S: My book
FC: Jameishea Parks D.C.S
1: Commercial Software: You have to pay for it before you use it. It is copyrighted so you cant change it unless you wrote it the owner has all rights to it you have to have permission before you use it. It is the safest kind of software.
2: Shareware is copyright protected the owner retains the copyright. It can be used for a while then it has to be paid for.
3: Free ware is given away. It is copyrighted and the owner retains the copyright you cant copy and distribute it. With Public domain software you can do anything you want to with it, it is not copyrighted you can distribute it and it is least safe.
4: Input Devices: Keyboard and Mouse Output Devices: Monitor and Printer
5: Inside the C.P.U is the R.A.M and the cache temporary storage Some storage devices are: Hard Drive, Flash Drive, DVD's, CD's, and R.O.M
7: A computer program designed to cause damage to computer files is a virus. BOMB is a type of virus that is set to go off at a specific time. WORM goes through files and takes away stuff a little bit at a time can be affecting for a long time undetected.
8: There are other types of viruses also like: Phage, Trojan Horse, Hoax and etc. A hacker is a person who gets into computers maliciously. Piracy is the illegal copying and distribution of software.
10: a stylus is a plastic pen shaped device used to interact with a touch screen computer related device. Styluses can be used for PDA's Nintendo DS and certain types of cell phones.. Most cost 25 dollars but on some Internet sites they are about 7-9 dollars.
11: Speech Recognition
12: Speech recognition increases productivity, helps avoid injury or overcome a handicap, and improve writing,reading, and speaking skills.
13: Speech recognition systems have engines used to take th sounds of your voice and match it with words. The sound card and engine process your speech. It is not unusual to have a 95% accuracy rate with some engines. There are two different kinds of speech there is continuous speech and discrete speech. Continuous speech is when you speak in a normal speaking speed. Discrete speech is when you have a slight pause between each word. 128 MB of RAM is the minimum amount of memory requirement for most speech recognition software. Speech recognition can also allow you to use your voice as an input device. .
14: Speech Recognition was fun but I started getting mad when i had to keep repeating myself. It messed up on some of the stuff I said but what it put was funny. I think that speech Recognition is good for handicap people to use because some handicap people cant move their hands or arms so that would really help a lot.
15: Some people would like to be able to type letters and stuff and their disability gets in the way of it. If I could and I had enough money i would get Speech Recognition installed for all handicap people.
16: Input devices for the handicap
17: Input Devices for the handicap The eyetech is 6545.00 dollars and is used by the handicap to place the pointer anywhere on th screen of a computer by looking at it. It can track one or both eyes, install on all of windows programs, be used with any windows based communication software, and be used to surf the web, send e-mail, and anything a hand held mouse can do. The cyberlink can track the brain to go where you want it to go in a computer it is 2250.00 dollars. Brain and body signals are detected by the sensors in th head band which are amplified, digitized, and transmitted to the computer.
18: Web cams
19: A web cam is a small camera that works as a video camera but with images that can be accessed via the Internet instant messaging or with video conferencing applications. They can be viewed live on a web page you can look at your buddy's web cam while he/she look at yours. There are three different types of web cams Dedicated web cams, Megapixel, and integrated. Dedicated cameras are the most common type of web cam available and all you have to have is a USB connection to your computer. They give a low number of frames per second, and poor resolution. Integrated cameras come with th hardware for example laptops with web cams already installed. Megapixel cameras create large files and are rarely used for streaming. They are used to capture still images over a consistent period of time.
21: Keyboards allow people to type data into a computer. There are keyboards on phones and PDA's and stuff. Some phones have touch screen keyboards and qwerty keyboards. There are different types of keyboards: Logitech G15 Gaming Keyboard Wired Keyboard and it costs 46 dollars. Microsoft Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 4000 Wired Keyboard and it costs 27 dollars. Apple wireless Keyboard Wireless Keyboard and it costs 70 dollars. last the Logitech G19 Keyboard for gaming Wired Keyboard for 170 dollars. Keyboards use keys for a short cut for a certain program or tool like: getting out of programs, deleting information quickly, printing quickly, and other things.
22: Web Cell Phones and Scientific Probes
23: The first commercial citywide cellular network was launched in Japan in 1979. Fully automatic cell networks were first introduced in the mid 1980's. In 1983 the first mobile phone was approved in the u.s. The first second generation cellular technology was launched in Finland in 1991 and the first text messaging was in Finland. The first content sent to cell phones were ring tones in Japan in 1999. In 2001 the first launch for the 3G cell phones was launched in Japan.
