S: Many Deserts Many Plants
2: A Special Thank You A Special Thank You to the following people for supporting our Classes learning about Desert Plants of Arizona: http://www.desertusa.com/ http://www.mixbook.com Melodie Brewer Dysart Technology Trainer Kelli Heaston Dysart Gifted Specialists Angelia Gherman 4th Grade Teacher Riverview Malissa Thibault Instructional Coach Riverview Without your support this project would have not been possible Dedication This book is dedicated to the students of Mrs. Bischof’s 2008-2009 4th grade class. Your willingness to take chances, explore and grow as researchers will inspire my enthusiasm to teach. Mrs. Bischof 4th Grade Teacher Riverview
3: Introduction The Deserts of Arizona have extreme climates, both hot and cold. Temperatures in the desert range from the high 80-90’s by day and can be freezing at night. There are a lot of plants that have learned to live in our deserts. If you visit Arizona’s deserts you will see, cactus, rocks, trees, sandy soil and dry river beds. The average rainfall in our desert is about seven inches a year. Please enjoy reading our class book about plants found in our deserts. Author: Anthony / Daniel
4: Organ Pipe The range of the Organ Pipe Cactus is a small area in the Sonoran Desert from Arizona to Mexico .The habitat for this cactus is, hot, sunny slopes, from 1,000 to 3,500 feet. The flowers blossoms are lavender white. The flowers are one and half inches long. The Organ Pipe Cactus only blooms at night, from May to June. This water storing cactus is the second largest cactus in the United States. The Organ Pipe Cactus can grow up to 23 feet. Author: Lisle
6: Apache Plume The Apache Plume range is the Sonoran Desert, Mojave Desert, Chihuahua Desert, and the Great Basin. The Apache Plume’s habitat is normally rocky slopes between 9,000 and 8,000 feet. Round white flowers with blossoms April through June the Apache Plume has five petals . The Apache Plume is a member of rose family. Author: Aaron
8: Agave Cactus Agave Cactus can be used to make juice, paper, food, clothing and tequila. Agave Cactus lives in the desert of Arizona. Agave Cactus is related to the Yucca Cactus. Their leaves look like holders of daggers or swords. They protect themselves with their sharp barbed spines. Agave’s root are shallow and radiating this help them get water from rains and snowfalls. Humans affect Agave Cactus by destroying their habitat. Even though we killed them they help us survive by absorbing the carbon dioxide from the air. Author: Hector
10: The Arizona Poppy The habit of the Arizona Poppy is flat sandy grasslands and it is at sea level thought Arizona and southern tip of California .The Arizona Poppy`s leaves have hairs that can be yellowish or white. The Arizona Poppy`s blossom is orange and yellow. The Arizona poppy is one of 46 spices of poppy flowers. The Arizona poppy blooms in the summer after summer storms. Author: Anabel
11: Barrel Cactus The flower on the Barrel Cactus always has to be on top of the cactus. Native Americans boil young flowers to eat cabbage. They also mashed older flowers then boiled them for something to drink sometimes to survive. The spines of the Barrel Cactus are used for tattooing people. Some common names are The Candy Barrel Cactus. The Barrel Cactus usually grows along the desert Canyon walls of the hot desert. The flowers on the plant are red, yellow, and orange. The pulp of a Barrel Cactus is used to make Cactus Candy. Author: Alyssa
12: Cave Primrose Do you know what a Cave Primrose is? A Cave Primrose is a wildflower. The Cave Primrose grows in Southeastern Utah. It also grows in Northern Arizona. A specimen was collected near Bluff, Utah. A Cave Primrose contains 22 genera and 800 species alive mostly around the world. The Cave Primrose will bloom in early Spring. They bloom around Easter: the flower will finish blooming by May. Many Cave Primrose can grow in wet locations. So its adaption will make it grow different locations. People keep finding many species. They found them on the Colorado Plateau growing in mountain areas. Most Cave Primrose have a slightly offensive odor that sometimes might attract skunks. The odor is not to scare away any animals at all. The smell is to attract very small insects to help the plant grow. Author: Adrianna M.
14: Century Plant The Century plant ranges from the Sonran desert to California and Texas. Its habitat is usually dry rocky hills. The Century plant takes many many years to bloom but not a century. But when it does bloom it blooms from June and August. Its flowers consist of six yellow petals. When the century plants flowers die the whole plant dies along with it. Century plants can grow from six to fourteen feet tall. The Century plant can be used for many things. Take the Natives for an example they used it for things such as soap and rope. Author: Zack
16: Christmas Cactus The desert Christmas cactus can be found in Arizona, Eastern New Mexico, Texas and Mexico! The desert Christmas cactus can be found at 1,000 to 4,000 feet above sea level. The desert Christmas cactus flower is one inch wide and it blooms in May and June. It is bright red and has round fruit. The Christmas cactus grows in the Sonoran Desert. Author: Ashlee H.
