BC: For You, Lyndon
FC: Lyndon Baines Johnson
1: Johnson’s Early Career By Jessica Greco Before Johnson became president he was known as a Congressman for the 10th Congressional District of Texas who served six terms in the House of Representatives from 1937 to 1941. However, he failed to get a bid for the Senate in 1941. He was narrowly defeated by W. Lee “Pappy” O’Daniel. After being defeated Johnson decided to join the U.S. Navy. During this time he was on active duty and was awarded the Silver Star. In 1948 Johnson again ran for Senate and this time he won. Throughout his campaign for Senate he flew around in a helicopter, which was new technology back then. | Winning the Democratic primary by 87 votes was known as a landslide, hence Johnson’s nickname, “Landslide Lyndon” was his name when he ran for Senate. He defeated Jack Porter and took over the Senate sear. Later in 1952 Johnson was elected Senate Minority Leader. On July 2, 1955 a near fatal event occurred when Johnson suffered a heart attack. Quickly coming back after this tragedy Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, which was the first civil rights bill in 82 years! This act created a Civil Rights Division of the Justice Department and gave federal prosecutors the power to attain an injunction against interference with voting rights. It also established a Federal Civil Rights Commission which was able to investigate cases of discrimination.
2: Johnson’s next big bill that he guided through Senate was the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958, better known as NASA. Two years later Johnson agreed to be Kennedy’s running mate as Vice President. Later that year Kennedy won and Johnson became Vice President. In his role as Vice President he became Chairman of the space council, visited South Vietnam as Kennedy’s representative and he visited Berlin after construction on the Berlin Wall began. Johnson’s last contribution to his Vice Presidency was advising Kennedy on the Cuban Missile Crisis as part of the Executive Committee of the National Security Council. After this Johnson becomes the 36th president.
3: Lyndon B. Johnson’s Domestic Issues By: Michael Dufer As the president of the United States, Lyndon B. Johnson was faced with many problems and challenges concerning our nation’s domestic issues. Johnson believed he could solve many of these issues by setting up domestic programs to help achieve a “Great Society”. These programs focused on issues such as racial injustice, poverty, and environmental awareness. The goal of working toward a Great Society was to improve and “advance the quality of our American civilization”. Civil rights, one of the main domestic issues during Johnson’s presidency was an issue focused on in the | Great Society. Signed by President Johnson, The Civil Rights Act of 1964 made discrimination of race, color, religion, sex, or origin illegal in public places. The following year President Johnson approved the Voting Rights Act of 1965. This act permitted the Federal government to oversee voter registration and elections. In addition to this, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 outlawed discriminatory literacy tests and expanded voting rights to Americans who could not speak English. Along with civil rights, the domestic issue of poverty was important challenge in the Great Society. The Food Stamp Act, which was passed in 1964 by President Johnson,
4: established a program to help poor and less fortunate families improve their diet. Also concerning the health of poor Americans, LBJ approved the creation of Medicaid, a health insurance program for low income families and individuals. The ESEA Act helped improve education of poor Americans by giving federal aid to school districts with low income families. LBJ believed that America couldn’t advance toward the Great Society unless America is able to preserve that land in which it lives off of. One of the steps Johnson took in trying to prevent an “ugly America” was passing of the Wilderness Act. The preservation of over 9,200,000 acres for the Federal government helped lead to the creation of additional national parks. | In order to prevent water pollution, President Johnson signed the Water Quality Act. This act established and enforced water quality standards for interstate waterways. Along with the waterways, highways were getting cleaned up as well. Passed in 1965, The Highway Beautification Act helped states control billboards and junkyards while promoting scenic roadside development alongside major highways. During his presidency, Lyndon B. Johnson took on many responsibilities presented to him by the domestic issues that faced the country. LBJ set up domestic programs and policies concerning issues such as civil rights, poverty, and environmental preservation. Some of the ideals and beliefs proposed in Johnson’s Great Society continue to exist in America and influence the society of today.
5: LBJ’s FOREIGN POLICY By Nate Andrew Lyndon Baines Johnson was the President of the United States from 1963-1969. He was forced to deal with many foreign policy issues and decisions during his terms in office. He was our commander-in-chief during the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, the Outer-Space Treaty, the formation of the Organization of African Unity, the Crisis in the Congo, and maybe the most crucial issue of his presidency: the War in Vietnam. Although these and many of his other foreign policy decisions are not as well recognized as his domestic policy decisions, they still made a huge impact on the rest of the world. Johnson became President of the United States after John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963. | One of his first foreign policy actions was to renegotiate the Panama Canal Treaty. Riots had erupted when U.S. students raised the American flag in the Canal Zone. There was a lot of tension because of this, and Johnson was forced to try to renegotiate with Panama. This event occurred in early 1964. The next several foreign events that occurred during Johnson’s presidency were the Guantanamo Water Crisis and the Gulf of Tonkin Incident. The first occurred when Fidel Castro cut off the water supply to the U.S. Naval base at Guantanamo. After this happened, Johnson made sure that the base was able to supply themselves with water. The Gulf of Tonkin Incident was when the North Vietnamese attacked American vessels in the Gulf of Tonkin, off the coast of Vietnam.
6: This marked the unofficial beginning of the Vietnam War, which was still going on after his last term in office. The war in Vietnam was one foreign policy decision by LBJ that was very unpopular to the American people. In Lyndon Johnson’s first elected term as President, in 1966, he gave a speech outlining the U.S. programs and policies in Africa, on the 3rd anniversary of the Organization of African Unity. In 1967, he signed the Treaty on Outer Space. This treaty oversaw all actions of nations in outer space. Another foreign policy event that happened during this time was the “Crisis in the Congo”, in July of 1967. Johnson sent some U.S. aircraft to the Congo, to help the government of Congo to prevent rebellion from its people. | The signing of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, on July 1, 1968, was a major foreign policy event during Johnson’s first elected term in office. The United States and fifty-eight other countries signed this treaty in an attempt to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. It was major because it was right in the middle of the Cold War; it may have helped tensions between the countries that had nuclear weapons. During Lyndon Baines Johnson’s presidency, there were many different world problems and difficulties. From the different treaties he signed to the decision of sending troops to Vietnam, Johnson had huge foreign policy decisions and issues to deal with. Some of Johnson’s actions, like sending U.S. troops to Vietnam, were criticized by the American people, but our 36th president also made many decisions that benefited the rest of the world.
9: Post Presidency of President L. B. Johnson By: Jacob Shuss The life of President Lyndon B. Johnson after his presidency was full of activity. He retired to his home ranch after his successor, President Richard Nixon, was inaugurated on January 20, 1969. He only lived for a few short years after his retirement, but those years were full of excitement and events. Johnson then started out his retirement by attending the launch of Apollo 11 from the launch site of Cape Kennedy, Florida. This act of launching a ship into space | and landing on the moon fulfilled the vision that Johnson had when he gave his memorandum speech about his predecessor, President Kennedy. He then attended the dedication of a library in Austin, Texas. Here, he had the distinct honor of having the library named after him. After this, Johnson wrote and published an autobiography, or memoir. The memoir was titled Vantage Point, the Perspective of the Presidency, 1963-1969. This memoir was published on the first of November, 1971.
10: Shortly after this, on January 22, 1973, Johnson’s family received a horrible shock in the passing of the former president, family member, and lifelong friend, Lyndon B. Johnson. He was buried in his family’s grave, near Stone wall, Texas, the place of the former president’s birth.
11: Created by Daniel Noud Greim