FC: TOUR THROUGH AMERICAN HISTORY
1: Jennifer Campos and Brianna Hernandez Per.3
3: After the victory of the French Indian war, the British went into war debt. The British government looked to taxing the American colonies as a way of recouping their war costs. The colonists were taxed on printed documents such as legal documents, magazines, and newspapers. They were also taxed on imported products like tea and sugar.
4: The Boston Tea Party was a political protest against the British government that occurred in December of 1773. | After officials in Boston refused to return three shiploads of taxed tea to Britain, a group of colonists dressed up as Indians, boarded the ships and destroyed the tea by throwing it into Boston Harbor. | The Boston Tea Party
5: The colonists believed that the laws the British government were passing were illegal. It caused great tension between the British and the American colonies after the colonists refused to continue paying taxes.
6: On July 4, 1776, the 13 colonies declared their independence from British rule. | The Declaration of Independence
7: Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of the document. It gives the power to the people, and states that it is the right and duty of the people to overthrow or change the system of government if it takes away their rights. This outraged the British and King George the III.
8: The American Revolution began in 1775 due to the British army trying to seize colonists’ weapons in Concord, Massachusetts. This lead to a series of battles between Britain and the colonies. After a number of losses, the war took a huge turn after the victory at Saratoga. Now proving to the French that the colonists have a chance to win, the French agreed to ally with America and supply them with resources such as weapons and troops. | The American Revolution
9: With their new found hope and help from the French, the colonists began to wear down the British troops. In their final battle of the war, General Washington marched his army to Virginia and surrounded the British Army, along with French troops. | The number of casualties on the American side was estimated to about 389; while on the British side it was an estimated amount of about 900 along with an estimate of 7,500 war prisoners. After days and days of fighting, the British could no longer continue and officially surrendered with the wave of a white flag on October 19, 1781. The U.S. had officially won the war and was free from British rule. | The Battle of Yorktown
10: Creation of the Constitution | After the victory of the Revolutionary War, the 13 founding states agreed on the Articles of Confederation to officially legalized the United States of America as an independent country and served as the country's first constitution. Soon after it was ratified by Congress, many obvious problems started to arise. The Articles left a weak central government, leaving majority of the power to the states.
11: After divisions among states and local rebellions, a Constitutional Convention was called. The original goal of this was to revise the Articles, but the founding fathers found it easier to create a whole new document. This document became the law of the land, known as the Constitution. .
12: The Growth of North and South | Now with a stable government, both the north and south began to flourish. They also started to become economically different. While the North was industrial based, the South was known for its plantations and the selling of its major crop: cotton. With the invention of the cotton gin, the South became reliant on cheap slave labor.
13: However, the North believed that slavery was unconstitutional and should be abolished. This led to a feud between both sides of the country that grew tension over the years due to all the new territory the U.S. was purchasing/gaining. Finally in 1860, the election of Abraham Lincoln(an abolitionist) caused 11 states to succeed from the Union and created a new country called the Confederate States of America.
14: The Civil War | On April 11,1861 the Confederate States of America aimed fire at Fort Sumter, South Carolina. This ignited the beginning of the Civil War. With troops and resources on their side, the North saw the war as an easy and quick victory, but as they learned at the Battle of Bull Run, it was going to be a longer war than expected. The South however, also had an advantage: good military leaders. Robert E. Lee being among them.
15: In the beginning of the war, the Confederates had a number of victories. Then an unexpected turn in the war occurred after the Battle of Antietam, with a Union victory. After this victory Lincoln released the Emancipation Proclamation, setting all slaves in the southern states free. This gave the Union more troops due to African Americans enlisting. The Union also gained another advantage: Ulysses S. Grant, the new commander from the Union. Even with the Confederates putting up a good fight, they just didn’t have the resources to continue. Robert E. Lee’s army surrendered on April 9,1865 and began the ending of the long war.
16: Reconstruction | Reconstruction was the period after the Civil War based on reuniting the nation. This was when the former Confederate states were admitted back into the Union only after they ratified the 13th, 10% pledged loyalty to the Union, and they created new state constitutions. Although Lincoln was assassinated before he could see his hard work pay off, the country was working on rebuilding all of the damages and returning to normal.
18: The rise of industry | With a huge portion of immigrants coming in from Southern and Eastern Europe, the rise of industry grew rapidly. There were many new job opportunities for everyone. The idea of mass production opened thousands of factories all over the country.
19: During this period there were multiple famous inventions such as the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, and the light bulb invented by Thomas Edison. The South’s plantation based economy completely flipped as more and more factories were being built as well. The U.S. had become more urban like than ever!