BC: BY: Kayla Payne
2: Apost | 1.To form the possessive case of a singular noun, add an apostrophe and an s. Do not use apostrophes to form the possessive of the personal pronouns.
3: rophe | Example: | The fact that the model's predictions match the real world so closely is impressive. | http://www.time.com/health/article
4: Apost | 2.To form the possessive case of a plural noun ending in s, add only the apostrophe. Contractions
5: rophe | Sinervo and his team spent a year creating a predictive model of extinction, based on what they knew about lizards' heat sensitivity. | Example: | http://www.time.com/health/article
6: Apost | 3.Use an apostrophe to show where letters have been omitted in a contraction.
7: rophe | That's exactly what appears to be happening whit the worldwide lizard population. | Example: | http://www.time.com/health/article
8: Apost | 4.Use an apostrophe and s to form the plural of letters, numbers, and signs, and for the words refereed to as words. N.B. such letters, numbers, signs, or words as words would be in italics
9: rophe | Example: | http://www.nytime.com/2010/05/08/nyregion | In the 1970s, the unit's members were dispatched to undertake projects like reburying tent decks.
10: brackets | 1.Use brackets to signify an editors notes in a regular piece of witting.
11: brackets | Example: | http://www.nytime/2010/05/20/nyregion-teavhers. | Aubudon reports, "If there are not enough young to balance deaths, the end of species [California condo] is inevitable.
12: colon | 1. Use a colon before a list of items, especially after expressions like a follows or the following, A colon says"note what follows." A colon suggests equality.
13: colon | Example: | The Steams County Theatrical Company announces the opening of the following plays: Lear, May 10th; Death of a Salesman, June 15h; and Camelot, August 20th. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/14/us
14: colon | 2.Use a colon before a statement that expands or clarifies a preceding statement.
15: colon | Example: | There was one problem: Mr. Blumenthal, a Democrat now running for United States Senate, never served in Vietnam. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/nyregion
16: colon | 3. Use a colon in conventional situations.between hours and minutes in time after the salutation of a business letters.
17: colon | Example: | It was 7:45 a.m. on Tuesday, just over two hours into a patrol tat was turning into a gunfight on turf. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia
18: comma | 1.use commas to separate items in a SERIES.
19: comma | Example: | Arsonists in Bangkok set fire to almost 30 buildings, the government said, including the country's stock exchange, a massive shopping mall, two banks, a movie theater, and a television station. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia
20: comma | 2.Use a comma to separate TWO OR MORE ADJECTUIVES that come before a noun.
21: comma | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | He was a difficult, stubborn child.
22: comma | 3.Use a comma before and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet when it joins INDEPENDENT clauses
23: comma | Example: | "This shows that Iran is not pursuing nuclear weapons, but rather peaceful nuclear technology." | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05
24: comma | 4.Use commas to set off an expression that INTERUPTS a sentence. | a) mom-essential participle phrases or subordinate clauses. | b)non-essential appositives or appositive phrases. | d)parenthetical expressions
25: comma | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | "Some say the world will end in ice, not fire.
26: comma | 5.use a comma after yes, no, or any mild expression such as well or why at the beginning of a sentence.
27: comma | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | Yes, there are many issues in this world, but i think that most of them can eventually be solved.
28: comma | 6.Use commas after and introductory phrase or clause | a)always follow and introductory participle phrase with a comma. | b)always follow and introductory adverb clause with a comma
29: comma | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | \." | " | When the snow stops, we will shovel the driveway.
30: comma | 7. Use commas in certain conversational situation. | a) items in dates and addresses b)after the salutation of a friendly letter and the closing of any letter.
31: comma | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | "We cannot resist against these savages anymore," Jatuporn Prompan said.
32: comma | 8. Do not use unnecessary commas..
34: dash | 1.Use a DASH to indicate an abrupt break in thought or speech. (Use dashes to enclose overstated interruption) | a) Do not put a space on wither side of an-em-dash )the type of dash we are discussing here). | b) To type an em-dash on a Macintosh computer, hold down the option and Shift keys and press the Hyphen key. If your typewriter or printer cannot make an em-dash, use two hyphens in a row(without spacing) to indicate an em-dash.
35: dash | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | I have two dollars --Oh no...i think i left my purse in the mall.
36: ellipses | 1. to omitted material is indicated by three spaced dots.
37: ellipses | Example: | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/20/world/asia | This She thought and thought...and even thought some more.
38: exclamation point | 1. An exclamation is followed by an exclamation point.
39: exclamation point | Example: | http://www.nytime/2010/05/20/nyregion-teavhers. | I cant believe this is happening today!
40: hyphen | 1.Use a hyphen to divide a word at the end of a line. Divide words only between syllables, and make sure at least two syllables end up on the second line.
41: (Your Text Here) | hyphen | Example: | The word did not have the correct spell-ing. | http://www.nytime/2010/05/20/nyregion-teavhers.
42: hyphen | 2. Use a hyphen with compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine.