24: Notebook Computers
25: Notebook computers have compact keyboards, 4-5 hours of battery life, are very small and thin, made for portability, and doesn't contain an internal floppy drive, DVD, or CD system. Laptops have a full and large keyboard, 3 hour battery life, internal DVD ROM, it is upgradeable, and a 14-17 inch screen. They are kind of alike but so different. Notebooks are based on being light weight and compact. While laptops are just portable desktops. Notebooks typically weigh less than six pounds and are small enough to fit in a briefcase or small compartment. Notebooks cost more than laptops and come with battery packs without having to be plugged into a wall.
26: Scientific Probes
27: A scientific probe is a device that can be connected to a computer or graphic calculator to collect data. Scientist use probes to research and learn more about places that they can't travel to.
28: Input Device Mouse
29: A computer mouse is a pointing device that functions by detecting two- dimensional motion relative to its supporting surface. A mouse is one of the most common input devices. there is a ball, two rollers, shaft, disk, infrared lead, and a infrared sensor. A computer mouse senses motion and clicks and sends information to the computer so it can respond appropriately.
31: steps to accountability: Step 1:see it see the truth of the situation. understand the situation from all sides. Step 2: own it Become accountable for your part in the situation. Decide to face the situation and deal with it effectively. Step 3: solve it Be accountable for finding a solution. Focus on your goal and involve others wherever they are affected. Step 4: Do it Implement the solution. Embrace your full responsibility for results and remain answerable for your progress in attaining those results.
33: The Telltale signs of victimization Being held prisoner by your circumstances. Feeling a loss of control over present circumstances Paying no attention when others, directly or indirectly, provide feedback about what could or should have been done to achieve better results. Blaming or pointing fingers. Failing to confront issues.
34: continued Directing discussions of problems toward what cannot be done rather than what can be done. Looking for collaborations of other persons injustices. Being unwilling to ask probing questions about personal accountability. Citing confusion as a reason for not acting. Wasting time and energy bashing others especially those in authority.
35: continued Viewing the world as a pessimist. Repeatedly becoming defensive. Avoiding people, meetings, and/or situations. Feeling unfairly treated and powerless to do anything about it. Using one or more victim phrases on a frequent basis.
36: Victim phrases I don't see any problem. It's not my job. Just tell me what to do and I'll do it. Lets just wait and see what happens. There's nothing i can do about it. Someone ought to tell him/her. It wasn't my fault. I'm doing the best i can. I didn't because... All we can do is wait and see. Thats too much work. What more can i do? Do you think i don't have anything else to do. If it were me, I'd do it differently. That's unfair. No one else ever does that. Somebody should do something about that. That's just not the way my other teachers do it. If i do a great job, they'll expect it all the time. I would have but.... That's too hard.
37: Victim cycle IGNORE AND DENY IT'S NOT MY JOB FINGER POINTING CONFUSION TELL ME WHAT TO DO COVER YOUR TAIL WAIT AND SEE Steps to accountability again: SEE IT OWN IT SOLVE IT DO IT
39: There are two types of letters: business letters and personal business letters. with a Business letter the person writing the letter is representing the business. in a Personal business letter the person writing is representing his/her self.
40: The basic parts of a personal business letter: Return address Date Letter Address Salutation Body Complimentary Close and the name of writer everything is in the left margin and you don't have to indent paragraphs in block style letters.
41: The basic parts of a formal business letter: Letter head Date Letter address Salutation Body Complimentary Close name of writer Mailing Notation Attention Line Subject Line Copy notation and Post Script
42: memos and e-mails
43: Memos have a 1 or 2 inch top margin and a 1 inch side margin. They are single-spaced within paragraphs and double-spaced when going to another paragraph. Parts of a memo: there is the memo heading with the TO: FROM: DATE: and SUBJECT; then you have the body then the reference initials and the attachment or enclosure notation and the distribution list.
44: Memos also have templates all memos don't have to have them. E-mails- are easy to create and send. You have the heading, body, attachment, copy notation, and forward or reply. All you have to do is put what each thing goes in each box.
46: Unbound report (business) typically short reports prepared without binders or covers. top margin is 2", bottom margin is 1", and side margins are 1". center title page in all caps.double space the body.underline side heading and key them in initial caps. paragraph headings are indented 5".key references on last page on separate page.page numbers are at the top right margin 5" from the top followed by a double space.
47: Bound reports longer reports with binders or covers.left margin is increased to 1.5". all other margins same as unbound report.
48: Academic style no title page key heading in top left corner of first page.double space between lines and have name of student, instructor, course title, date in military style, and the body is double spaced.
49: outlines numbering that organizes info.top margin is 2" or vertically centered other margins same as report.main and side headings used to organize info.
