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BC: Works Cited Appleby, Joyce, Alan Brinkley, Albert Broussard, James McPherson, Donald Ritchie.The American Republic to 1877. Ohio: McGraw-Hill, 2005. Bellis, Mary. "The Cotton Gin and Eli Whitney." www.about.com. Apr. 15, 2010.

FC: Inspect By Jessica Stejskal

1: I- Ideas N- Natural/Geographic S- Social P- Political E- Economic C- Cultural T- Technological/ Scientific

2: Ideas | John Quincy Adams ->

3: Henry Clay was a spokesperson from the West. He had an idea called the "American System". It included policies to stimulate the growth of America. Not everyone agreed with Clay's system. Only a little of the system went into effect. In 1816, Congress created the Second National Bank, but the American System remained controversial. In 1825, John Quincy Adams was elected president. Adams wanted a stronger navy and government funds for scientific expeditions. He also wanted the federal government to direct economic growth. These ideas scared people who wanted a more limited role for the government. Those who supported John were called the National Republicans. They wanted a stronger central government, and they also supported ideas such as building roads. In the end, Congress turned down many of Adams proposals.

4: Natural/Geographic

5: Rivers helped affect the development of towns and people moving West. River travel was more comfortable than wagon and horse travel. Also, pioneers could bring more luggage on the boats. | River travel, however, had some problems. For example, you could only travel north and south, not east and west. On wagon and horse you could travel in any direction. Also, traveling upstream was slow and difficult. | Canals, or artificial waterways, helped link rivers and lakes. This made transporting goods easier, and allowed people to live further away from rivers.

6: Social

7: Mountain men were people who spent most of their time in the Rocky Mountains. They made their living by trapping beaver. In spring and early summer the set up traps and collected the beaver pelts. Then, in late summer they would gather for a meeting, or rendezvous. At the meetings, they would trade traps, guns, coffee, and other goods, and exchange news and meet old friends. The mountain men would also tell stories about their exciting adventures.

8: Political

9: In 1828, Andrew Jackson ran for president. With 56 percent of the popular vote and 178 electoral votes, Jackson won in a landslide. Jackson was a patriot, a war hero, and a self-made man, and Americans admired him. He was "the general who seemed just like them." His parents were poor farmers who did when he was 15. He gained fame in the War of 1812, where his troops called him the "Old Hickory" because he was as tough as a hickory stick. Jackson's popularity changed politics in Washington D.C. He promised "equal protection and equal benefits" for all Americans, and at least all white American men. Jackson remained president until 1837, then decided not to run for a third term.

10: Economic

11: The Bank of the Untied States was a very powerful institution. It controlled much of the country's money supply and the federal government's money. President Jackson did not like this. He thought the Bank had too much control, and was unconstitutional. In 1836, Jackson began a plan to "kill" the Bank. He refused to sign a new charter for the Bank, and it closed. After Jackson was president, the country entered an economic depression. The Panic of 1837, a time when land values dropped sharply, began the depression. Thousands of people lost their jobs and businesses closed. The depression lasted around five years; not until 1842 did the country start to rebound.

12: Cultural

13: The Cherokee was a civilized Indian tribe.They had their own schools, newspaper, and own written constitution. They also had an alphabet which let many of the Cherokee read and write in their own language. | People who spent most of their time in the Rocky Mountains were called mountain men. Mountain men made their living by trapping beaver. They usually had Native American wives and took up Native ways. They wore fringed buckskin pants, moccasins, and beads, and lived in buffalo-skin lodges. Once a year the men meet for a rendezvous, or meeting. At this, they trade furs, guns, traps, and stories. After a while, the mountain men killed off most of the beaver and could no longer trap.

14: Technological/ Scientific

15: In April 1793 Eli Whitney constructed the cotton gin, a machine that automated the separation from the cottonseed from the cotton fiber. The cotton gin transformed the cotton industry because before the machine people had to spend hours to physically separate the cotton. His machine could produce up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable in the south.

16: Conclusion

17: In conclusion, our country has changed because we are more advanced socially, economically, and technologically. Our nation has different social, political, and cultural views than it did back then. Politicians made change happen, such as Indian removal. Indians did not support that change. Decisions and actions have transformed people's lives by making us more advanced today. For example, the cotton gin transformed the cotton industry, making cotton products such as clothes easier to make and cheaper. People in the past viewed their world as a new one, because America was just getting started.The past helps us make sense of the present because "you can't know where you're going unless you know where you've been."

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