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Italy Project

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S: The Complete Travel Guide to Italy Tiara Baldoni

FC: Italy | The Complete Travel Guide To: | Italy | a project by: Tiara Baldoni

1: Sources: Google.com, Culture Grams, and Fodor's Exploring Italy

2: 3 Famous Historical Facts about Italy | Did you know... -The Chinese were the real inventors of pasta, Italians just invented the different shapes. -Luciano Pavarotti, was a famous Italian opera singer, he passed away at age 71. He died of pancreatic cancer, and is truly missed. -Leonardo da Vinci is the artist of the famous Mona Lisa painting. This painting has been widely recognized as the most famous in the history of art.

5: Dear Mrs. Cerminaro, Italy is famous for many reasons. One is for their breath taking, famous landmarks. The first landmark is the Roman Colosseum, located in Rome. It is the most magnificent of Rome’s ancient monuments. It was started by the emperor Vespasian in AD 72 and completed 7 years later by his son, Titus. The second is the Leaning Tower of Pisa also known as Torre Pendente Di Pisa. It was designed by Bonanno Pisano. He was also the man who realized that it was not possible to straighten. Finally, the third is the canals of Venice. | They flow and connect through many locations in Venice. People can get into a gondola and take a boat ride down the canals to visit their friends. These are all great tourist attractions you can see, when you visit the wonderful country of Italy. Yours truly, Tiara Baldoni

6: Foods | An Italian Breakfast is traditionally light. For example, a cup of coffee and a cornetto (cream-filled croissant).The main meal, whether it be lunch or dinner, traditionally includes three courses. They are pasta, fish or meat, and vegetables. Pasta or rice are eaten at every main meal in the South. In the South pasta is dominant. A simple salad or roasted vegetables are served with the second course, a meat dish. Pomodoro (tomato sauce) and ragu (meat sauce) are very popular with various kinds of pasta. Their favorite kinds of meat are veal, beef, and lamb. Wine is often used in cooking and can be found accompanying meals. | Pasta | Time! | -In Italy pizza is not the same as it is in the U.S. It differs from region to region. -Most North Americans belief that spaghetti and meatballs are an Italian meal, but it is not. -Italians enjoy hundreds of cheeses! Literally! Some examples include mozzarella and Parmesan cheeses. | Fun Food Facts

7: Lifestyle Traditions | Eating in Italy

8: Families in Italy | The Italians honor their family obligations and enjoy strong family ties. They spend as much time together as possible, and believe that this is very important. Parents are very willing to financially support their adult children, if it is necessary. Many parents will even help them buy a home or pay for an apartment, even if it means making a financial sacrifice. Although many young Italians seek to be economically independent of their family, the high unemployment rate makes this difficult. Grandparents enjoy helping with child care, and some single adults live with their parents, even some into their thirties. Most of the families in the North live in nuclear units, and the average family has one to two children. The families in the South tend to be larger. The extended families all throughout Italy tend to live near each other and get together very often. Although, there is and indication that this custom is changing.

9: Dating and Marriage | Italians date in either groups or as couples. On dates they enjoy going to the movies and dancing. Women usually get married by age 26 and men usually by age 29. Men rarely get married before they finish their education and have a steady occupation. Therefore, engagements in Italy can go on for several years! Some couples will move in together before marriage. The marriage ceremonies often follow the Catholic religion's traditions. Divorces are only granted to couples who have been legally separated for 3 or more years. The divorce rate is rising in Italy and the marriage rate is slowing. Even in the more traditional South, single parents are becoming more accepted.

10: Dressing: "Italian Style" | All Italians take pride in their appearance. They love to dress up for even the simplest occasions. They hardly ever wear dirty, worn, or sloppy clothing. They always try to look their best for all events. Many Italians base their opinions on the way a person dresses. In many cities, the clothing and shoe stores are more plentiful than bakeries. They're the major center of the European fashion industry. | Expensive brand-name clothing is worn mostly by the youth. The youth follows all the "in" trends of Italy. The women usually wear dresses and the young people often wear jeans. In Italy, it is now becoming more common for Italians of all ages to wear casual shoes, such as sneakers, on a regular basis.

11: Gestures | Italy is a country that is especially recognized for their use of hand gestures during conversation. They tend to often communicate with only their hands, without using any words. One of their most common hand gestures is rubbing their thumb rapidly against their other fingers to indicate “money.” Pulling down their lower eyelid is a gesture that shows that you are acknowledging a person's cleverness. In some parts of South Italy a person may indicate “no” by nodding their head in an upward motion. The gestures used in Italy are so numerous, that foreigners visiting the country find that a gesture dictionary is very helpful. Men will remove their hats when walking into a building to show respect. When yawning or sneezing, a person will cover their mouth with their hand. Finally, in Italy it is considered impolite to remove your shoes in someone's presence.

12: Major Religions | Most Italians follow the Roman Catholic religion, but many do not participate as much as they should. Their attendance to mass is not very high, and to many segments of society secularism is more appealing. Through pilgrimages, informal gatherings, and praying at shrines, the Catholics find other ways to worship. The Catholic church has a significant effect on social aspects and politics. The home of the Roman Catholic pope and headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church is Vatican City in Rome. Freedom of religion is guaranteed in the Italian constitution.

13: Population | Languages | The population in Italy is approximately 58.1 million and it is not growing at all. There is a great concern about their birthrate, because it is so low. It is one of the lowest in Europe. It is believed that Italy's population is going to significantly decrease in the next decade. Their capital, Rome, is the largest city and contains more than 2.5 million people. | Italian is the official language in Italy, but it dialects from city to city. The biggest influence on Italian comes from the Florentine and Roman dialects. Most of the younger people also speak English, which is the most common second language. Some elders prefer to speak French. Other minorities such as French, German, and Slovene speaking still exist.

14: Education | Attending school in Italy is free and required by children between the ages of six and fourteen. Their school week consists of Monday through Saturday, which means they only have one day off a week. Education is taken very seriously in Italy and students spend most of their time doing homework. They have more than fifty universities and institutes of higher learning. The oldest university in Europe was found in Bologna, Italy in the 12th century.

15: Religious and national holidays include New Year's Day; Epiphany (Jan. 6); Easter (including Easter Monday); Liberation Day (Apr. 25); which commemorates Italy's liberation in World War II; Labor Day (May 1); The Anniversary of the Republic (June 2); The Assumption of the Virgin Mary (Aug. 15); All Saints' Day (Nov. 1); Immaculate Conception (Dec. 8); Christmas; and St. Stephen's Day (Dec. 26). Nearly every city and town honors the local patron saint with an annual celebration. One example would be the celebration of St. Ubaldo held in Gubbio, Italy. | Religious & National Holidays

16: Map of Italy

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