S: John B. Watson: The Godfather of Behaviourism Emma Stenta
BC: Ever wonder about how our behaviour works? Did you think that people could manipulate how our behaviour will turn out? Well this person did. John B. Watson: the Godfather of Behaviourism is a biography written about the man who founded a philosophy of psychology Behaviourism. Not only will this biography take you in-depth on the man but of the science. We see how behaviorism would help someone like Medea. Medea was betrayed by her husband, Jason, and got revenge by killing his new wife, which resulted in the death of her father, and then killing her own children. First behaviourists would begin with some classic conditioning, which is when a natural reflex responds to a stimulus. This is so they would be able to see how she reacts to different types of stimuli. Then these behaviourists would try behavioural or operant conditioning, which is when a response to a stimulus is forced. For example, if a stimulus where to make Medea happy whilst looking at a photo of Jason, then every time she thought of Jason she would think of happy thoughts. Or a stimulus that makes her feel sorrow when she sees a photo of her children or Jason’s new wife, she would begin to feel sorrow over thoughts. Its just that easywell theoretically. To find out more watch this link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xt0ucxOrPQE
FC: John B. Watson: 1878-1958 | The Godfather of Behaviourism | By Emma Stenta
1: For my Rosalie, thank you for your support and help in my work, and later, in my life. I did truly love you and I now I miss you. -John B. Watson
2: Watson and his assistant performing holding reflex experiments on an infant (most probably his own or his assistants child).
3: Contents: Stimulus 1: A Love Filled Dedication Stimulus 2: A Heart Felt Biography Stimulus 3: A Heart Felt Biography Stimulus 4: An Epilogue of Behaviorism: Stimulus 5: A Little Experiment Stimulus 6: A Hardworking Biography Stimulus 7: A Hardworking Biography
4: Full Name: John Broadus Watson Birth Date: 9th of January 1878 Birth Place: Greenville, SC Death Date: 25th of September 1958 Death Place: New York City | John Broadus Watson was born in South Carolina to an Emma and Pickens Watson. His mother Emma was very religious, but his father was not. Pickens drunk heavily and had several marital affairs which eventually led to him leaving when John was 13. John started at the Ferman University at 16, got his masters degree at 21 and then went on the University of Chicago to study Philosophy, became quite interested in comparative psychology and animal studies. Wrote his dissertation on the relationship between white rats and the growth of the nervous system; in 1903 received his doctorate and became a professor at John Hopkins University, teaching psychology. At the University of Chicago, he met and married Mary Ikes with whom he had two children with, but because of his fathers influence he cheated many times and drunk heavily, eventually they divorced in 1920. he re-married in 1921.
5: In 1913, John published an article referred to as ‘The Behaviourist Manifesto” (aka Psychology as the Behaviourist Views It). In this article, the term behaviourism was first heard a new philosophy of psychology, but the article also lacked reference to specific principles of behaviour. When spoken to about the article, he said to “cut out consciousness and introspect out of the picturepsychology is the study of people’s actions with the ability to predict and control those actions. In his early years, John used animals to run his studies on behaviour, but eventually went to study human behaviour and emotions, sometimes on his own children. His most famous experiment was the Little Albert Experiment; John believed that children had three emotional reaction states: rage, fear and love. He used a boy (about 2 years old) named Albert, to test his theory. In 1915, John became the President of the American Psychological Society. However in 1920, he was forced to resign his chair at Johns Hopkins when a scandal of his personal life came out. After leaving Johns Hopkins University, he went into the advertising industry, using his knowledge of animals and their behaviours to create ads that include animals. John became an ambassador and then vice president in 1924 for J Walter Thomson Agency. In 1936 his wife and ex-student of his, Rosalie Rayner died and his relationship with their two children became even worse. Eventually he resigned in 1945, and began a quiet life on a ranch. In 1958 he died from an infection after burning all his published works including Behaviorism (1924) and Psychological Care of Infant and Child (1928).
6: Behaviorism: Nowadays Behaviourism was a major contributor to psychology in the 20th century. But by the 1960s, new approaches gained attention and Watson’s ideas and theories have been modified and extended by new psychologists. Behaviourism is still a contributor to contemporary psychology, just now the emphasis is on the thinking that accompanies learning. Nowadays it is known as ‘behaviour analysis’, and is a thriving field. Its is an internationally known through the ‘Association for Behaviour Analysis: International’ (ABAI) and there are many journals and new research for it relating to language and cognition.
7: The Little Albert Experiment: An experiment performed by Watson with a toddler named Albert testing his emotional reactions rage fear and love. In these photos Albert is hearing a loud noise whenever a furry object (animal or otherwise) came near to teach fear.
8: Bibliography Date: 5/3/2011 Website: About.com URL: http://psychology.about.com/od/profilesofmajorthinkers/p/watson.htm Date: 7/3/2011 Website: Wikipedia URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_B._Watson#Later_life Date: 7/3/2011 Website: Muskingum University URL: http://www.muskingum.edu/~psych/psycweb/history/watson.htm Date: 4/3/11 Website: Today in Science History URL: http://www.todayinsci.com/W/Watson_John/WatsonJohn-Quotations.htm
9: Date: 4/3/11 Website: NNDB: tracking the world URL: http://www.nndb.com/people/078/000030985/ Date: 9/3/11 Website: Wikipedia URL: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behaviorism Date: 9/3/11 Website: Funderstanding URL: www.funderstanding.com/content/beahviourism Book: Psychology for the VCE student: Units 1 and 2 Author: Grivas, J/ Carter,L Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Australia Year First Published: 2010