43: (Your Text Here) | hyphen | Example: | Thirty-seven states, the District of Columbia and the federal government have laws allowing life-without-parole sentences for juveniles. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/us/politics
44: hyphen | 3.Use a hyphen with fractions used as adjectives.
45: (Your Text Here) | hyphen | Example: | There was a two-thirds majority vote. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/us/politics
46: hyphen | 4.Use a hyphen with the prefixes ex-, self-, and all- and with the suffix -elect
47: (Your Text Here) | hyphen | Example: | The man was self-educated. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/us/politics
48: parentheses | 1. Use parentheses to enclose material added to a sentence but not of major importance. (An understated interruption) Place a space outside the parentheses, but do not place a space after the opening parenthesis or before closing parentheses.
49: parentheses | Example: | And yet we exist, and physicists (among others) would dearly like to know why. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/science/space
50: 1.A statement is followed by a period. | Period
51: Period | Example: | For Europe's banks, the problems are twofold. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/17/business.global
52: question mark | 1. a question is followed my a question mark.
53: question mark | Example: | What does the decision banning life without parole for juveniles say about the Supreme Court? | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/18/nyregion
54: quotation marks | 1.Use quotation marks to enclose a direct quotation-a persons exact words. How to punctuate and capitalize a quotation.
55: quotation marks | Example: | She wrote, "I must not live in fear of my own mortality, and succumb to the complacency of society, but rather sap each ounce of life out of my own fleeting existence and live what i believe to be a noble life." | http://www.people.com/people/article
56: quotation marks | 2. A direct quotation begins with a capital letter.
57: quotation marks | Example: | "If you thought pit bulls were tough, you don't want to mess with mama grizzlies." | http://www.times.com/time/quotes
58: quotation marks | 3. When a quoted sentence is divided into two parts by an interrupting expression such as he said or Mother asked, | The second part begins [read that as continues] with a small letter. (split quotation)
59: quotation marks | Example: | "That's why, after the child was born, I tested negative," he said, "and by the way, I did say it was my fourth time to test." | http://www.times.com/would/africa
60: quotation marks | 4. A direct quotation is set off from the rest of the sentence by commas or by a question mark or exclamation point. Where to place end marks in a quote
61: quotation marks | Example: | "We're the battalion that never sleeps," Colonel Coffman said. | http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/15/world/middleeast
62: quotation marks | 5. A period or comma following a quotation should be place inside the closing quotation marks.
63: quotation marks | Example: | "It's something from God, the he wanted him to live longer." | http://www.times.com/time/quotes
64: quotation marks | 6. Question mark or exclamation point should be placed inside the closing quotation marks if the quotation is a question or exclamation. | Otherwise it should be places outside, special placement of quotes
65: quotation marks | Example: | "Maybe impressionable young people will rationalize" of the president can get away with it, why cant I?" | http://www.times.com/would/africa
66: quotation marks | 7. When you write dialog (two or more persons having a conversation, begin a new paragraph each time you change speakers.
67: quotation marks | Example: | "You read to to get some?" asked one, as they loaded weapons. "Lets go get some," a Marine answered | http://www.times.com/would/africa
68: quotation marks | 8. When a quotation consists of several sentences, out quotation marks only at the beginning at at the end of the whole quotation, not around each sentence in the quotation.
69: quotation marks | Example: | "He is our role model. But if he's been with a woman outside marriage, He could get infected. It's not safe." | http://www.times.com/would/africa
70: quotation marks | 9. Use single quotation marks to enclose a quotation within a quotation. Conventional use.
71: quotation marks | Example: | "It could only be another king who says, 'I'm now opening it.'" | http://www.times.com/would/africa
72: quotation marks | 10. Use quotation marks to enclose titles of chapters, articles, short stories, poems, songs, and other parts of books or magazines.
73: quotation marks | Example: | http://www.times.com/would/africa | "At War"
74: semicolon | 1.Use a semicolon between independent clauses in a sentence if they are not joined by and, but, or, nor, for, yet.
75: semicolon | Example: | http://www.times.com/would/africa | I need to go to the store; I need bananas.
76: semicolon | 2. Use a semicolon between independent clauses joined by such words as for example, for instance, that is, because, besides, (In other words, between independent clauses joined by transitional words that are not conjunctions)
77: semicolon | Example: | Today some people write with a word processor; others use pin and paper. | http://www.times.com/would/africa
78: semicolon | 3.Use a semicolon to separate the independent clauses of a compound sentence if either of the independent clauses contains potentially confusing comma
79: semicolon | Example: | The titles that medical paraprofessional are given may differ; the complexity of their duties is the same, however. | http://www.nytime/2010/05/20/nyregion-teavhers.
80: semicolon | 4. Use a semicolon instead of commas to separate a list of items which themselves contain commas. (The "Upgrade Rule")
81: semicolon | Example: | Today some people write with a word processor; others use pin and paper. | http://www.nytime/2010/05/20/nyregion-teavhers.