west. They did not like this. General Scott forced them out of their land, and even tho the Cherokee did not like this, they had to anyways. They listened to General Scott and his army.
13: This act led to the Trail of Tears. This journey led to Cherokee west, and leave their homes behind. All that they had were the clothes on their backs, and their family. Very little food was provided. Shelter was not provided along this long journey either. The loss of human necessities caused many Cherokee to die on the trip. They call it the Trail of Tears because the journey west became known as "Trail Where They Cried.
14: Technological/Scientific | The cotton gin was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney. The cotton gin is a simple machine that quickly and efficiently removed the seeds from the cotton fiber. The cotton gin made it possible to clean 50 pounds a day. When this was made, people didn't have to clean by hand anymore. It was all mechanized. This brought the industrial front in America to a whole new level. This machine caused a huge spike in cotton production. Also causing the economy to boom during this time period. This invention also helped out the slaves. The cotton gin would do all of the work for them. This means they could find an easier and less painful ways to earn a living. | However, there was a problem. When the cotton gin was invented, farmers thought it was a really good idea. Then they started making more cotton. This was a problem because when people made more cotton, their food supply high decreased.
15: The telegraph was another invention created during this time period. The telegraph was invented by Samuel F.B. Morse in the year 1844. The very first message ever sent on the telegraph was, "What has God wrought?" This message was conveyed by Washington on May 24th, 1884. The
16: Works Cited | ~The American Republic to 1887
17: Thinking Like A Historian! | Q: What has changed? A: The industries have changed. People used to work on farms OR in the house. Women were the only ones who worked in the house, and the men worked outside. Nowadays, both men and women may work where ever they choose. Q: How did events affect people's lives, community, and the world? A: The Trail of Tears affected many people. The government forced the Cherokee off their land. It caused approximately 4,000 people their lives. The Cherokee did not have the proper survival necessities. Q: How is the past different from the present? A: Back then, there was slavery, and nowadays we obliviously do not have slavery. Back then, American's didn't have as much freedom.
18: Q: How did decisions or actions significantly transform people's lives? A: All of the presidents choices affected America and it's people a lot. The government's plans ended many people's lives, but also kept America in a good position. The Trail of Tears is an example of this. Q: How did people in the past view their world? A: I think people during this time felt forced out of their land. They knew that it was something they had to do, but they for sure did not want to move west. Even though they didn't want to, they did anyways.