S: The Inuit
FC: The Inuit | By: Eitan Berger, Madison Shields, Julia Silverman, Jordyn Streisfield and Yagil Yakobi
1: Table of Contents | Food...................1 Homes.................3 Beliefs.................5 Transportation.......7 Clothing...............9
2: Food The Inuit were very skilled hunters. They couldn’t depend on plants for food because it was so cold, so they hunted. They hunted in canoes, kayaks and small boats called amiaks. In the winter, they hunted seals, particularly the ring seal. Raw seal also had vitamins A and D. They put harpoons over the breathing holes so when the seal came up to breathe, the harpoon was plunged into it. A harpoon is a spear on the end of a long stick. It has a string that pulls it out of the animal so that they can reuse it.
3: In the summer they hunted caribou, musk ox, polar bear, Arctic fox and Arctic birds. In the spring, they hunted walruses and whales. They used every part of the whale. The dogs ate the eyes and cloaca, the men ate the head and heart, the women ate the skin, blubber and back, and everyone ate the ribs, flippers and tail. During the rest of the year they hunted narwhals for the vitamin C.
4: Homes Most people think that igloo means “house of ice” but the Inuit refer to the igloo as any type of house. The igloos were made with hard packed snow. The Inuit cut the snow with a long knife made of metal, bone, and ivory. Most Inuit would be able to build an igloo within an hour.
5: The floor of the igloo was made of twigs and caribou fur. Every igloo had a window made of frozen freshwater. When summer came ,the igloos would melt and the Inuit would have to build homes out of animal fur. The tents were held up by whale ribs. The Alaskan Inuits didn’t make snow houses; they made their homes from driftwood.
6: The Inuit Transportation The Inuit used kayaks, umiaks, snow shoes and dogsleds for transportation. The kayak could only carry one person and was made out of arched rib bones or pieces of drift wood to make it water proof they covered the driftwood with seal skin. The umiaks were boats that could carry over seven people. The dog sled was used to travel on the snow. | Transportation The Inuit used kayaks, umiaks, snowshoes and dog sleds for transportation. The kayak could only carry one person and was made out of arched rib bones or pieces of driftwood.To make it waterproof, they covered it with sealskin. The umiaks were boats that could carry over seven people. The dog sled was used to travel on the snow.
7: Huskies pulled a sled across the ice and snow. The snowshoes helped the Natives walk across deep snow. The shoes are made out of wood and string. They were shaped like tennis rackets so it was easier to walk in deep snow. The Inuit used the different types of boats and snowshoes for chasing their food, hunting and trading. Today people still use a lot of these types of transportation to travel.
8: INUIT BELIEFS The Inuit had many gods, like Sedna, the goddess of the sea, Akna, the goddess of childbirth, and Anguta, the god of the dead. All of the gods controlled either nature, life, or anything around them. The Inuit people believe that all animals have a spirit, and the spirit must be respected. They also believe that animals allow themselves to be killed and eaten, for the good of the Inuit.
9: The Inuit believe that when someone dies, they go to the spirit world, and meet the god Anguta. Inuit also believe that the Northern Lights are their ancestors playing kickball. Inuit people tell stories of how the world became the way it is today. The Inuit had a custom like kashrut (keeping kosher, not eating meat and milk together); they can’t eat land animals and sea animals together, not even on the same day.
10: Clothing In the Arctic, life is harsh for the Inuit. Many key things are needed for survival: food, shelter, medicine and most of all clothing. The temperature is below freezing and the Inuit would die from the cold long before they would feel the pain of hunger. The clothing was made of many different materials: bear, caribou, bird, fox, rabbit, wolf and seal. | The fur was sewn into many layers in a way that preserved as much heat as possible.
11: When the person stood still, the heat was held close to the body but when they ran, the material had flaps that opened and closed so that the air would circulate and cool the person down. This way the Inuit would not sweat through their clothes and make them wet; if the clothes got wet, they would quickly freeze. The women would soften the fur by first scraping off blubber and sometimes fur. They then dried and hardened the hide, finally chewing on it to soften it up. Once it was soft they would cut it into the necessary shape and sew it into the needed garment.
12: The clothing was always hooded; on women the hood was especially large for babies to lie in. The women usually wore fox skin pants and long boots called kameks. They put a piece of raw- hide in the shoe like a rubber sole. They also made socks with hare skin. The men wore polar bear skin pants and had shorter “tails” and smaller hoods on their parkas. Shirts were made of caribou and the ears were left on to ventilate. All of this was necessary in order to inhabit this practically uninhabitable climate.
14: The Inuit Food /Hunting.2007. Goldi Production Ltd. April 2012 Fordham, Derek. Eskimos. London:Macdonald and co. 1983 | Bibliography MacLean, Hope. Indians, Inuit, and Metis of Canada. Toronto: Gage Publishing Limited, 1982. | The Inuit (The People)
15: April 22nd 2012. Native Americans and Native Canadians.