S: Chris Garritano- English 9- Morrissey
BC: All the information gathered for this project was written down and taken from the packet, "Spirit of the Renaissance and The World of William Shakespeare." | Chris Garritano Publishing Company
FC: The Life and Times of William Shakespeare | The Italian and English Renaissance
1: Table of Contents | Geography ... Religion ... Achievements ... Politics ... Economy ... Society ... The Life of William Shakespeare... The Career of William Shakespeare... The Language of Shakespeare's Time... Essential Question... Pages Cited... | 2 & 3 4 & 5 6 & 7 8 & 9 10 & 11 12 & 13 14 & 15 16 & 17 18 19 20 & 21
2: Geography | Italian Renaissance | - Italy was one of the first European countries who wanted to bring back the culture of classical Greece and Rome. - All of Europe suffered from the terrible Black Death, and the remaining survivors wanted to celebrate the lives they have. This culture rise was called Humanism. - City states such as Milan and Florence especially prospered from the Italian Renaissance. | Elizabethan England | - Location: Europe. - Place: England; Capital: London. - Regions: Cornwall, Cumberland, York Lincoln, Stratford-upon-Avon, Suffolk, Essex. - Bodies of Water: Irish Sea, English Channel, North Sea. | 2
3: Renaissance Italy | Elizabethan England | 3
4: Religion | Italian Renaissance | - The major religion practiced in Italy was Christianity. - Christianity served as a unifying force for most citizens there. - As the Middle Ages moved into the Renaissance, Christianity was still the most populous, but became less feared and more expressed positively. - Instead of focusing on what not to do, Christians focused on what they should do. | Elizabethan England -Religion became based on whoever ran the government at the time. - Protestant and Christianity were the main forms of religion. - The two religions constantly fought as the new rulers constantly switched between the two belief systems. - Queen Mary (Bloody Mary), a Catholic, even had all exposed Protestants killed. | 4
5: Protestant Cross | Catholic Cross | 5
6: Achievements | Italian Renaissance | - Leonardo Da Vinci created the most famous painting in the world, the Mona Lisa. - Michelangelo is known for the way he sculpted the true form of the human body, as shown in the sculpture of David. - Michelangelo also painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel. | Elizabethan England | - England at the time was full of theaters, stages and town centers, which held liberal art type events. - England was full of people who contributed to all plays and poetry, such as Shakespeare himself. - Education was an important factor. Only boys went to school, and they were taught reading, writing, grammar, Latin and religion. | 6
7: Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel | Shakespeare's Globe Theater | 7
8: Politics | Italian Renaissance | Elizabethan England | - Although rulers, Kings and Queens held the power, merchants began taking that power little by little. - A family of bankers named the Medici started to take over the Republican city of Florence. - Merchants succeeded by their wit and individual merit. | - A monarchy of Kings and Queens made up the government. - The religion of the government decided the main religion of the country. - Some leaders include King Henry, Queen Mary, and Queen Elizabeth. - England also included a Civic Order, which helped decide and run government affairs. | 8
9: Two Italian Merchants | Queen Elizabeth 1 | 9
10: Economy | Italian Renaissance | - During the 16th and 17th Century, the Commercial Revolution was the expansion of trade and business changed the economy of Europe. - The Commercial Revolution, The Crusades and the Renaissance were all similar in the fact that they all involved Europe and a change in the society in which the people lived in. | Elizabethan England | - The economy centered around a strong trading business, which made the economy flourish. - England would take in imports such as cinnamon, peppers and cloves, which were all oriental spices. - Spices were traded from country to country through the East India Trading Company. | 10
11: East India Trading Company Logo | Elizabethan England Currency | 11
12: Society | Italian Renaissance | - Humanism was the movement in which, life, human potential and human achievements were happily celebrated. - Men and women were now expected to enjoy and participate in the arts and literature. Humanism also helped people grasp a better understanding of Greek values. - Only about 25% of people lived in urban areas. Unfortunately with the growing population in urban areas, unsanitary living and joblessness grew about. However, plays and other entertainment were still gladly enjoyed. | Elizabethan England | - The social structure was determined by the following factors: wealth, birth, education and occupation. - There were many jobs that scattered outside and inside the rulers castle, such as: Actors, Writers and Poets (which were a big part of society); Blacksmith, Candle Maker, Glove Maker, Jester and even Acrobat. | 12