50: for main entries in an outline Preceded by capital roman numerals (I II III etc.) Use ALL CAPS or initial caps and bold. Double space before and after a main entry.
51: for secondary entries in an outline Preceded by capital letters (A, B, C) key important words in initial caps. Lower level entries are preceded by Arabic numbers (1, 2, and 3) and lower case letters (a, b, c). Only capitalize the 1st letter of the 1st word when keying these. Single space all secondary entries.
52: Title page Only a business report should include a title page. Center the page horizontally and vertically. Include the following information (minimum): Report title Writers name Date The course name and teachers name may also be included.
53: Table of contents An outline of the side and paragraph headings in a report with their respective page numbers. Follows the title page. Margins are the same as for the report. Center the heading in all caps. Each entry refers to a major section and should be keyed in initial caps. Use right aligned tabs for creating leaders from the entry to its respective page number. Number the page at the bottom center using lower case roman numerals.
54: Bibliography Listing of the material used in the report located at the end of the report. Margins are the same as in the report. Center the title in ALL CAPS followed by a quadruple space. List references in alphabetical order by author last name. (Surname) Include a page number at the top right. Single space each entry, double space between entries. Key each entry using a hanging-indent style.
55: Works cited A listing of only those works that were cited in the report; located on a separate page at the end of the report. Follow the same formatting as that of a Bibliography. The difference is that you will only include those sources that were quoted or paraphrased. Do not include other reference materials on a works cited page.
56: Documentation of sources Enclose direct quotes of up to 3 lines in length in quotation marks. Quotes of 4 or more lines in length (long quotations) should be single spaced and indented 5” from the left margin. An ellipsis () is used to indicate material that is omitted from a quotation. There 3 methods of referencing cited material within the body of a report: -Textual citations -Footnotes -End notes
57: Textual citations Typically keyed in parentheses immediately following the quoted material. Includes the name of the author(s), the year of the publication, and the page number. Example: a textual citation. (Smith, 2003, 45)
58: Footnotes When using footnotes, complete documentation for a reference is placed at the bottom line of the same page. A divider line (preceded and followed by a DS) typically separates footnotes from the report body. Superscript numbers are used to consecutively identify each footnote. Indent the first line .5” from the left margin. Singles space each footnote; double space between items.
59: Endnotes Endnotes contain a complete documentation for a reference. However, endnotes appear on a separate page at the end of the report. Use the same margins as for the 1st page of the report. Endnotes are formatted like footnotes with a corresponding superscript number and a 1st line indent. Single space each endnote; double space between items. Include a page number at the top right.
60: Note Always consult style manuals for specific formatting requirements as there are several accepted methods. Become familiar with your particular software. There are many automatic formatting features which provide ease in designing and formatting.
62: Spreadsheets A program that allows you to use ROWS and COLUMNS of data to manage, predict, and present information. ADVANTAGES 1. Fast and accurate 2. Can answer what is 3. Can answer what if Can answer what is. Students’ current grade Individual athlete statistics Transportation schedules Current money available for spending Census results Can answer what if.... Student population increases Win/loss record changes Product sales decrease Hourly wage rate changes
63: Uses of spreadsheets School Sports Personal Business Government
64: Spreadsheet terms Active cell- the cell ready for data entry. Alignment- when data is entered into a cell, the default alignment is labels to the left and values to the right. Cell- intersection of a row and column and is identified by a cell reference. Cell range- a selected group of cells that form a rectangle. Cell reference- The column letter and row number. Example: b12 Column- identified by letters that appears at the top of the spreadsheet. (Vertical) Formula- Equations with symbols for math operations. Example: = b6+b7+b8+b9
65: Function- special formulas that do not use operators to calculate a result. I.e. A shortcut formula. Example: = sum (A6:A9) Label- Text, symbols, dates, or numbers not used in calculations. Rows- Identified by numbers on the left side of the spreadsheet. (Horizontal) Value- A number entered into a spreadsheet cell that will be used for calculations. Sum adds the range. Average, averages the range.
66: Formulas Four basic calculations Add+A1+B1 Subtract-C3-D4 Multiply*B6*A2 Divide/F1/F3 Order of operations You can also use parenthesis in your calculations complete order of operations first.
73: Databases Purpose: to store data Relational database Questions To Ask: What type of data is it? How much space does it need? Anything: That you run a card through Grocery store Membership names You have in data bases: Tables Reports Others are needed in order to access data Tables Where data is Reports To access data (print it out)
74: Forms Something new customers fill out Example: New customer form for Block Buster
75: Queries A question Example: When you do a search on the Internet Use “Criteria”