17: Desert Mariposa Lilly The Desert Mariposa Lilly grows in the Sonoran Desert 1 to 2 inches wide. The Desert Mariposa Lilly gets its water from rainfall. | The Desert Mariposa can get as much as water it needs by its wide root system. The Desert Mariposa Lily grows in Sonoran Desert it grows in heavy soil and open areas. | and open areas. Humans affect the plant when they remove it or step on it. Make sure children don’t step on the Mariposa Lilly. Watch your steps because you might step on the Mariposa Lilly. Author: Crystal
18: Devil’s Claw What’s a Devil’s Claw? A Devil’s claw is a wildflower. It can be found across the Sonoran Desert, from Arizona and south to Mexico. Warm weather triggers Growth to the species of the Devil’s claw. Devil’s Claws seeds are white. Its fruit is green and banana shaped. The flowers of the Devil’s claw are like a snapdragon, to spread the plants seeds. Large animals provide the perfect transportation for the Devil’s claws seeds pod, the pods attach to the fur and are carried by the animal until they fall off. Author: Albert
20: Ghost Flower The habitat of the Ghost Flower is Arizona, On Slopes below 2,500 feet. The color of the Ghost Flower is white and it has purple-pink dots on the surface. The lower petal has reddish and purple spots with two bright yellow stamens. The Ghost Flower gets it’s name because the flowers are translucent. Author: Lizbeth
21: Joshua Tree The Joshua Tree grows only in the Mojave deserts of Arizona, California, and Nevada. The Joshua Tree is the biggest of Yuccas. The Joshua tree has no seeds, but it sprouts new plants from its roots. The yucca moth lays its eggs in the flower’s ovaries. When their eggs hatch the young moths use the yucca seeds for food. Author : Joshua
22: Mesquite Tree The Mesquite Tree grows in three deserts all the deserts are found in Arizona. Habitat of the Mesquite is along side desert washes and streams, hillsides often below 5500 feet. A Mesquite Tree is a small Tree that is identified by its bean like pods and three inch spines on the branches. It can reach a height of twenty feet; the trunk could be up to 12 inches around .The honey Mesquite taproots were often used for firewood .The Native Americans depended on the Mesquite pod as a source of food .They used it to make syrup, tea, and a ground meal called Pinole. Author: Ricardo
24: Night Blooming Cactus The Night Blooming Cactus is found in the Sonoran Desert. It likes the shade of the Creosote bush. When the cactus blooms it’s between four to eight inches. Near the stem there will be twiggy thorns and there gray spines. The Night Blooming Cactus can be erect or sprawling up to eight feet, but it is only half the length. Author Daniel B | When the cactus blooms it’s between four to eight inches. Near the stem there will be twiggy thorns and there gray spines. The Night Blooming Cactus can be erect or sprawling up to eight feet, but it is only half the length. Author Daniel B
25: Ocotillo Cactus The Ocotillo Cactus has many other names such as Candle Wood, Coach Whip, Slim Wood, Flaming Sword, and Vine Cactus. The Ocotillo lives in the rocky, dry deserts of the Southwest . The Southwestern deserts are about 5,000 feet. The Ocotillo does not look like a bush. The branches are not skinny; they are big. The Ocotillo is cool. I am glad that you can read about my plant. Author : K.C.B
26: Ponderosa Pine Did you know that the scientific name for the Ponderosa Pine is the ‘’Pinus Ponderosa ‘’? It grows best in plateau areas above 6,000 feet .The Ponderosa Pine can grow with only 20 inches of rain per year. Ponderosa Pine young trees are called ‘’Blackjacks’’, because they have a thick black bark that makes them fire resistant. Author: Chance
27: Palo Verde The Palo Verde Tree has more than one name. 0ne name is the scientific name (cercidium floridum), the common name is Palo Verde. The foothill species grows in the uplands. The foothill species can grow up to 21 feet in a lifetime. There is more than one species of Palo Verde tree. The Blue Palo Verde and the Foothill species are green with multiple trunks and spines. In flower season the plant gets covered in yellow blossoms With five petals. Author: Cameron
28: Prickly Pear The Prickly Pear Cactus is found in almost all of the deserts in the American Southwest. Some of the Prickly Pears live in the desert and most forests. The Prickly Pear is green with sharp spines, and yellow and pink flowers. The Prickly Pear adapts to extreme heat, by storing water. The Prickly Pear Cactus has fruit on it that can be used for making delicious food and the Javelin can eat the Prickly Pear Cactus as part of their diet. Author: Teresa
30: Illustrator of Front Cover