13: Humanism Celebration | Elizabethan Jester | 13
14: The Life of William Shakespeare | William Shakespeare was born on April 23rd, 1564. He was soon baptized into the Catholic Church on April 26th the same year. His mother Mary, who stayed at home, and his father John, a glove maker, had 7 other siblings. William was the third of 8 children. The Shakespeare family was always wealthy, because the gloves William's father made were the ones wore by wealthy women. Therefore education was affordable. William went to school until he was thirteen. At that point, the family had lost all power and money due to a true tragedy. | 14
15: The Life of William Shakespeare | William Shakespeare had a cousin who made the mistake of getting drunk one day, and in a bar he joked that he would want to kill the current queen, Queen Elizabeth. Although it was a joke, word spread quickly. The rumor got to the Queen, and the Shakespeare family was instantly hated throughout the town. William had seen many of his cousins, aunts and uncles be executed because of this incident. William's family also lost their money, which meant the children were not able to go to school anymore. The Shakespeare's went from riches to rags in an instant. | 15
16: The Career of William Shakespeare | In 1503, when William was 18, he left his family to move to London, where he could pursue his career as an actor and a writer. Shakespeare was famous for being a playwright, an actor and a poet. William created an acting company by the name of The Lord's Chamberlain's Men, but was switched to The King's Men when King James took power. William Shakespeare wrote in total 37 plays in his career, along with 157 sonnets, which were small passages that touched upon certain themes. Some famous plays were "Romeo and Juliet", "Hamlet", "Othello", "Alls Well That Ends Well" and "As You Like It". Shakespeare would be able to thank Queen Elizabeth for much of his success, for she was a big supporter of the arts. | 16
17: The Career of William Shakespeare | On June 12th, 1599, William Shakespeare opened the Globe Theater, just outside of London. It was conveniently placed there because it allowed William more artistic freedom. the Globe was a round, open air theater where peasants were forced to stand if they wanted to watch the play. Throughout this entire era, women were not allowed to be actors, because it was frowned upon. Therefore, men would have to dress as women and play their role. Unfortunately, the Globe Theater came to an unexpected end in 1613, just 14 years after the opening. The theater caught on fire when a prop cannon loaded with gunpowder hit the roof and burned the place down. | 17
18: The Language of Shakespeare's Time | William Shakespeare wrote his plays in a different way of speaking. He had created a language known as Shakespearean or Elizabethan. But the interesting part was that no one in his time actually spoke the language the way he wrote it. His style was completely unique. | Words of William Shakespeare's Language | Art.......... Are Coz.......... Cousin Hark You.......... Listen You! Knave.......... Rascal Stay.......... Stop Thrice.......... 3 Times 'Tis.......... It is | Ope.......... Open O'er.......... Over Gi'.......... Give Ne'er.......... Never I'.......... I've E'er.......... Ever Oft.......... Often | A'.......... Always | 18
19: 19 | Essential Question | EQ: How Does the Renaissance Influence Literature and History? | Because of both the Italian Renaissance and the English Renaissance, Art and Literature were both greatly affected. Literature and writing, as in poetry, books and plays, became so much more greatly appreciated when this era broke out. Without it, writing would not have been much of a concern, and for all we know William Shakespeare might not have done what he had done. The same goes for the arts. Everyone who had a talent was supported by everyone to follow their dream. Art was a major one of those talents. If nobody was their to support Leonardo Da Vinci, or Michelangelo, they may have not been so successful and famous. All in all, the Renaissance made the people with talents the famous people we know today. It ultimately changed the future.
20: Picture Citations | Andrews, John F. "William Shakespeare." Online image. 1987. William Shakespeare. 20 April. 2012.
21: Kristel Linnutaja. "The Globe Theater." Online image. 2010. Elizabethan Theatre and The Globe. 20 Apri, 2012.