S: United States Time Line
FC: United States Time Line | By Randy Guzman and jorge garcia
1: United States' Early History | The United States started out when the Age of Exploration kicked in. Many different type of people from England and other parts of Europe. The first settlement in the original 13 colonies was in Jamestown. Later on thousands of settlers started arriving at the East coast of North America. These different settlements later became the original 13 colonies. Since these were originally England's colonies, Great Britain started implementing taxes an laws. When the laws started becoming a little too unfair the colonies decided to separate from Great Britain.
2: The Continental Congress appointed a committee to write a declaration of independence from England. Thomas Jefferson was in charge of writing it. His job was to explain why the colonies were separating from Great Brittan and the natural rights they had. On July 1776 The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia to debate independence. All but one of the thirteen colonies voted independence, New York cast no vote. On July 4, 1776 the U.S. Declared Independence. | The Declaration Of Independence
3: The Constitution | Before writing the Constitution, the U.S. had made the Articles of Confederation to set out a basic government. However a rebellion called Shay’s rebellion showed that these Articles were weak in maintaining order and that we needed a strong central government. 42 of 55 delegates held a meeting on September 17, 1787 to sign the Constitution. Up to that point, they held their meetings almost daily at Independence Hall in Philadelphia. George Washington was the president of the Constitutional Convention. After the signing, they sent copies to all the states for ratification. Nine states approved the Constitution on June 21, 1788. The Constitution is only four pages long and is hand-written. Delaware was the first state to ratify the Constitution while Rhode Island was last. North Carolina initially voted against it.
4: The Bill of Rights | On September 25, 1789, the First Federal Congress of the United States proposed to the state legislatures twelve amendments, or changes, to the Constitution. The first two, concerning the number of constituents for each Representative and the compensation of Congressmen, were not ratified. Articles three through twelve, known as the Bill of Rights, became the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution and contained guarantees of essential rights and liberties omitted in the crafting of the original document. On June 8, 1789, James Madison introduced his proposed amendments to the Constitution, which would eventually become known as the Bill of Rights.
5: Washington's Foreign Policy | George Washington took the oath for presidency in 1789 to become our first president of the United States. As well as being the "father of the country," Washington was also the father of early US neutrality. He understood that the United States was too young, had too little money, had too many domestic issues, and had too small a military to actively engage in a strident foreign policy. Washington avoided political and military alliances, even though the US had already been the recipient of military and financial foreign aid. In 1778, during the American Revolution, the United States and France signed theFranco-American Alliance. As part of the agreement, France sent money, troops, and naval ships to North America to fight the British. Washington himself commanded a coalition force of American and French troops at the climactic siege of Yorktown, Virginia, in 1781.
6: Jacksonian Democracy | Jacksonian democracy is the political movement toward greater democracy for the common man typified by American politician Andrew Jackson and his supporters. Jackson's policies followed the era of Jeffersonian democracy which dominated the previous political era. Jackson's supporters began to form the modern Democratic Party; they fought the rival Adams and Anti-Jacksonian factions, which soon emerged as the Whigs.
7: Manifest Destiny | A symbol of Manifest Destiny, the figure "Columbia" moves across the land in advance of settlers, replacing darkness with light and ignorance with civilization. Expansion westward seemed perfectly natural to many Americans in the mid-nineteenth century. Like the Massachusetts Puritans who hoped to build a "city upon a hill,“ courageous pioneers believed that America had a divine obligation to stretch the boundaries of their noble republic to the Pacific Ocean. Independence had been won in the Revolution and reaffirmed in the War of 1812. The spirit of nationalism that swept the nation in the next two decades demanded more territory. The "every man is equal" mentality of the Jacksonian Era fueled this optimism. Now, with territory up to the Mississippi River claimed and settled and the Louisiana Purchase explored, Americans headed west in droves.
8: The North | During the early 1800’s, the northern and the southern parts of the United States of America were very different. The North had an economy based on industry. This includes business with factories, transportations of goods through boats and train, or sales of stocks. Another difference was that the North was anti-slavery and did not like the idea that the south was using them as property to their own benefit. In addition, the north had many large cities and forests.
9: The South | In comparison to the north, the south was extremely different. They had an economy based on agriculture that depended on slavery. They believed that it was necessary for slaves to be used cruelty as property in order for the economy of the United States to prosper.
10: The Civil War | The Civil War was the bloodiest war that the United States has ever fought in, even bigger than World War I, II, and the Vietnam War combined. It started because there were various differences economically, politically, and socially between the north and the south. They had completely different economies and the decision over slavery really just cut the thin piece of rope between the two. This war lasted 4 years from April 12, 1869 when Fort Sumter was shot upon to April 9, 1865 when General Lee Surrendered in Appomattox.
11: Reconstruction Era | The Reconstruction Era was the time that followed after the Civil War which was aimed to reunite the United States as fast as possible and to rebuild the south in all ways. This lasted 12 years from 1865 to 1877 which ended with beginning The Amnesty Act of 1872. Reconstruction policies were implemented when the first Confederate state came under the control of the Union Army. Following Lincoln's assassination in April 1865, president Andrew Johnson tried to follow Lincoln's policies and appointed new governors in the summer of 1865. Johnson quickly declared that the war goals of national unity and the ending of slavery had been achieved, so that reconstruction was completed. After a while the north got tired of fighting with the south so they stopped implementing laws and after while the plantation owners got back into power and ex-slaves kept being discriminated.
12: The Rise of Industry | During the first 30 years of the 1800s,AMERICAN INDUSTRYwas truly born. In 1790,SAMUEL SLATER built the first factory in America, based on the secrets of textile manufacturing he brought from England. He built a cotton-spinning mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island, soon run by water-power. Over the next decade textiles was the dominant industry in the country, with hundreds of companies were created. Yet, the Industrial Revolution would not have been possible without one further ingredient — people. Canals and railways needed thousands of people to build them. Business schemes required people to execute them. The number of projects and businesses under development was enormous. The demand for labor was satisfied, in part, by millions ofIMMIGRANTS from Ireland, Germany, and elsewhere. As is often the case when there is a mass immigration, there was a great deal of resistance. Ultimately these positions hardened, leading to major political changes in America.
13: The Great Wave Migration | IMMIGRATION was nothing new to America. Except for Native Americans, all United States citizens can claim some immigrant experience, whether during prosperity or despair, brought by force or by choice. However, immigration to the United States reached its peak from 1880-1920. The so-called "OLD IMMIGRATION" brought thousands of Irish and German people to the New World. This time, although those groups would continue to come, even greater ethnic diversity would grace America's populace. Many would come from Southern and Eastern Europe, and some would come from as far away as Asia. New complexions, new languages, and new religions confronted the already diverse American mosaic.
14: Reference | http://www.ushistory.org http://www.history.com/ http://www.loc.gov/index http://historymatters.gmu http://www.mixbook.com http://www.soldierstudies.org