FC: Magritte & Duchamp
1: René - FraMagritte was born in a town near Lessines, Belgium on November 21, 1898. He was the eldest of three boys. | René-Franois-Ghislain Magritte
2: René Magritte's father, Léopold, was a tailor/merchant and it never brought in enough money. Therefore, the family ended up moving quite often. His mother, Adeline, was just a stay at home mom. The constant moving took the biggest toll on her. In 1912, Adeline Magritte drowned herself in the Sambre River. René was there when they pulled her out of the river. No doubt, he was scarred for life. That will become useful information later on. His art education started at age 12 when he took painting classes from a local school master, and developed a passion for the films of the arch-criminal Fantmas as well as an eccentric taste for Edgar Allan Poe and Maurice Leblanc. At the Académie, the Magritte met Victor Servranckx and Pierre-Louis Flouquet, and the three of them followed the constructive adventure of the "group 7 Arts", a period during which Magritte also makes his first decorative and advertising works.
3: Pierre Broodcoorens 1921 | Nude 1919
4: René Magritte's earlier paintings were conforms of Cubism and Futurism (1918-20). He was inspired by the Purists and artist Fernand Léger. | Quick Fact: In the midst of all these paintings, René Magritte met up again with Georgette Berger. He knew her when he was 15. He got reacquainted with her in 1920. She later became Magritte's model and then wife in 1922. Obviously, Georgette was supportive of his art. | Georgette at the Piano 1923 | Self-Portrait 1923 | The Blue Cinema 1925
5: After 1926, René Magritte's paintings slowly turned into surrealist. It started with just sketches and suddenly turned into full blown out paintings. | Quick Fact: "I detest resignation, patience, professional heroism, and obligatory beautiful feelings. I also detest the decorative arts, folklore, advertising, voices making announcements, , aerodynamism, boy scouts, the smell of mothballs, events of the moment, and drunken people." -René Magritte | God's Salon 1948 | Favourable Omens 1944 | Perspicacity 1936
6: The Two Mysteries 1966 | The Great War 1964 | The Labours of Alexander 1967
7: René Magritte's paintings, at the end of his life were pure surrealist. However, in almost every one of his artworks from the middle of his life, until the end of his life, had a different meaning or a reasoning behind the painting. He never painted something for no reason. As Magritte said, "Everything we see hides another thing, we always want to see what is hidden by what we see." Magritte's parents were supportive of him being an artist. His brothers were artists as well. His wife, Georgette was very supportive as well. After they all died, he kept painting them. René Magritte died on August 15, 1967. He died of cancer. His legacy lived on to influence his biggest fan Loren Adams, a seascape artist.
9: Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp, was born on July 28th, 1887, near Blainville, France | Ma | Marcel Duchamp was not a normal sort of artist. His Surrealist was just about as far as surrealist could go. He went to Paris to art school as his brothers did. His parents encouraged all cultural activities that their children participated in. His parents were Eugene and Lucie Duchamp. I cannot find what their occupations were. Marcel Duchamp's earliest works were his versions of Monet and Impressionism. However, as he got older he started working as a cartoonist. He later fell in love with Cubism and Futurism. As he went on in life, Duchamp turned into an "all over the place" kind of guy. There was times that he would put himself in a dress, do his makeup and take a picture. That was when he started his own theory of Dadaism. Marcel Duchamp died on October 2, 1968. There was no specific cause of death, but there were plenty guesses of natural causes.
10: Early Career was close to the same idea as Claude Monet's Impressionism and Cezanne. | Landscape at Blainville 1902 | Portrait of Dr R Dumouchel 1910 | Portrait of Gustave Candel's mother 1911-12
11: Young Girl and Man in Spring 1911 | Portrait de joueurs d'echecs 1911 | The Middle years of Duchamp's career were more surrealism and slowly turning to cubism.
12: His late years consisted of random sculptures and paintings. Featuring Surrealism and his own invention: Dadaism. | LHOOQ 1919 | Fountain 1917-1964 | Bottle Rack 1914 | Fun Fact: The painting is called "LHOOQ" because when said quickly, it sounds like "Elle a chaud au cul". This means "She has a "good looking rear end".
13: Timeline of Henri-Robert-Marcel Duchamp and René Magritte's Lifetimes | 1885: The Statue of Liberty, The Statue of Liberty was made in France, and was proposed by Edouard de Laboulaye, sculpted by Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi and funded by the French people. It was shipped to New York and placed onto Liberty Island in New York Harbor. 1886: Coca Cola, John Pemberton begins selling his formula at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia. 1889: The Eiffel Tower, The Eiffel Tower, or the Tour Eiffel, was opened on March 31st, 1889, and was the work of a Gustave Eiffel, who was a bridge engineer. 1900: L. Frank Baum writes The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. 1901: First Nobel Prize in Literature: poet Sully Prudhomme, France. 1902: In France, magician George Mélis’ A Trip to the Moon tells fantasy in film. 1912: The Titanic Sinks on the night of April 14-15, 1912, Titanic struck an iceburg whilst on its maiden voyage, with a loss of over 1500 souls. 1926: The Charleston and the Jazz Era made its way to Paris. 1930: The Great Depression reached France and destroyed their country even more because of WWI and WWII. 1953: Cambodia gains independence from France. Next door, the French fight to hold onto Vietnam.
14: Magritte and Duchamp had completely different ideas. They both fall under surrealism, but they each have their own way of showing it. Take Duchamp for example. His way of surrealism, that eventually turned into dadaism, was purely outrageous. They never had an meaning. He literally did what he thought was funny, or just some creative piece that he never planned. Whereas Magritte's work did. He seemed to be obsessed with his mother's death. He was there when they pulled her out of river. That is why she has a white sheet over her face in Magritte's paintings. The painting "The Lovers" is of his parents. He painted it right after his father's death. Magritte also has a thing with painting eggs. The only explanation I could get was that it was a common surrealist technique. The most similarities that I could think of between Magritte and Duchamp is that they both were inspired by Cezanne. However, both men went on to be successful artists and, well, legends.