31: The Saguaro Cactus The Saguaro Cactus is a giant cactus. Its blossom is the state flower of Arizona. The blooms have little white petals with a yellow petal. The blooms make sweet red juicy fruit that can be enjoyed by birds and humans. Saguaro Cacti have waxy smooth skin. It can grow 18 to 24 inches in diameters and it only grows one inch a year. It can only be found in the Sonoran Desert. Humans affect the Saguaro’s habitat by making houses, stores and building. When people build they often destroy the desert, the Saguaro Cactus is protected by law. Author: Indra
32: The Saguaro Cactus The Saguaro Cactus lives in the Sonoran Desert. The cactus has seeds and juice from the fruit. The Saguaro Cactus has a flower. The flower is 3-inch around and is a white blossom that is yellow at its center. Bats come all the way from Mexico to drink the flowers nectar. The Saguaro Cactus blossom is the state flower of Arizona and is protected by law. The Saguaro Cactus is very tall. It could grow up to 20-50 feet its growth is very slow when it is 5 years old it is only three feet t all or more. The Saguaro Cactus first arm develops when the plant is about 75 years old. The Cactus can have up to 5 or 7 arms. Author: Bianca
34: Dog Bane The Dog Bane Flower is a piousness plant. The Dog Bane has seeds that have little white hairs attach to them. The Dog Bane only blooms from late spring all the way to when its hot in the summer .The Dog Bane has reddish stems that arise in spiny cluster. It grows up to about three feet tall. Dog Bane’s milky sap contains has medical uses. The Dog Bane can be found in Arizona, as well as, areas threw New England to Florida and parts of the southwest to British Columbia. People affect the Dog Bane by taking over it`s habitat and building homes and businesses. The Dog Bane is piousness to all dogs. Author: Ashley V.
36: Desert Lilly The Desert Lilly can be found in the Mojave & Sonoran Desert. The Desert Lilly can be seen blooming March through May. The Desert Lilly can be found in sandy places below 2,500 feet. The Desert Lilies leaves are about 1 inch wide. The leaves grow about 8 to 20 inches long. The Desert Lilies leaves have wavy edges. Many Native Amaricans use the bulb as a food source. Author: Lorena
37: TUMBLEWEED The Tumbleweed is usually called ‘’Russian thistle’’ also ‘’Wind Witch’’. Those are common names for the symbol of the American West. When the Tumbleweed dries it will be caught by the wind and roll. The Tumbleweed rolls and spreads its 250,000 seeds as it is blown. The Tumbleweed gets a tan color when it dries up. The Tumbleweed is being destroyed by people building homes, companies, and roads. Author: Tyler
38: Cottonwood You can find the Cottonwood Tree in the Sonora Desert and in Mexico. The range is 2500-7000.The Cottonwood Tree can go up to 50-60 feet in height. The Cottonwood’s nick name is The Water Tree. The Cottonwood’s seed’s are food for deer, rabbits, and field mice. The Cottonwood’s habitat is destroyed by people building houses and roads. Author: Haeden
39: The Crucifixion Cactus The Crucifixion thorn is a cactus. It can along be found in Mexico, Baja, California and the Sonora Desert of Arizona. The habitat is rocky desert washes and slopes. It can be found from 500 to 2,000 feet. The fruit is reddish-brown. It hangs down in group of five –pedals less than 1/2 inches wide. The Crucifixion Thorn blossoms in the spring and early summer. Author: Angelique
40: The Creosote Bush The Creosote Bush grows less than 4 feet in its lifetime. Some Creosote bushes maintain flowers years round. You can find these seeking capsules on the ground under the creosote bushes. After the creosote blooms, the flower turns to small white fuzzy capsules that have seeds. The foliage provides refuge for crickets and grasshoppers. The creosote lives in the deserts of Arizona. Humans destroy the plants habitat by making roads and house. Author: Elias
41: The Hedgehog Cactus The Hedgehog has two names one is hedgehog, the other “(ee-keen-oo-kay-ree-us-tri-glow-chidi-A-tus)” Echinocerens. | The second name is pretty hard to pronounce, but the first name is Hedgehog and that is easy to pronounce. The Hedgehog is a cactus. | It’s a barrel shape cactus. I’ve got a question, what are those flowers on top of it? The Hedgehog cactus comes from the Greek word Enchos. Author: Edgar
42: The Mojave Yucca The Mojave Yucca’s habitat is a rocky desert. The Mojave Yucca is also called the “Spanish dagger”. It is called this because it has thorns and the flower is bell-shaped and purplish-white. The Mojave Yucca grows in southern Nevada and western Arizona. Its berry grows 2 to 4 feet long and 1 inches wide. Author: Christian H.
43: The Cholla Cactus The Cholla Cactus is found in hot deserts of the American Southwest. Most Cholla Cactus has orange or greenish\yellow flowers, with a variety colors. The Cholla Cactus stems are modified branches they bloom and produce flowers. When an animal or people brush up against this cactus the branch easily breaks off, catching a ride to a new growing location. People cause the habitat of the Cholla Cactus to be ruined by destroying the desert. Author: Jordyn