S: The Past To The Present By:Monica.I & Jasmine.T period3
BC: We hope you learned something new!
FC: The Past To The Present By:Monica I & Jasmine T | Period 3
1: The English Colonies in America | The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers from Spain, France, Sweden, Holland, and England claimed land beginning in the 17th century. The struggle for control of this land would continue for more than a hundred years.
2: The Declaration of Independence | Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies, then at war with Great Britain, regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire. A committee was assembled to draft the formal declaration, to be ready when congress voted on independence. Adams persuaded the committee to select Thomas Jefferson to compose the original draft of the document, which congress would edit to produce the final version. The Declaration was ultimately a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain.
3: The American Revolution was the political upheaval during the last half of the 18th century in which thirteen colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire, combining to become the United States of America. They first rejected the authority of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them from overseas without representation, and then expelled all royal officials. By 1774, each colony had established a Provincial Congress, or an equivalent governmental institution, to govern itself, but still within the empire. The British responded by sending combat troops to re-impose direct rule. Through representatives sent in 1775 to the Second Continental Congress, the states joined together at first to defend their respective self-government. | American Revolution
4: The Constitution | To start, the Constitution is a document written by a group of men in 1787. Yes, it is over 200 years old. We actually have old copies of the document they created. The master copies are stored at the National Archives in Washington D.C. In 2003, the Rotunda, where the Constitution is displayed, was rebuilt, and anyone can go and see the actual Constitution. We also have pictures of the Constitution on this site. From May to September 1787, the men, known as the Framers, met in Philadelphia and discussed what should be in the Constitution. The United States was a brand new country at the time, and had a government that many felt was not as good as it could be. They were meeting to come up with a new way of running the country.
5: Bill of Rights | The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. These limitations serve to protect the natural rights of liberty and property. They guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public. While originally the amendments applied only to the federal government, most of their provisions have since been held to apply to the states by way of the Fourteenth Amendment. The amendments were introduced by James Madison to the 1st United States Congress as a series of legislative articles. They were adopted by the House of Representatives on August 21, 1789
6: The Growth of American Democracy | WHEN George Washington's first Administration was inaugurated in 1790, it functioned with nine simple executive units and approximately 1,000 employees. A century later, the 1891 census recorded that over 150,000 civilians were working in the Harrison Administration. During its first 100 years the American grown nearly 10 times as fast as the population. By 1979 the executive branch employed over 2,800,000 civil servants, divided among 12 cabinet departments, 59 independent agencies, and the several bureaus of the White House Executive Office.
7: The Era of Reform | The Progressive Era in the United States was a period of social activism and political reform that flourished from the 1890s to the 1920s. One main goal of the Progressive movement was purification of government, as Progressives tried to eliminate corruption by exposing and undercutting political machines and bosses. Many (but not all) Progressives supported prohibition in order to destroy the political power of local bosses based in saloons. At the same time, women's suffrage was promoted to bring a "purer" female vote into the arena.
8: The Civil War | As polarizing as recent presidential elections have been, none was more divisive than Abraham Lincolns in 1860. Knowing that Lincoln was against extending the “peculiar institution” of slavery, the Southern states led by South Carolina felt that they had no recourse but to secede from the Union of States formed in 1789 by the U.S. Constitution. The ensuing U.S. Civil War was really not as much about slavery as it was about Constitutional principle, sectional differences, moral righteousness, economic self-interest, and state rights. For four long and bloody years, brother fought brother, father fought son, and neighbor fought neighbor. Over 600,000 Americans died in the war.
9: Reconstruction Era | In the history of the United States, the term Reconstruction Era has two senses: the first covers the complete history of the entire U.S. from 1865–1877 following the Civil War; the second sense focuses on the transformation of the Southern United States from 1863 to 1877, as directed by Washington, with the reconstruction of state and society. From 1863 to 1869, Presidents Lincoln and Johnson took a moderate position designed to bring the South back to normal as soon as possible, while the Radical Republicans (as they called themselves) used Congress to block the president, impose harsh terms, and upgrade the rights of the Freedmen (the ex-slaves).
10: The Rise of Industry | Household manufacturing was almost universal in colonial days, with local craftsmen providing for their communities. This new era introduced FACTORIES, with machines and predetermined tasks, producing items to be shipped and sold elsewhere. In 1790, SAMUEL SLATER built the first factory in America, based on the secrets of textile manufacturing he brought from England. He built a cotton-spinning mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, soon run by water-power. Over the next decade textiles was the dominant industry in the country, with hundreds of companies created.
11: Cotton Gin | Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin revolutionized the cotton industry in the United States. Prior to his invention, farming cotton required hundreds of man-hours to separate the cottonseed from the raw cotton fibers. Simple seed-removing devices have been around for centuries, however, Eli Whitney's invention automated the seed separation process. His machine could generate up to fifty pounds of cleaned cotton daily, making cotton production profitable for the southern states.